Chittaranjan Rao, Director of Product Management, Automation and WAN Solutions, Juniper Networks

Cloud Metro - The New Edge for Sustainable Business Growth

Cloud Metro
Chittaranjan Rao Headshot
The title slide from the presentation features a purple background with text in white. The text includes the title, which reads “Cloud Metro: The New Edge for Sustainable Business Growth.” Presenter Chittaranjan Rao’s headshot is pictured on the right, along with his title “Director Product Management, Automation and WAN Solutions.” The Juniper logo is also shown, as well as the logo for the event FutureNet Asia 18–19 October 2022 / Singapore.

Beyond connectivity: It’s time to rethink today’s metro designs.

Hear from Juniper’s Chittaranjan Rao on how current metro fails to thrive in the prevailing digitalization era, and why service providers should consider moving to Juniper Cloud Metro. What’s more, you’ll learn how Juniper is the only vendor in the market that delivers a truly compelling and differentiated portfolio that unlocks the advantages of the Cloud Metro for service providers. 

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You’ll learn

  • How the Juniper Cloud Metro portfolio delivers truly differentiated user experiences 

  • Why service providers should consider moving to Cloud Metro today 

Who is this for?

Network Professionals Business Leaders


Chittaranjan Rao Headshot
Chittaranjan Rao
Director of Product Management, Automation and WAN Solutions, Juniper Networks


0:00 all right up next we have a presentation

0:02 about the cloud Metro speaking of edge

0:05 is the new Edge for sustainable business

0:08 growth and joining me is cheetah ranjan

0:11 Rao who is director of product

0:13 management for Automation and when

0:15 solutions from Juniper Networks

0:24 hello everyone

0:25 good afternoon and I am a director in

0:28 product management in Juniper India and

0:30 I'm excited to stand here in front of

0:32 you to talk about Cloud Metro and how it

0:35 can enable sustainable business growth

0:40 let's look at the trends which we have

0:42 been seeing in the past two to three

0:44 years and many of them are obvious and I

0:48 have categorized them into three simple

0:50 buckets

0:51 newer applications right a lot of this

0:54 has already been spoken about and we

0:56 know that new applications are pretty

0:59 insisting on the requirements for

1:02 latency or on their closer proximity

1:04 which is same or similar but not

1:07 identical with low latency and there are

1:10 a lot of applications which consume a

1:12 lot of data take it up into the cloud

1:14 for processing and provide results or

1:17 responses back in real time or near real

1:19 time

1:21 and we also see change in the traffic

1:23 patterns there's a rise in east west

1:26 traffic not the traditional North South

1:28 traffic where the Metro was generally a

1:31 dump pipe aggregating lower speeds into

1:34 higher speeds and sending the data over

1:35 to the Core

1:37 the new traffic patterns are also much

1:40 thicker in the sense that carrying a lot

1:42 more traffic thanks to devices which are

1:45 capable of generating far more data like

1:48 a 48 megapixel camera right content is

1:52 created and consumed within the Metro

1:54 itself you're more likely to make a

1:57 video call within the same city than

2:00 across cities or across continents

2:03 and supporting all this is the newer

2:05 Trend which is generally an evolution

2:07 and a revolution of standards and

2:10 protocols and Frameworks and

2:11 Technologies which are enabling all this

2:14 the cable standards for delivering

2:17 internet the packet Optical Network

2:20 standards which have evolved from Pawn

2:22 to gigabit Pawn to xgs pawn then the

2:25 evolution or the revolution from 4G to

2:28 5G and device evolvement or Evolution

2:32 where now devices are connected to

2:34 multiple networks and multiple types of

2:37 networks at the same time are all on

2:40 growing Trends which we are seeing

2:42 and what is the kind of opportunity

2:45 these changes or Trends are pointing to

2:47 some of these have already been repeated

2:50 again and again which makes my job

2:51 easier right because we are resonating

2:53 the same message

2:55 a 500 billion dollar opportunity in age

2:58 Computing Time by 2030 growing at an

3:01 impressive rate of 49 per annum if 5x

3:06 growth by 2027 in the amount of traffic

3:09 carried in the Metro

3:11 and 50 percent of Enterprise data will

3:14 be distributed in Edge clouds or hybrid

3:18 clouds by 2025 but the key message here

3:23 is there is a rise in a customer base

3:26 who are willing to pay a premium

3:29 for differentiated and

3:33 excellent service experience which can

3:37 be monetized

3:39 so what are the requirements for the

3:41 metro in order to meet the business

3:43 opportunities in order to exploit or

3:46 take advantage of them

3:48 we did a survey with heavy reading and

3:50 the list here should not be a surprise

3:53 to the folks in the room right right at

3:55 the top is network security which is a

3:58 must or a given because the envelope or

4:01 the attack surface with 5x growth is

4:05 naturally much bigger we also have seen

4:09 Echoes of the same sentiment here

4:11 automation is the next in demand and for

4:14 the right reasons do it yourself

4:15 projects or homegrown management tools

4:19 will no longer cut it when the number of

4:21 devices number of links number of

4:23 subscribers number of connections number

4:26 of whatever it is is going to grow by

4:29 five times

4:30 there is also a requirement for

4:32 aggregating higher speeds towards the

4:35 core so we migrate from 100 Gig uplinks

4:38 to 400 gig uplinks and then 800 gig

4:41 uplinks Once Upon a Time the higher

4:44 speeds used to first appear in the core

4:46 and then in the edge Network and now we

4:48 are seeing that there is a need for

4:50 bringing the higher speeds first into

4:53 the Metro itself

4:54 service Assurance no surprises here the

4:58 panelists before me and many of the

5:01 other participants here are all talking

5:03 about the same thing how customer is

5:06 demanding an assured service experience

5:09 and it's on top of the mind of the Telco

5:11 operators

5:13 combining the integration of practical

5:16 packet and Optical convergence along

5:19 with the Metro Pawn integration there is

5:22 a need for Network slicing as well the

5:25 same unified Metro has to behave

5:27 differently for different applications

5:29 for different use cases for different

5:32 preferential treatments so these are the

5:36 next few concerns and they have to be

5:39 supported by the Next Generation

5:41 protocols which reduce the overhead

5:43 between the packet header and the

5:46 payload as well as bringing newer

5:48 capabilities and simplicities within the

5:51 next Generation Metro

5:53 the Next Generation Metro primarily

5:56 driven by 5G will also bring about

5:59 stringent timing and synchronization

6:02 requirement Class C at a minimum is a

6:05 must and class D will come in sooner or

6:07 later

6:09 so the matter of the past which we are

6:11 labeling as retro Metro is very

6:14 different from the matter of the present

6:16 evolving into the future over the next

6:18 decade we at Juniper believe that the

6:22 changes are so significant that we want

6:24 a new category itself and that's why we

6:28 are calling it as the cloud Metro and

6:30 the cloud Metro is what will bring

6:32 sustainable business growth for service

6:35 providers and operators

6:38 categorizing the key differences into

6:40 three buckets we can look at it from an

6:43 architecture as systems and an

6:45 operations perspective let me start with

6:48 architecture right at the bottom the

6:50 Retro Metro was basically a scale-up

6:54 model where you replace an existing box

6:56 with a bigger box or a box with bigger

6:59 throughput

7:00 it would have Network silos which meant

7:03 a slightly different network for

7:05 residential one for business and one for

7:08 mobile

7:09 and the Retro Metro would be over

7:12 provisioned providing a way for Passive

7:15 Assurance in the sense I have more than

7:17 enough capacity for what I need

7:19 therefore my customers should be getting

7:22 the slas they are asking or demanding

7:24 for and security was an afterthought

7:27 just like you see in the old buildings

7:29 the webcams are attached outside with

7:31 wiring running through it's a bolt-on

7:34 method of security no more the cloud

7:38 Metro of today and tomorrow should have

7:40 built-in security it will have embedded

7:43 active Assurance where the network

7:45 points or the platforms themselves can

7:48 provide a way to measure and assure

7:51 consistent service experience

7:54 and there will be a single unified Metro

7:58 with network slicing capable of serving

8:02 the different applications and the

8:04 different use cases and it has to

8:06 support scale up as well as scale out

8:09 architectures moving on the systems

8:12 systems are essentially the platforms

8:14 which make up the different elements in

8:17 the cloud Metro solution they used to

8:20 basically work as aggregators you know

8:23 combine several low speed links into a

8:25 single high speed link and send it

8:27 towards the core

8:28 they used to be monolithic with respect

8:31 to power so you need to add a bulk of

8:35 power at the beginning and that would

8:37 how the box or the platform of the

8:39 system would perform

8:40 and they would have a shorter life span

8:42 due to the evolution of Technology

8:45 the cloud Metro systems will need to be

8:48 smarter and not just dumb aggregators

8:51 the protocols and Technologies like

8:54 Network slicing will reach out into the

8:56 network which means that in the Metro

8:58 decisions have to be made feature

9:01 richness has to be brought into these

9:03 platforms and systems these boxes need

9:06 to be energy efficient and in the next

9:09 slide I will describe why this is very

9:11 important and these assets need to sweat

9:15 for a longer period of time not just two

9:17 to three years but lasting as long as

9:20 seven years in other words they should

9:22 be ready for up to 2x generation change

9:25 in technology and finally operations

9:28 this is an easy part because everyone

9:32 has already heard from the previous

9:33 speakers and the panelists how we need

9:36 to move away from manual do-it-yourself

9:39 operations we need complete automation

9:42 for managing devices we need to shift

9:44 from managing boxes to managing customer

9:46 experience and we need to move away from

9:50 Heroes working in the knock to AI

9:53 enabled collective intelligence which

9:55 brings about predictive results and it

9:58 can even prevent incidents from

10:00 occurring

10:01 but how can you know service providers

10:04 get sustainable business growth with the

10:07 existing or the past retro Metro

10:10 there are three challenges here again

10:13 the category of three which makes it

10:15 easy

10:16 let me start with profit right

10:19 as the number of devices increase

10:21 subscribers increase links increase

10:23 notes increase everything increases the

10:27 cost of operations must be kept if the

10:30 cost of managing the network also

10:33 increases in direct correlation to your

10:36 growth in the Metro that's not

10:38 sustainable business

10:40 people problem the data point here is

10:43 very significant 86 percent of the

10:46 executives in telecom have named skilled

10:49 staff as their number one shortage

10:51 sure with difficulty you can add more

10:54 people to managing the network but they

10:57 need a work-life balance too

11:01 unhappy staff make for more mistakes and

11:05 unhappy customers

11:07 manual operations are definitely not

11:10 sustainable human error will tend to

11:12 creep in and I have more of this in the

11:15 upcoming slides and the third one is

11:17 very interesting

11:19 Juniper Networks many of our customers

11:22 and service providers as a whole have

11:24 made many different commitments related

11:27 to carbon neutrality net zero emissions

11:30 and so on the time window may be

11:33 different for each company or each

11:35 country or each location but eventually

11:38 over the next decade we will see

11:41 everybody marching towards a more

11:43 efficient Greener net carbon neutral

11:46 kind of an operation model if the Metro

11:49 is growing at 5x then the Retro Metro

11:53 solution will not be able to meet or

11:56 help the customers and service providers

11:59 meet this requirement

12:02 therefore the solution is cloud Metro in

12:07 2021 we introduced Cloud Metro with a

12:10 couple of platforms and now we have

12:12 expanded the solution to provide a more

12:15 holistic view of the entire offering in

12:18 the Metro space

12:20 let me start with sustainable

12:21 architecture the key architecture for

12:25 the cloud Metro will be based on IP

12:27 Services fabric

12:29 this will also have a converged Network

12:33 meaning one single unified Metro for

12:36 residential business and mobile networks

12:39 it will have Network slicing augmented

12:42 with the newer protocols like evpn

12:45 segment routing srv6 Etc in order to

12:49 help with the network slicing

12:51 implementation it has to support scale

12:54 up and scale out architectures in

12:57 addition to this we need to have

12:59 embedded active assurance

13:02 embedded in the platforms themselves so

13:05 that it's easier to deploy easier to

13:07 test easier to roll out and easier to

13:11 prove and debug an existing SLA

13:15 security the number one concern for the

13:19 Next Generation Metro also has to be

13:21 built in and not bolt on and we are

13:25 planning to do this with a zero trust

13:27 security model more on this later on

13:30 the next layer sustainable platforms or

13:33 sustainable systems these not to include

13:36 the so-called boxes but also the Optics

13:41 which together provide the hardware in

13:44 order to implement a cloud Metro

13:46 solution and finally at the top

13:48 sustainable operations

13:51 I think everybody here agrees with the

13:54 message that we need to have Automation

13:57 in place so this part is pretty easy we

14:01 have a paragon automation solution which

14:05 is based on Driving Experience rather

14:08 than platform oriented view of

14:11 management it is outcome driven rather

14:15 than operation driven and it is gives

14:18 the easy button so

14:21 onboarding a new device is a matter of

14:23 minutes and not months with an AI

14:26 enabled and Cloud delivered as a service

14:29 Paragon automation Suite

14:33 being a little deeper into the ACX 7000

14:36 family of the cloud Metro these systems

14:40 were built ground up with no Legacy no

14:44 backward compatibility no retro Metro

14:48 baggage and therefore they have been

14:51 highly optimized to meet the challenges

14:54 of the cloud Metro era

14:56 a good view is is captured at the bottom

15:00 table where sustainable business

15:02 outcomes are clearly seen as against the

15:06 Retro Metro based on ACG research study

15:09 53 to 71 percent lower total cost of

15:13 ownership primarily driven by a lower

15:16 power consumption due to more efficient

15:19 power modules and power technology as

15:22 well as better space efficiency through

15:25 Innovative and intelligent design of the

15:27 platforms themselves

15:29 resulting in four to seven years of

15:32 longer system life which means these

15:34 boxes are not ready just for the 400

15:37 gigs through ports and speeds but also

15:40 for 800 gig and

15:42 0.6 dbps era coming in the future

15:46 a quick mention about the Juniper custom

15:49 ZR and ZR plus Optics in the 400 gig

15:52 throughput speed they will provide

15:54 leading power consumption when the same

15:57 optic is at put at both ends of the

15:59 network link we can enable proprietary

16:02 effect modes which will result in 5 to

16:05 10 percent lower power consumption than

16:08 compared to the main competition another

16:10 key important aspect is that these

16:13 Optics are integrated into the Paragon

16:15 automation which means an incident or an

16:19 event in the optical domain or the dwdm

16:23 domain can result in events being

16:25 triggered in the IP domain which can

16:28 result in preventing a incident in the

16:32 customer experience by either re-routing

16:34 traffic or changing a parameter or

16:38 whatever action it is necessary thank to

16:40 the AIML and the intelligent error and

16:43 the intelligent algorithms up in the

16:45 cloud

16:46 these objects are fully standards based

16:50 and can interface with any other optic

16:53 who are implementing the standards-based

16:56 solutions

16:58 automation is critical and I think this

17:01 point has been made again and again by

17:03 everybody in this room so I can directly

17:06 jump to the key message human error is

17:09 the prime source of issues and we can no

17:12 longer have do it yourself kind of

17:16 homegrown or company grown Tools in

17:20 order to manage the cloud Metro at scale

17:25 Paragon automation as a service is cloud

17:28 delivered and AI enabled the best place

17:32 for running AI which consumes a

17:34 humongous amount of data to produce

17:36 intelligent outcomes and inferences is

17:39 in the cloud and therefore the

17:42 automation Suite is delivered from the

17:44 cloud as a service

17:45 a comparison by analysis Mason shows

17:49 that there's up to 40 percent cost

17:51 reduction as 70 percent faster

17:55 deployment of newer use cases and a 50

17:59 reduction in deployment time as compared

18:02 to the traditional do-it-yourself method

18:05 of man network manageability

18:08 this also includes embedded active

18:12 Assurance where basically the test

18:15 agents which are used in order to

18:17 measure parameters like latency

18:19 throughput ping tests Etc are embedded

18:23 in the platform and they provide

18:25 sustainable business outcomes as

18:28 compared to a non-active Assurance based

18:31 system

18:32 50 reduction in incident resolution time

18:35 simplified deployment 30 percent

18:38 increase in customer satisfaction

18:42 finally the built-in zero trust security

18:45 all the ACX 7000 platform modules

18:49 incorporate the trusted platform module

18:52 TPM 2.0 which gives a unique Dev ID

18:56 giving cryptographic

18:59 intelligence into each of the platform

19:02 or capabilities into each platform which

19:04 is used for hardware and software

19:07 attestation and validation leading to

19:10 securing data both data at rest which

19:13 means the files and the image

19:16 as well as data in motion with Max SEC

19:19 and other secure protocols

19:22 all in all

19:24 if I summarize the whole Cloud Metro

19:28 there is a tremendous opportunity based

19:31 on the trends and based on the evolution

19:34 and Revolution happening in the

19:36 technology space we believe this

19:38 requires a new category by itself and we

19:41 are calling that as Cloud Metro

19:44 the three challenges for the current

19:47 technology or the Retro Metro

19:49 is along the lines of profit people and

19:52 planet and these are directly addressed

19:55 by Cloud Metro which has sustainable

19:58 operations sustainable systems and

20:00 sustainable architecture which together

20:03 enable sustainable business growth

20:07 thank you for your patience and for your

20:09 attention outside near the registration

20:13 desk my colleagues are waiting with

20:18 a free gift

20:19 so those of you who are interested in

20:22 asking questions or those of you who are

20:25 interested in knowing more please do

20:27 stop by near the registration desk

20:30 thank you

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