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    BGP Neighbor


    View Neighbor Information


    BGP neighbors are routers that communicate BGP routing information to one another. You can query for a BGP neighbor relationship from the Network > Protocols > BGP > BGP Neighbor menu in View or Design action mode. Alternatively, you can right-click a particular node in the map and select View>BGP Nhbrs at Node (Standard map) or View Nhbrs at Node (BGP map).

    1. Click on Network > Protocols > BGP > BGP Neighbor and the BGP Neighbors window will appear.
    2. The BGP Neighbors window displays all neighboring relationships. The top section of this window lists all BGP speakers with their neighbors and properties. The lower half has three tabs: Properties, In Policy, and Out Policy.

      Figure 1: BGP Neighbors Details

      BGP Neighbors Details
    3. Click on Show Neighbor to highlight the link between the selected neighbor pair.
    4. With the Filter button, you can search for neighbors based on various parameters, such as AS numbers, Interface, Weight, etc. After filling in search criteria, click on the Fetch button and it will bring up the BGP Neighbor window, which shows all neighbors that match the search criteria.

      Note: For the Node field, you must choose a real node and not an AS (pseudo-node). To search on an AS, you can use the AS, Neighbor AS, and Neighbor Node fields. Note that the search for AS uses exact match on the AS number. For example, you must type in 111 rather than AS111 or 1 or 1*. Wildcards are not supported in this field.

    5. Right-click on an entry to see the options Show “Neighbor Address = Group” and “Show peergroups with no members”.
      • Show “Neighbor Address = Group”: These entries list the group underneath the neighbor address column. They are intended to provide information regarding the default settings of a BGP group, e.g., configured under [edit protocols bgp group ibgp_peers] for Juniper. These default settings may be overridden for a particular neighbor within the group.
      • “Show peergroups with no members”: This option will display any BGP groups which have no neighbors listed in them.

    Properties Tab


    The Properties tab has the following fields:

    Field

    Description

    AS

    The node AS.

    Neighbor AS

    The neighbor node AS.

    Interface

    The interface that is used to connect to the neighbor.

    Node

    The name of the node (BGP speaker).

    Status

    Status of the neighbor. It is either up or down.

    Group

    The name of the peer group if it is applicable.

    Multihop

    The optional TTL (Time to Live) number from the IOS command: neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name} ebgp-multihop [ttl]

    VRF

    The virtual routing and forwarding instance name.

    Neighbor Address

    The IP address of the neighbor.

    Neighbor Node

    The name of the neighbor.

    RR Client

    Indicates whether the neighbor is a route reflector client or not.

    Cluster ID

    The cluster ID if it is applicable.

    Address Family

    Indicates if an address family such as VPNv4 or Inet-VPN is used.

    Confederation ID

    Indicates the BGP Confederation ID that the AS belongs to, if any.

    Multipath

    Indicates if BGP multipath has been configured for load balancing purposes.

    Next-hop self

    Indicates if the router is configured as the next hop for the BGP neighbor. “


    In and Out Policies Tabs


    The In Policy tab shows all policies that are applied to incoming routes to the node from the highlighted neighbor. The Out Policy tab shows all policies that are applied to outgoing routes from the node. (Note that different literature may refer to in/out policy as import/export policy; they are equivalent.)

    Note: You should have more than one AS in your network in order to see policies.

    For Cisco routers, the routing policies may specify route filtering and attribute manipulation, which use route maps, access lists, AS_path access lists, community lists, distribute lists, and filter lists.

    For Juniper routers, policy statements and community lists are used. When either the In Policy tab or the Out Policy tab is selected, the policy window has the following fields:

    Field

    Description

    Policy

    Name of the policy

    Term/Sequence

    The term number is used in the policy statement for Juniper. The sequence number is applicable to the route map for Cisco.

    Action

    Permit or deny

    Figure 2: In Policy

    In Policy

    When a particular policy in either the In Policy or Out Policy tab is selected, the lower right pane displays the relevant statements for that policy. For instance, the in policy localonly for router RTB is shown in the figure above.


    Add BGP Peering relationship


    IP/MPLSView offers two ways to add BGP peering relationships; you can use either the Modify > Protocols > BGP > BGP Neighbor... menu or the Modify > Protocols > BGP > Add Multiple BGP Neighbors... menu.

    1. To define a BGP peering relationship from a node to its neighbor node, switch to Modify mode, and bring up the BGP Neighbors window via the Modify > Protocols > BGP > BGP Neighbor... menu. Then click on the Add button to bring up the Add BGP Neighbors window as shown in the following figure.

      Figure 3: Add BGP Neighbor Window

      Add BGP Neighbor Window
    2. Choose the AS number and Node from the AS and Node dropdown menus. Similarly, choose the Neighbor AS number and the Neighbor Node from the Neighbor AS and Neighbor Node dropdown menus. Clicking OK results in a BGP peer being established from the Node to the Neighbor Node. To establish a BGP peering relationship in the opposite direction, simply perform the same steps but swap the AS and Node selections with the Neighbor AS and the Neighbor Node selections. Note that if you are adding a bgp neighboring relationship from a route reflector to its client, be sure to check the RR Client box and specify the Cluster ID.
    3. To add multiple BGP peering relationships between a node and it neighbor, use the Modify > Protocols > BGP > Add Multiple BGP Neighbors... menu to bring up the Add Multiple BGP Neighbors window. The Type dropdown menu includes Intra AS and Inter AS options. The following figure shows how the Add Multiple BGP Neighbors window with Type selected as Intra AS is used to create a full mesh of IBGP neighboring relationships within the AS. Note that balanced neighbors (neighboring relationships established in both directions) are created.

      Figure 4: Add Multiple BGP neighbors window

      Add Multiple BGP neighbors window

    Modified: 2016-11-08