Zach Gibbs, Content Developer Education Services, Juniper Networks 

Configuring Data Center EVPN-VXLAN

Learning Bytes Data Center
Zach Gibbs Headshot
The still image shown is of a black background with white type from a computer programming page. It is a still from the demo showing how to configure data center EVPN-VXLAN. It shows paths and many numbers.

Juniper Learning Byte: Configuring data center EVPN-VXLAN from start to finish

Watch as Juniper’s Zach Gibbs shows you the ins and outs of how to configure EVPN and VXLAN parameters in the data center. To note: this demo is most appropriate for users who have some familiarity with data center technologies.

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You’ll learn

  • A step-by-step demo that takes you all the way through from topology to verification 

  • How VXLAN tunnels will form in the configuration and where they are sourced from 

  • Why you might not see a route for every host in the overlay (b/c EVPN does not pass routes until they are needed)

Who is this for?

Network Professionals Business Leaders

Host

Zach Gibbs Headshot
Zach Gibbs
Content Developer Education Services, Juniper Networks 
Transcript

0:02 [Music]

0:12 hello my name is zach gibbs and i'm a

0:14 content developer within education

0:17 services inside juniper networks and

0:20 today we will be going through the

0:21 configuring data center evpn vxlan

0:24 learning byte

0:27 all right so here is our topology we

0:29 have a few different devices uh five to

0:31 be exact we're five devices we will be

0:33 configuring and then there's two hosts

0:35 host one and host two uh the five

0:37 switches are spine one spine two leafs

0:40 one leaf two and leaf three and uh we do

0:44 have some parameters here on the left

0:45 you can see you can see the loopback

0:47 addresses for each switch spine1 is

0:50 192.168 100.1 spine2 is dot 2 leaf one

0:54 is dot 11 leaf 2 is 12 and leaf 3 is dot

0:58 13. and then with the hosts the hosts

1:00 are going to be in

1:01 vni 5099 both hosts and they're both

1:04 going to be in the same vlan and they're

1:06 both going to be in the same broadcast

1:08 domain the same subnet

1:10 and you can see here host one has

1:11 10.1.1.1

1:13 24 and host 2 has 10.1.1.2

1:16 24.

1:17 and what we're doing here or what we

1:19 want to do is we want to enable

1:21 communication between host 1 and host 2

1:24 by configuring evpn vxlan

1:27 and something else to point out here is

1:29 that this is the overlay network i

1:30 wanted to show this first and that

1:33 there's ibgp in the fabric that is

1:37 passing evpn routes around so just keep

1:39 that in mind

1:40 and so the overlay network is currently

1:43 working and functioning and well

1:45 technically it's not passing the routes

1:46 around yet because we haven't set up

1:48 evpn vxlan but it's set up to do so the

1:50 ivgp sessions have family evpn signaling

1:54 configured for them and then in the next

1:56 slide this slide shows how the vxlan

1:59 tunnels will be forming and you can see

2:01 here that

2:03 leaf 1 and leaf 3 since they have the

2:05 directly connected host devices they

2:07 will be forming vxlan tunnels to every

2:09 other device

2:11 and as you can see here leaf one will be

2:13 forming a vxlan tunnel with spine one

2:15 and then spine two and leaf two and also

2:18 leaf street and then you can see leaf

2:20 three is doing the same thing it's

2:21 forming a tunnel with leaf two leaf one

2:24 spine one and spine two

2:27 all right so here is the cli for spine

2:29 one and the first place we need to go is

2:31 the switch options and here we need to

2:34 configure the vtep source interface it's

2:37 going to be the loopback interface

2:38 and this works well because what happens

2:41 here is

2:42 the vxlan tunnels will be

2:44 sourced from the loopback and those

2:47 loopback

2:48 interfaces or the routes associated with

2:49 the loopback interfaces are being passed

2:52 around in the underlay network and so

2:54 we'll we will have reachability to those

2:57 routes because of that

2:59 and so next we need to configure the

3:00 route distinguisher that's going to be

3:02 six four six six five coin one and the

3:06 autonomous system that we're using here

3:08 is six four six six five uh that was

3:11 shown in the topology but i did forget

3:13 to point that out and so what we can do

3:16 here is we can do the same route

3:17 distinguisher calling something else on

3:19 each of the devices

3:21 and so spine 2 is going to be 6 4 6 6 5

3:24 colon 2 and leaf 3 is going to be 6 4 6

3:27 6 5 colon 3 and so forth and then we

3:30 need to set the vrf target and that's

3:32 going to be target colon it's going to

3:34 be based off of the autonomous system

3:36 number again and we're going to say 101

3:38 and that just needs to match on all the

3:40 switch devices here

3:42 and then we need to complete that

3:45 configuration on the other devices as

3:47 well and so the only thing that's going

3:48 to really change here is the route

3:50 distinguisher so what will be nice to do

3:52 is

3:55 i will

3:57 copy these commands out and then just

4:00 paste them in and make a quick change

4:01 where necessary

4:04 okay so let's go to spine2

4:06 and let's paste that in

4:09 and so we'll change the route

4:11 distinguisher to colon2

4:13 and then let's go to leaf one

4:16 and same deal

4:20 and we'll change the rod extinguisher

4:22 again to be something unique

4:24 and then let's go to leaf two and do the

4:28 same thing here

4:30 and change that route extinguisher to

4:32 something unique

4:34 and then let's go to leaf three

4:37 and do the same thing

4:40 and again change that to a unique value

4:43 for the route distinguisher okay so

4:44 let's jump back to spine1 and then next

4:47 we need to configure the

4:48 evpn protocol parameters

4:53 and then within here we need to set the

4:55 encapsulation to vxlan since we will be

4:57 using vx land tunnels and then we can

5:00 set the extended

5:02 vni list and you can specify the

5:05 specific vnis we're using and we are

5:08 using

5:08 5099 for the vni or you could use the

5:11 shortcut of all if there's

5:14 more than just one or a whole bunch or

5:16 whatever save you some time so we're

5:18 just going to say all granted we only

5:20 have one so it's not really saving us

5:21 much time but i did want to point that

5:23 out

5:24 and then let's do the display set again

5:27 and we'll copy this to the other devices

5:31 in the data center

5:35 and it's no changes so this will be

5:38 quick and easy

5:42 and then there's leaf three all right so

5:43 let's go back to spine one

5:46 and then we need to configure the vlan

5:49 and we set we'll call this v10 because

5:52 it's going to be vlan

5:53 use the vlan id of 10 and then we need

5:55 to set the vxlan vni that this vlan will

5:58 be using to 5099

6:04 and we'll again copy this information

6:06 out and copy it to the other devices

6:09 and there's no changes there so we can

6:10 simply just copy it in

6:13 that's leaf one leaf two

6:15 and leaf three

6:17 and

6:18 then on spine one let's go ahead and

6:20 commit the configuration there's nothing

6:21 else we need to do there

6:23 spine two same thing

6:25 and leaf one we'll need to make a change

6:28 leaf two we don't so let's go ahead and

6:29 commit the configuration and then jump

6:31 back to leaf one now recall that leaf

6:34 one is directly connected to host one on

6:37 its xe004

6:40 interface

6:45 you can see here it's configured but

6:48 it's not configured as a member of that

6:50 vlan we just created v10 so we need to

6:52 set that as a member of that vlan

6:59 and we'll set v10

7:02 then we can commit the configuration

7:03 there and we'll jump to leaf three and

7:05 do the same thing

7:11 you can see here it is

7:12 configured but not all the way

7:18 and then

7:20 let's go ahead and commit the

7:21 configuration

7:23 and then let's jump back to leaf one and

7:26 have a look at some things see what we

7:28 can see here

7:30 see if there's any vxlan tunnels up

7:34 looking for remote endpoints anything

7:36 coming in and we do what do we have here

7:38 we have something coming in from leaf

7:40 three recall that the loopback address

7:43 of leaf three

7:44 is 192 168 100.13

7:48 and that's exactly what we want to see

7:50 and we can see it's coming in

7:52 from that address and we can see the vni

7:54 id as well

7:56 and we see the vtep interface that is

7:58 being used and that's perfect that's

7:59 exactly what we want to see and you can

8:01 see the

8:02 loopback information there shown for the

8:05 source vtep ip

8:07 and so that looks good that's exactly

8:08 what we want to see now we can change

8:10 this command to source

8:13 and we have some information as well we

8:15 can see the vlans that are are present

8:17 you couldn't see that in the previous

8:19 output so you can see the vlan name is

8:20 v10 and then the vlan id is 10. that

8:23 looks good and so yeah everything looks

8:25 good here that's how we should see it

8:26 and so with that let's run those

8:28 commands

8:29 or at least one of them on the other

8:30 devices to show you what we have here

8:37 and you can see here the output's a

8:38 little different and recall remember i

8:40 said that

8:41 the leaf one and leaf three devices

8:43 would be forming vxlan tunnels with

8:45 every device in the switch fabric and

8:48 you can see that here now if we jump

8:50 back to leaf one we only saw one tunnel

8:52 well why is that well that's because no

8:55 other devices besides leaf three is

8:58 forming tunnels so we only have one from

9:00 leaf three but on spine one that we see

9:02 here we see the two tunnels we see it

9:04 from leaf one and from leaf three

9:07 and that's exactly what we should be

9:08 seeing now one other thing i do want to

9:10 point out here and i did mention it

9:12 briefly just a few minutes ago is the

9:14 vtep interfaces these are the vtep

9:16 interfaces that are being used and the

9:19 nice thing about this is you can look at

9:20 the vtep interfaces to get more

9:22 information and let's do that now let's

9:24 do show

9:26 interface vtep

9:28 to 327.69

9:31 and you can see here vxlan tunnel

9:34 endpoint type remote that's good

9:37 where it's coming from

9:39 and another thing that i do like to

9:41 point out is the input and output

9:43 packets once you start sending traffic

9:45 you should see this incrementing if it's

9:47 not incrementing or only the input or

9:49 only the output is incrementing then you

9:51 definitely have some problems so keep

9:52 that in mind so you want to look for

9:54 that

9:55 and we can jump to spine too

10:00 and we'll see the similar information

10:01 and even on leaf two we'll see similar

10:03 information

10:08 and so with that let's uh what else

10:10 should we look at let's look at let's go

10:12 back to leaf one i do want to show it on

10:14 leaf three real quick that same command

10:18 and you can see here it's basically the

10:20 reverse it's coming from leaf one

10:23 the source is leaf three so things look

10:25 good there it's using that vtep

10:26 interface

10:28 and so

10:29 uh with this let's do the run show bgp

10:32 summary command so you can see here in

10:34 this output that we are receiving

10:37 a single bgp evpn route or rather in the

10:42 bgbevpn.0 table and also on the default

10:47 switch.evpn.0 table as well

10:49 now that might seem a little odd because

10:50 we

10:51 have at least two hosts and so there

10:53 should be at least two routes right well

10:56 how it works is there is going to be

10:58 some sort of routing shared and that has

11:00 nothing to do with the hosts and that's

11:02 that single route you're seeing

11:04 and it isn't until

11:06 we start sending traffic between the

11:08 hosts that more routes will be passed

11:10 and that's because evpn how it works is

11:12 it's not going to pass the routes until

11:14 they're needed so keep that in mind and

11:16 also i do want to point out that 192 168

11:18 100.1 that's spine1 and the 192.168

11:22 100.2 that is spine2 they are rut

11:24 reflectors and so that's why we're only

11:26 seeing those two in the overlay network

11:28 and let's ping host two you can see host

11:31 two is able to talk to host one and

11:33 let's do the reverse on host two as well

11:35 and so we have traffic flowing so let's

11:37 go back to leaf three and let's run that

11:39 same command and you can see here that

11:41 we do have we see

11:44 in the default switch you know we see

11:45 this change here because this is what's

11:47 coming from

11:48 dot one

11:49 which is leaf one and so if we scroll

11:51 back up you can see here that

11:54 we do have just one route but now we

11:56 have three routes going back you know so

11:59 some routes are being passed and we can

12:00 look at leaf one we do the same thing

12:04 and you can see that i misspoke when i

12:06 was looking at leaf one i said dot one

12:08 here is uh is leaf one that's not that's

12:10 spine one because we have route

12:12 reflectors sorry i got a little confused

12:13 there so this is spine one spine one is

12:16 reflecting the route spine two is also

12:18 reflecting the routes but it's being

12:19 hidden that's why you have that and so

12:21 that's what you see here now more routes

12:23 are being reflected

12:24 and you can see from spine one that we

12:27 are getting three routes instead of one

12:28 route and you can see on spine

12:30 two

12:32 the spine two session that those routes

12:34 are being hidden because we're already

12:35 getting them from spine one and so we

12:37 jump to

12:39 leaf one and we'll see the same thing

12:40 here we'll see that we're getting routes

12:43 from spine one

12:45 and we're getting three of those routes

12:47 uh evpn routes

12:49 and so let's actually look at those

12:50 routes

12:53 let's do bgp.evpn.0

12:56 and you can see the routes that we're

12:58 getting here

12:59 you see that they are type 2 and type 3

13:02 routes

13:03 and if i scroll up here i believe this

13:05 is the route that is coming from

13:09 host two let's jump to host two real

13:11 quick cause i think that's its mac

13:12 address right there if i remember right

13:14 so let's look at host two

13:17 kill this ping

13:19 and uh

13:23 let's look at the mac address here and

13:25 so

13:26 okay this is the mac address that we're

13:27 using on this interface it's

13:30 for a0 so let's jump back to leaf one

13:32 and i think that's what we see there yep

13:34 4 a0 so that's exactly what we have so

13:36 that is that route and then we can look

13:38 at the

13:42 look at the what table is the default

13:46 switch evpn evpn0

13:48 and you can see the mac and ip rouse the

13:51 the two and threes kind of similar

13:53 information what you saw before and so

13:55 that's that route for host two and

13:57 that's from leaf one

13:59 and then i want to show let's look at

14:01 the evpn

14:03 database

14:05 and here in the evpn database you see

14:07 that

14:08 we have

14:10 this is leaf threes

14:12 and that is host whose mac address

14:14 and you can see the ip address we know

14:16 that's host 2's ip address and the

14:18 active source is

14:20 leaf 3 and so that's exactly we want to

14:22 see then here you'll see active source

14:24 for this route or this database entry

14:27 is pointing out xe004 and that's the

14:29 local interface on the leaf so that

14:31 means

14:32 that this is host one's mac address and

14:34 you can see host one's ip address as

14:36 well

14:37 and i want to jump back to host 2 and

14:40 get that ping going again because i do

14:41 want to show one other quick thing

14:43 so

14:44 recall i said something about that vtep

14:46 interface so i do want to show the

14:48 ethernet switching vxlan remote command

14:51 again and then we're going to look at

14:53 that interface

15:00 and you can see here we see the packets

15:02 there's packets going in and out of that

15:04 interface

15:05 if we look at that again you can see

15:06 it's incrementing and that's great that

15:08 means that that traffic is going in and

15:10 out of that vxlan tunnel or the vxlan

15:13 tunnels and so everything definitely

15:15 looks good and is functioning well with

15:18 evp and vxlan and host one and host two

15:20 can communicate without any problems

15:23 so that does bring us to the end of this

15:25 learning byte in this learning byte we

15:26 demonstrate how to configure and verify

15:28 evpn vxlan in the data center so as

15:31 always thanks for watching

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