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BGP Routes Analysis

Analyzing BGP routes helps the network planner to understand their network better (for example, to find out where the bottlenecks are). The BGP Module provides the users with techniques to investigate the BGP routes. BGP routes can be analyzed by investigating point-to-point routing or by generating demands and then examining the ways that demands get routed.

You can use demands to observe routes from the Demands tab of the Network Info table. On the Demands tab, you can see how the demands are routed or why they are unplaced (as indicated by an empty Current Route column). You can also add and modify multiple demands from this tab.

You can highlight a demand and click Show Path on the Demands tab to view the routing of the highlighted demand on the map.

You can check the Console window for details regarding the BGP next hops chosen along the path that are indicated after the arrow “->”. The sample console output below of a path analysis from RTRA to (RTRC) indicates that RTRA chooses BGP next hop on RTRB1 which is directly connected. RTRB1 subsequently chooses BGP next hop which is reached via the IGP next hop of (RTRB2) found by recursive lookup.

Looking at unplaced demands will help you to determine where the bottlenecks are and why. From the Demands window, find an unplaced demand and then right-click to select Bottleneck Analysis button. Examine the main topology map as well as the console to help you to determine the reason for the unplaced demand, for example. a missing BGP routing table entry or being blocked by a policy.

You can investigate the originating nodes of unplaced demands to determine the reasons for the bottlenecks. For example, it may be because the status of a peering relationship is down or because a community list is denied. The console window can provide details about why a demand failed. For example, it can indicate at which step the route was blocked due to out policies or in policies when troubleshooting why a BGP next hop was not found.