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Guidelines for Configuring Virtual Chassis Ports

To interconnect the member routers in a Virtual Chassis for MX Series 5G Universal Routing Platforms, you must configure Virtual Chassis ports on Modular Port Concentrator/Modular Interface Card (MPC/MIC) interfaces. After it is configured, a Virtual Chassis port is dedicated to the task of interconnecting member routers, and is no longer available for configuration as a standard network port.

Note:

Starting with Junos OS Release 14.1, you can preconfigure ports that are currently unavailable for use. Although a Virtual Chassis port is unavailable for use as a standard network port, you can configure this port as a standard network port even after you configure it as a Virtual Chassis port. However, the router does not apply the configuration until you delete the Virtual Chassis port from the Virtual Chassis configuration.

Consider the following guidelines when you configure Virtual Chassis ports in an MX Series Virtual Chassis:

  • An MX Series Virtual Chassis supports up to 16 Virtual Chassis ports per trunk.

    If two or more Virtual Chassis ports of the same type and speed (that is, either all 10-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis ports or all 1-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis ports) are configured between the same two member routers in an MX Series Virtual Chassis, the Virtual Chassis Control Protocol (VCCP) bundles these Virtual Chassis port interfaces into a trunk, reduces the routing cost accordingly, and performs traffic load balancing across all of the Virtual Chassis port interfaces in the trunk.

  • An MX Series Virtual Chassis does not support a combination of 1-Gigabit Ethernet (ge media type) Virtual Chassis ports and 10-Gigabit Ethernet (xe media type) Virtual Chassis ports within the same Virtual Chassis.

    You must configure either all 10-Gigabit Virtual Chassis ports or all 1-Gigabit Virtual Chassis ports in the same Virtual Chassis. We recommend that you configure Virtual Chassis ports on 10-Gigabit Ethernet (xe) interfaces.

    This restriction has no effect on access ports or uplink ports in an MX Series Virtual Chassis configuration.

  • Configure redundant Virtual Chassis ports that reside on different line cards in each member router.

    Note:

    Virtual Chassis ports should be spread over all power zones in each chassis to make the best use of physical redundancy in the router. Distributing VCP interfaces minimizes the risk of split-primary role if power zones are de-energized by PEM or power feed loss. With distributed VCP interfaces, survival of a single power zone prevents split-primary and other undesirable protocol primary role conditions from occurring until all zones are de-energized.

    For a two-member MX Series Virtual Chassis, we recommend that you configure a minimum of two 10-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis ports on different line cards in each member router, for a total minimum of four 10-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis ports in the Virtual Chassis. In addition, make sure the Virtual Chassis port bandwidth is equivalent to no less than 50 percent of the aggregate bandwidth required for user data traffic. The following examples illustrate these recommendations:

    • If the bandwidth in your network is equivalent to two 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces (20 Gbps) on the access-facing side of the Virtual Chassis and two 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces (20 Gbps) on the core-facing side of the Virtual Chassis, we recommend that you configure two 10-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis ports, which is the recommended minimum in a Virtual Chassis for redundancy purposes.

    • If the aggregate bandwidth in your network is equivalent to ten 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces (100 Gbps), we recommend that you configure a minimum of five 10-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis ports, which is 50 percent of the aggregate bandwidth.

  • A user data packet traversing the Virtual Chassis port interfaces between member routers is discarded at the Virtual Chassis egress port if the MTU size of the packet exceeds 9150 bytes.

    The maximum MTU size of a Gigabit Ethernet interface or 10-Gigabit Ethernet interface on a single MX Series router is 9192 bytes. In an MX Series Virtual Chassis configuration, user data packets that traverse Gigabit Ethernet or 10-Gigabit Ethernet Virtual Chassis port interfaces have 42 extra bytes of Virtual Chassis-specific header data, which reduces their maximum MTU (payload) size to 9150 bytes. The user data packet is transmitted in its entirety across the Virtual Chassis port interface. However, because packet fragmentation and reassembly is not supported on Virtual Chassis port interfaces, user data packets that exceed 9150 bytes are discarded at the Virtual Chassis egress port.

  • When using a channelized configuration on MPC7E MRATE, MPC8E MRATE, or a MPC9E MRATE PIC QSFP interfaces for VCP connections between members, you must configure a VCP interface on channel 0 of each QSFP interface to activate the port.

Release History Table
Release
Description
14.1
Starting with Junos OS Release 14.1, you can preconfigure ports that are currently unavailable for use.