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damping (Protocols BGP)


Hierarchy Level


Enable route flap damping. BGP route flapping describes the situation in which BGP systems send an excessive number of update messages to advertise network reachability information. Flap damping reduces the number of update messages sent between BGP peers, thereby reducing the load on these peers, without adversely affecting the route convergence time for stable routes.

You typically apply flap damping to external BGP (EBGP) routes (that is, to routes in different ASs). You can also apply it within a confederation, between confederation member ASs. Because routing consistency within an AS is important, do not apply flap damping to internal BGP (IBGP) routes. (If you do, it is ignored.) The exception to this rule is when flap damping is applied at the address family level. When you apply flap damping at the address family level, it works for both IBGP and EBGP.


Flap damping is disabled on the routing device.

Required Privilege Level

routing—To view this statement in the configuration.

routing-control—To add this statement to the configuration.

Release Information

Statement introduced before Junos OS Release 7.4.

Support for flap damping at the address family level introduced in Junos OS Release 12.2.