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Maintaining the SRX4600 Cables and Connectors

Maintaining SRX4600 Services Gateway Network Cables

Purpose

For optimum services gateway performance, verify the condition of the network cables.

Action

On a regular basis:

  • Secure excess cable in tidy loops that do not obstruct access to the services gateway. Do not allow fastened loops of cable to dangle from the connector, because this stresses the cable at the fastening point. Putting fasteners on the loops helps maintain their shape.

  • Keep the cable connections clean and free of dust and other particles, which can cause drops in the received power level. Always inspect cables and clean them if necessary before connecting an interface.

  • Label both ends of the cables to identify them.

How to Handle Fiber-Optic Cables

Fiber-optic cables connect to optical transceivers that are installed in Juniper Networks devices.

To maintain fiber-optic cables:

  • When you unplug a fiber-optic cable from a transceiver, place rubber safety caps over the transceiver and on the end of the cable.

  • Anchor fiber-optic cables to prevent stress on the connectors. When attaching a fiber-optic cable to a transceiver, be sure to secure the fiber-optic cable so that it does not support its own weight as it hangs to the floor. Never let a fiber-optic cable hang free from the connector.

  • Avoid bending fiber-optic cables beyond their minimum bend radius. Bending fiber-optic cables into arcs smaller than a few inches in diameter can damage the cables and cause problems that are difficult to diagnose.

  • Frequent plugging and unplugging of fiber-optic cables in and out of optical instruments can damage the instruments, which are expensive to repair. Attach a short fiber extension to the optical equipment. Any wear and tear due to frequent plugging and unplugging is then absorbed by the short fiber extension, which is easier and less expensive to replace than the instruments.

  • Keep fiber-optic cable connections clean. Microdeposits of oil and dust in the canal of the transceiver or cable connector can cause loss of light, reduction in signal power, and possibly intermittent problems with the optical connection.

    • To clean the transceiver canal, use an appropriate fiber-cleaning device such as RIFOCS Fiber Optic Adaptor Cleaning Wands (part number 946). Follow the instructions in the cleaning kit you use.

    • After cleaning the transceiver, make sure that the connector tip of the fiber-optic cable is clean. Use only an approved alcohol-free fiber-optic cable cleaning kit such as the Opptex Cletop-S®Fiber Cleaner. Follow the instructions in the cleaning kit you use.

Replacing Fibre Optic Cable on an SRX4600 Services Gateway

Disconnect a Fiber-Optic Cable

Before you disconnect a fiber-optic cable from an optical transceiver, ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions for safe handling of lasers. See Laser and LED Safety Guidelines and Warnings.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • A rubber safety cap to cover the transceiver

  • A rubber safety cap to cover the fiber-optic cable connector

Juniper Networks devices have optical transceivers to which you can connect fiber-optic cables.

To disconnect a fiber-optic cable from an optical transceiver installed in the device:

  1. Disable the port in which the transceiver is installed by issuing the following command:
    Laser Warning:

    Do not look directly into a fiber-optic transceiver or into the ends of fiber-optic cables. Fiber-optic transceivers and fiber-optic cables connected to transceivers emit laser light that can damage your eyes.

  2. Carefully unplug the fiber-optic cable connector from the transceiver.
  3. Cover the transceiver with a rubber safety cap.
    Laser Warning:

    Do not leave a fiber-optic transceiver uncovered except when inserting or removing a cable. The rubber safety cap keeps the port clean and prevents accidental exposure to laser light.

  4. Cover the fiber-optic cable connector with the rubber safety cap.

Connect a Fiber-Optic Cable

Before you connect a fiber-optic cable to an optical transceiver installed in a device, ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions for safe handling of lasers (see Laser and LED Safety Guidelines and Warnings).

To connect a fiber-optic cable to an optical transceiver installed in a device:

Laser Warning:

Do not look directly into a fiber-optic transceiver or into the ends of fiber-optic cables. Fiber-optic transceivers and fiber-optic cables connected to transceivers emit laser light that can damage your eyes.

  1. If the fiber-optic cable connector is covered with a rubber safety cap, remove the cap. Save the cap.
  2. Remove the rubber safety cap from the optical transceiver. Save the cap.
  3. Insert the cable connector into the optical transceiver (see Figure 1).
    Figure 1: Connect a Fiber-Optic Cable to an Optical Transceiver Installed in a DeviceConnect a Fiber-Optic Cable to an Optical Transceiver Installed in a Device
  4. Secure the cables so that they do not support their own weight. Place excess cable out of the way in a neatly coiled loop. Placing fasteners on a loop helps cables maintain their shape.
    CAUTION:

    Do not bend fiber-optic cables beyond their minimum bend radius. An arc smaller than a few inches in diameter can damage the cables and cause problems that are difficult to diagnose.

    Do not let fiber-optic cables hang free from the connector. Do not allow fastened loops of cables to dangle, which stresses the cables at the fastening point.

Replacing an SFP+ Transceiver on an SRX4600 Services Gateway

Small form-factor pluggable plus transceivers (SFP+) are enhanced SFP transceivers that provides support for data rates of up to 10 Gbps for fiber-optic or copper interfaces. SFP+ transceivers are hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable units (FRUs): You can remove and replace them without powering off the device or disrupting device functions.

Figure 2: Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) TransceiverSmall Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) Transceiver

Removing an SFP+ Transceiver

To remove an SFP+ transceiver:

  1. Have ready a replacement transceiver or a transceiver slot plug, an antistatic mat, and a rubber safety cap for the transceiver.
  2. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist, and connect the other end of the strap to an ESD grounding point.
  3. Label the cables connected to the transceiver so that you can reconnect them correctly later.
  4. Remove the cable connector from the transceiver. Immediately cover the transceiver and the end of the cable with a rubber safety cap.
    Laser Warning:

    Do not look directly into a fiber-optic transceiver or into the ends of fiber-optic cables. Fiber-optic transceivers and fiber-optic cables connected to a transceiver emit laser light that can damage your eyes.

  5. Pull the ejector handle out from the transceiver to unlock the transceiver.
    CAUTION:

    Make sure that you open the ejector handle completely until you hear it click. This prevents damage to the transceiver.

    Use needlenose pliers to pull the ejector handle out from the transceiver.

  6. Grasp the transceiver ejector handle, and pull the transceiver approximately 0.5 in. (1.3 cm) out of the interface port.
  7. Using your fingers, grasp the body of the transceiver, and pull it the rest of the way out of the interface port.
  8. Place a rubber safety cap over the transceiver.
  9. Place the removed transceiver on an antistatic mat or in an electrostatic bag.
CAUTION:

After removing a transceiver from the chassis, wait at least 30 seconds before reinserting it or inserting a transceiver into a different slot.

Installing an SFP+ Transceiver

To install an SFP+ transceiver:

  1. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist, and connect the other end of the strap to an ESD grounding point.
  2. Take each transceiver to be installed out of its electrostatic bag, and identify the slot on the component where it will be installed.
  3. Verify that each transceiver is covered by a rubber safety cap. If it is not, cover the transceiver with a safety cap.
  4. Carefully align the transceiver with the slots in the component. The connectors should face the component.
  5. Slide the transceiver until the connector is seated in the component slot. If you are unable to fully insert the transceiver, make sure the connector is facing the right way.
  6. Close the ejector handle of the transceiver.
  7. Remove the rubber safety cap from the transceiver and the end of the cable. Insert the cable into the transceiver.
    Laser Warning:

    Do not look directly into a fiber-optic transceiver or into the ends of fiber-optic cables. Fiber-optic transceivers and fiber-optic cables connected to a transceiver emit laser light that can damage your eyes.

Replacing a QSFP28 Transceiver on an SRX4600 Services Gateway

28-Gbps quad small form-factor pluggable (QSFP28) transceivers are hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable units (FRUs): You can remove and replace them without powering off the device or disrupting device functions.

Remove a QSFP28 Transceiver

Before you remove a transceiver from a device, ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions for safe handling of lasers (see Laser and LED Safety Guidelines and Warnings).

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • An antistatic bag or an antistatic mat

  • Rubber safety caps to cover the transceiver and fiber-optic cable connector

  • A dust cover to cover the port or a replacement transceiver

The transceivers for Juniper Networks devices are hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable units (FRUs). You can remove and replace them without powering off the device or disrupting the device functions.

Note:

After you insert a transceiver or after you change the media-type configuration, wait for 6 seconds for the interface to display operational commands.

Note:

We recommend that you use only optical transceivers and optical connectors purchased from Juniper Networks with your Juniper Networks device.

To remove a QSFP28 transceiver (see Figure 3):

  1. Place an antistatic bag or antistatic mat on a flat, stable surface to receive the QSFP28 transceiver. Have a rubber safety cap ready for the QSFP28 transceiver and the cable.
  2. Wrap and fasten one end of an ESD wrist strap around your bare wrist, and connect the other end of the strap to the ESD point on the switch.
  3. Label the cable connected to the QSFP28 transceiver so that you can later reconnect it to the correct QSFP28 transceiver.
  4. Disconnect the cable from the transceiver. Immediately cover the transceiver and the end of the cable with a rubber safety cap.
    CAUTION:

    Do not leave a fiber-optic transceiver uncovered except when inserting or removing a cable. The safety cap keeps the port clean and prevents accidental exposure to laser light.

  5. If there is a cable management system, arrange the cable in the cable management system to prevent it from dislodging or developing stress points. Secure the cable so that it does not support its own weight as it hangs to the floor. Place excess cable out of the way in a neatly coiled loop in the cable management system. Placing fasteners on the loop helps to maintain its shape.
    CAUTION:

    Do not bend the fiber-optic cable beyond its minimum bend radius. An arc smaller than a few inches in diameter can damage the cable and cause problems that are difficult to diagnose.

    Figure 3: Remove a QSFP28 TransceiverRemove a QSFP28 Transceiver
  6. Pull the ejector tab straight back. The locking pins on the transceiver automatically release the transceiver.
  7. Place the transceiver on the antistatic mat or in the antistatic bag.
  8. Place the dust cover over the empty port or install the replacement transceiver.

Install a QSFP28 Transceiver

Before you install a transceiver in a device, ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions for safe handling of lasers (see Laser and LED Safety Guidelines and Warnings).

Ensure that you have a rubber safety cap available to cover the transceiver.

The transceivers for Juniper Networks devices are hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable units (FRUs): You can remove and replace them without powering off the device or disrupting the device functions.

Note:

After you insert a transceiver or after you change the media-type configuration, wait for 6  seconds for the interface to display operational commands.

Note:

We recommend that you use only optical transceivers and optical connectors purchased from Juniper Networks with your Juniper Networks device.

CAUTION:

If you face a problem running a Juniper Networks device that uses a third-party optic or cable, the Juniper Networks Technical Assistance Center (JTAC) can help you diagnose the source of the problem. Your JTAC engineer might recommend that you check the third-party optic or cable and potentially replace it with an equivalent Juniper Networks optic or cable that is qualified for the device.

To install a QSFP28 transceiver (see Figure 4):

  1. Wrap and fasten one end of the ESD wrist strap around your bare wrist, and connect the other end of the strap to the ESD point on the switch.
  2. Verify that a rubber safety cap covers the QSFP28 transceiver.
  3. Orient the transceiver in front of the port so that the QSFP28 connector faces the appropriate direction.
    Figure 4: Install a QSFP28 TransceiverInstall a QSFP28 Transceiver
  4. Slide the transceiver into the slot until the locking pins lock in place. If there is resistance, remove the transceiver and flip it so that the connector faces the other direction.
  5. Remove the rubber safety cap from the transceiver and the end of the cable, and insert the cable into the transceiver.
    Laser Warning:

    Do not look directly into a fiber-optic transceiver or into the ends of fiber-optic cables. Fiber-optic transceivers and fiber-optic cable connected to a transceiver emit laser light that can damage your eyes.

    CAUTION:

    Do not leave a fiber-optic transceiver uncovered except when inserting or removing cable. The safety cap keeps the port clean and prevents accidental exposure to laser light.

  6. If there is a cable management system, arrange the cable in the cable management system to prevent the cable from dislodging or developing stress points. Secure the cable so that it does not support its own weight as it hangs to the floor. Place excess cable out of the way in a neatly coiled loop in the cable management system. Placing fasteners on the loop helps to maintain its shape.
    CAUTION:

    Do not let fiber-optic cable hang free from the connector. Do not allow fastened loops of cable to dangle, which stresses the cable at the fastening point.

    CAUTION:

    Avoid bending fiber-optic cable beyond its minimum bend radius. An arc smaller than a few inches in diameter can damage the cable and cause problems that are difficult to diagnose.