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Connect the QFX5100 to Power

Connecting Earth Ground to a QFX5100 Device

To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the QFX5100 device to earth ground before you connect it to power.

For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, you must attach a protective earthing terminal bracket on the QFX5100 device left front mounting bracket to connect to the earth ground (see Figure 1).

Before you connect earth ground to the protective earthing terminal of a QFX5100 device, ensure that a licensed electrician has attached an appropriate grounding lug to the grounding cable.

CAUTION:

Using a grounding cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch.

Note:

Mount your switch in the rack or cabinet before attaching the grounding lug to the switch. See Mount a QFX5100 Device in a Rack or Cabinet.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • Protective earthing terminal bracket—This bracket attaches to the QFX5100 switch chassis through the left front mounting bracket, providing a protective earthing terminal for the switch.

  • Grounding cable for your QFX5100 device—The grounding cable must be 14 AWG (2 mm²), minimum 90° C wire, or as permitted by the local code.

  • Grounding lug for your grounding cable—The grounding lug required is a Panduit LCD10-10A-L or equivalent.

  • Two SAE 10-32 washers and screws—To attach the grounding lug to the protective earthing terminal.

  • Screwdriver to attach the screws.

An AC-powered QFX5100 switch chassis gains additional grounding when you plug the power supply in the switch into a grounded AC power outlet by using an AC power cord appropriate for your geographical location. See AC Power Cord Specifications for a QFX Series Device.

To connect earth ground to a QFX5100 device:

  1. Attach one end of the grounding cable to an appropriate earth ground site, such as the mounting rack.
  2. Position the grounding lug over the protective earthing terminal on the side of the chassis, which is visible through the mounting bracket.
  3. Secure the grounding lug to the protective earthing terminal with the washers and screws. See Figure 1 and Figure 2.
    Figure 1: Connecting a Grounding Cable to a 1 U QFX5100 DeviceConnecting a Grounding Cable to a 1 U QFX5100 Device
    Figure 2: Connecting a Grounding Cable to the 2 U QFX5100-96S DeviceConnecting a Grounding Cable to the 2 U QFX5100-96S Device
  4. Dress the grounding cable and ensure that it does not touch or block access to other device components and that it does not drape where people could trip over it.

Connecting AC Power to a QFX5100 Device

Ensure that you have a power cord appropriate for your geographical location available to connect AC power to the switch.

Before you begin connecting AC power to the switch:

  • Ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage (see Prevention of Electrostatic Discharge Damage).

  • Ensure that you have connected the switch chassis to earth ground.

    CAUTION:

    Before you connect power to the switch, a licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch (for example, by causing a short circuit).

    To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the chassis to earth ground before you connect it to power. For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, use the protective earthing terminal on the switch chassis to connect to the earth ground. For instructions on connecting earth ground, see Connecting Earth Ground to a QFX5100 Device. The switch gains additional grounding when you plug the power supply in the switch into a grounded AC power outlet by using the AC power cord appropriate for your geographical location (see AC Power Supply for a QFX5100 Device).

  • Install the power supply in the chassis. For instructions on installing a power supply in a QFX5100 device, see Installing a Power Supply in a QFX5100 Device.

The QFX5100 is shipped from the factory with two power supplies. Each power supply is a hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable unit (FRU) when the second power supply is installed and running. You can install replacement power supplies in the two slots next to the fan modules without powering off the switch or disrupting the switching function.

Note:

Each power supply must be connected to a dedicated power source outlet.

To connect AC power to a QFX5100 device:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis and the latches are secure. If only one power supply is installed, ensure a that blank cover panel is installed over the second power supply slot.
  3. Locate the power cord or cords shipped with the switch; the cords have plugs appropriate for your geographical location. See AC Power Cord Specifications for a QFX Series Device.
    Warning:

    Ensure that the power cord does not block access to device components or drape where people can trip on it.

  4. Connect each power supply to the power sources. Insert the coupler end of the power cord into the AC power cord inlet on the AC power supply faceplate.
  5. Push the power cord retainer onto the power cord (see Figure 3 and Figure 4).
    Figure 3: Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 1 U QFX5100 DeviceConnecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 1 U QFX5100 Device
      1

    Power cord retainer

     
    Figure 4: Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 2 U QFX5100 DeviceConnecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 2 U QFX5100 Device
  6. If the AC power source outlet has a power switch, set it to the OFF (O) position.
    Note:

    The switch powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power switch on the device.

  7. Insert the power cord plug into an AC power source outlet.
  8. If the AC power source outlet has a power switch, set it to the ON (|) position.
  9. Verify that the AC and DC LEDs on each power supply are lit green.

    If the amber fault LED is lit, remove power from the power supply, and replace the power supply (see Removing a Power Supply from a QFX5100 Device ). Do not remove the power supply until you have a replacement power supply ready: the power supplies or a blank cover panel must be installed in the switch to ensure proper airflow.

    CAUTION:

    Replace a failed power supply with a blank panel or new power supply within 1 minute of removal to prevent chassis overheating.

    CAUTION:

    A system reboot with Routing Engine FPGA version 7.1 might not successfully boot the Junos OS software. In case of a system reboot failure, you need to power cycle the switch. To check the current FPGA version, issue the show chassis firmware command.

Connecting DC Power to a QFX5100 Device

Before you begin connecting DC power to the switch:

  • Ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage (see Prevention of Electrostatic Discharge Damage).

  • Ensure that you have connected the switch chassis to earth ground.

    CAUTION:

    Before you connect power to the switch, a licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch (for example, by causing a short circuit).

    To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the chassis to earth ground before you connect it to power. For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, use the protective earthing terminal on the switch chassis to connect to the earth ground. For instructions on connecting earth ground, see Connecting Earth Ground to a QFX5100 Device.

  • Install the power supply in the chassis. For instructions on installing a power supply in a QFX5100 device, see Installing a Power Supply in a QFX5100 Device.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • DC power source cables (14–16 AWG) with ring lug (Molex 190700069 or equivalent) (not provided)

  • Phillips (+) screwdriver, number 2 (not provided)

  • Multimeter (not provided)

The QFX5100 is shipped from the factory with two power supplies. Each power supply is a hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable unit (FRU) when the second power supply is installed and running. You can install replacement power supplies in the two slots next to the fan modules without powering off the switch or disrupting the switching function.

Warning:

DC-powered QFX5100 devices are intended for installation only in a restricted access location.

Note:

The battery returns of the DC power supply must be connected as an isolated DC return (DC-I).

To connect DC power to a QFX5100 device:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Verify that the DC power cables are correctly labeled before making connections to the power supply. In a typical power distribution scheme where the return is connected to chassis ground at the battery plant, you can use a multimeter to verify the resistance of the –48V and RTN DC cables to chassis ground:
    • The cable with very low resistance (indicating a closed circuit) to chassis ground is positive (+) and will be installed on the V+ (return) DC power input terminal.

    • The cable with very high resistance (indicating an open circuit) to chassis ground is negative (–) and will be installed on the V– (input) DC power input terminal.

    CAUTION:

    You must ensure that power connections maintain the proper polarity. The power source cables might be labeled (+) and (–) to indicate their polarity. There is no standard color coding for DC power cables. The color coding used by the external DC power source at your site determines the color coding for the leads on the power cables that attach to the DC power input terminals on each power supply.

  3. Ensure that the input circuit breaker is open so that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that the cable leads do not become active while you are connecting DC power.
    Note:

    The V+ terminals are referred to as +RTN, and V– terminals are referred to as –48 V in DC Power Wiring Sequence Warning and DC Power Electrical Safety Guidelines.

  4. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis.
  5. Remove the terminal block cover. The terminal block cover is a piece of clear plastic that snaps into place over the terminal block (see Figure 5).
  6. Remove the screws on the terminals using the screwdriver. Save the screws.
    Warning:

    Ensure that the power cables do not block access to device components or drape where people can trip on them.

  7. Connect each power supply to the power sources. Secure power source cables to the power supplies by screwing the ring lugs attached to the cables to the appropriate terminals by using the screw from the terminals (see Figure 5 and Figure 6 ).

    The QFX5100 is designed to operate with a DC power supply that has a single, non-redundant, feed input. For source redundancy, two DC power supplies must be installed in QFX5100; connect source (A) to one power supply and connect source (B) to the second power supply. This configuration provides the commonly deployed A/B feed redundancy for the system.

    The terminal block of the power supply has four terminals labeled V+, V+, V–, and V– for connecting DC power source cables labeled positive (+) and negative (–). The V+ terminals are shunted internally together, as are the V- terminals.

    CAUTION:

    The connection between each power source and power supply must include a circuit breaker.

    Do not connect two sources to a single power supply because doing so can potentially cause circulating current in feed wires whenever there is any difference in the voltage of the two sources.

    Note:

    For QFX5100-96S installations using battery backup, a single 15 A circuit breaker is recommended.

    1. Secure the ring lug of the positive (+) DC power source cable to the V+ terminal on the DC power supply.
    2. Secure the ring lug of the negative (–) DC power source cable to the V– terminal on the DC power supply.
    3. Tighten the screws on the power supply terminals until snug using the screwdriver. Do not overtighten—apply between 5 in-lb (0.56 Nm) and 6 in-lb (0.68 Nm) of torque to the screws.
    Figure 5: DC Power Supply Faceplate for a QFX5100 DeviceDC Power Supply Faceplate for a QFX5100 Device
      1

    Shunt negative input terminals (-48V)

      5

    ESD grounding point

      2

    Shunt positive input terminals (+RTN)

      6

    Fault LED

      3

    Terminal block

      7

    Output LED

      4

    Ejector lever

      8

    Input LED

    CAUTION:

    The V+ terminals are shunted internally together, as are the V- terminals. The same polarity terminal can be wired together from the same source to provide an additional current path in a higher power chassis. Do not connect the terminals to different sources.

    Figure 6: Securing Ring Lugs to the Terminals on the QFX5100 DC Power SupplySecuring Ring Lugs to the Terminals on the QFX5100 DC Power Supply
  8. Replace the terminal block cover.
  9. Close the input circuit breaker.
    Note:

    The switch powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power switch on the device.

  10. Verify that the IN and OUT LEDs on the power supply are lit green and are on steadily.
    CAUTION:

    A system reboot with Routing Engine FPGA version 7.1 might not successfully boot the Junos OS software. In case of a system reboot failure, you need to power cycle the switch. To check the current FPGA version, issue the show chassis firmware command.