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Connecting the ACX5048 and ACX5096 to Power

Connecting the ACX5000 Router to Earth Ground

To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the ACX5000 router to earth ground before you connect it to power.

For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, you must attach a protective earthing terminal bracket on the ACX5000 router left front mounting bracket to connect to the earth ground (see Figure 1).

Before you connect earth ground to the protective earthing terminal of a ACX5000 router, ensure that a licensed electrician has attached an appropriate grounding lug to the grounding cable.

You must install the ACX5000 router in a restricted-access location and ensure that the chassis is always properly grounded. The ACX5000 router has a two-hole protective grounding terminal provided on the chassis. See Figure 1 and Figure 2. We recommend that you use this protective grounding terminal as the preferred method for grounding the chassis regardless of the power supply configuration. However, if additional grounding methods are available, you can also use those methods. For example, you can use the grounding wire in the AC power cord or use the grounding terminal or lug on a DC power supply. This tested system meets or exceeds all applicable EMC regulatory requirements with the two-hole protective grounding terminal.

CAUTION:

Using a grounding cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the router.

Note:

Mount your router in the rack or cabinet before attaching the grounding lug to the router. See Mounting an ACX5000 Router in a Rack or Cabinet.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • Protective earthing terminal bracket—This bracket attaches to the router chassis through the left front mounting bracket, providing a protective earthing terminal for the router.

  • Grounding cable for your router—The grounding cable must be 14 AWG (2 mm²), minimum 90° C wire, or as permitted by the local code.

  • Grounding lug for your grounding cable—The grounding lug required is a Panduit LCD10-10A-L or equivalent.

  • Two M4 hex nuts with integrated washers—Two nuts and washers are used to secure the grounding lug to the grounding lug bracket protective earthing terminal. Four nuts are provided in the accessory kit.

  • 7-mm wrench or socket with driver to attach the two nuts.

An AC-powered ACX5000 router chassis gains additional grounding when you plug the power supply in the router into a grounded AC power outlet by using an AC power cord appropriate for your geographical location. See AC Power Cord Specifications for an ACX5000 Router.

To connect earth ground to a ACX5000 router:

  1. Secure the provided protective earthing terminal bracket through the ACX5000 router mounting bracket to the chassis with the nut provided. The posts on the protective earthing terminal bracket should point to the left. See Figure 1 and Figure 2.
    Figure 1: Connecting a Grounding Cable to a 1 U ACX5048Connecting a Grounding Cable to a 1 U ACX5048
    Figure 2: Connecting a Grounding Cable to the 2 U ACX5096Connecting a Grounding Cable to the 2 U ACX5096
  2. Connect one end of the grounding cable to a proper earth ground, such as the rack in which the router is mounted.
  3. Place the grounding lug attached to the grounding cable over the protective earthing terminal on the protective earthing terminal bracket.
  4. Secure the grounding lug to the protective earthing terminal with two nuts.
  5. Dress the grounding cable and ensure that it does not touch or block access to other device components and that it does not drape where people could trip over it.

Connecting AC Power to an ACX5000 Router

Ensure that you have a power cord appropriate for your geographical location available to connect AC power to the router.

Before you begin connecting AC power to the router:

  • Ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage (see Prevention of Electrostatic Discharge Damage).

  • Ensure that you have connected the router chassis to earth ground.

    CAUTION:

    Before you connect power to the router, a licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the router (for example, by causing a short circuit).

    To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the chassis to earth ground before you connect it to power. For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, use the protective earthing terminal on the router chassis to connect to the earth ground. For instructions on connecting earth ground, see Connecting the ACX5000 Router to Earth Ground. The router gains additional grounding when you plug the power supply in the router into a grounded AC power outlet by using the AC power cord appropriate for your geographical location (see AC Power Supply for an ACX5000 Router).

  • Install the power supply in the chassis. For instructions on installing a power supply in a ACX5000 router, see Installing a Power Supply in an ACX5000 Router.

The power supply in an ACX5000 router is a hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable unit (FRU). You can remove and replace it without powering off the router or disrupting routing functions.

Note:

Each power supply must be connected to a dedicated power source outlet.

To connect AC power to an ACX5000 router:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis and the latches are secure. If only one power supply is installed, ensure a that blank cover panel is installed over the second power supply slot.
  3. Locate the power cord or cords shipped with the router; the cords have plugs appropriate for your geographical location. See AC Power Cord Specifications for an ACX5000 Router.
    Warning:

    Ensure that the power cord does not block access to device components or drape where people can trip on it.

  4. Connect each power supply to the power sources. Insert the coupler end of the power cord into the AC power cord inlet on the AC power supply faceplate.
  5. Push the power cord retainer onto the power cord (see Figure 3 and Figure 4).
    Figure 3: Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 1 U ACX5048Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 1 U ACX5048
      1

    Power cord retainer

     
    Figure 4: Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 2 U ACX5096Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a 2 U ACX5096
  6. If the AC power source outlet has a power router, set it to the OFF (O) position.
    Note:

    The router powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power router on the device.

  7. Insert the power cord plug into an AC power source outlet.
  8. If the AC power source outlet has a power router, set it to the ON (|) position.
  9. Verify that the AC and DC LEDs on each power supply are lit green.

    If the amber fault LED is lit, remove power from the power supply, and replace the power supply (see Removing a Power Supply from an ACX5000 Router). Do not remove the power supply until you have a replacement power supply ready: the power supplies or a blank cover panel must be installed in the router to ensure proper airflow.

    CAUTION:

    Replace a failed power supply with a blank panel or new power supply within 1 minute of removal to prevent chassis overheating.

    CAUTION:

    A system reboot with Routing Engine FPGA version 7.1 might not successfully boot the Junos OS software. In case of a system reboot failure, you need to power cycle the router. To check the current FPGA version, issue the show chassis firmware command.

Connecting DC Power to an ACX5000 Router

Before you begin connecting DC power to the router:

  • Ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage (see Prevention of Electrostatic Discharge Damage).

  • Ensure that you have connected the router chassis to earth ground.

    CAUTION:

    Before you connect power to the router, a licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the router (for example, by causing a short circuit).

    To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the chassis to earth ground before you connect it to power. For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, use the protective earthing terminal on the router chassis to connect to the earth ground. For instructions on connecting earth ground, see Connecting the ACX5000 Router to Earth Ground.

  • Install the power supply in the chassis. For instructions on installing a power supply in a ACX5000 router, see Installing a Power Supply in an ACX5000 Router.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • DC power source cables (14–16 AWG) with ring lug (Molex 190700069 or equivalent) (not provided)

  • Phillips (+) screwdriver, number 2 (not provided)

  • Multimeter (not provided)

The power supply in an ACX5000 router is a hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable unit (FRU). You can remove and replace it without powering off the router or disrupting routing functions.

Warning:

DC-powered ACX5000 routers are intended for installation only in a restricted access location.

Note:

The battery returns of the DC power supply must be connected as an isolated DC return (DC-I).

To connect DC power to an ACX5000 router:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Verify that the DC power cables are correctly labeled before making connections to the power supply. In a typical power distribution scheme where the return is connected to chassis ground at the battery plant, you can use a multimeter to verify the resistance of the –48V and RTN DC cables to chassis ground:
    • The cable with very low resistance (indicating a closed circuit) to chassis ground is positive (+) and will be installed on the V+ (return) DC power input terminal.

    • The cable with very high resistance (indicating an open circuit) to chassis ground is negative (–) and will be installed on the V– (input) DC power input terminal.

    CAUTION:

    You must ensure that power connections maintain the proper polarity. The power source cables might be labeled (+) and (–) to indicate their polarity. There is no standard color coding for DC power cables. The color coding used by the external DC power source at your site determines the color coding for the leads on the power cables that attach to the DC power input terminals on each power supply.

  3. Ensure that the input circuit breaker is open so that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that the cable leads do not become active while you are connecting DC power.
    Note:

    The V+ terminals are referred to as +RTN, and V– terminals are referred to as –48 V in DC Power Wiring Sequence Warning and ACX5000 DC Power Electrical Safety Guidelines and Warnings.

  4. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis.
  5. Remove the terminal block cover. The terminal block cover is a piece of clear plastic that snaps into place over the terminal block (see Figure 5).
  6. Remove the screws on the terminals using the screwdriver. Save the screws.
    Warning:

    Ensure that the power cables do not block access to device components or drape where people can trip on them.

  7. Connect each power supply to the power sources. Secure power source cables to the power supplies by screwing the ring lugs attached to the cables to the appropriate terminals by using the screw from the terminals (see Figure 5 and Figure 6 ).

    The ACX5000 is designed to operate with a DC power supply that has a single, non-redundant, feed input. For source redundancy, two DC power supplies must be installed in ACX5000; connect source (A) to one power supply and connect source (B) to the second power supply. This configuration provides the commonly deployed A/B feed redundancy for the system.

    The terminal block of the power supply has four terminals labeled V+, V+, V–, and V– for connecting DC power source cables labeled positive (+) and negative (–). The V+ terminals are shunted internally together, as are the V- terminals.

    CAUTION:

    The connection between each power source and power supply must include a circuit breaker.

    Do not connect two sources to a single power supply because doing so can potentially cause circulating current in feed wires whenever there is any difference in the voltage of the two sources.

    1. Secure the ring lug of the positive (+) DC power source cable to the V+ terminal on the DC power supply.
    2. Secure the ring lug of the negative (–) DC power source cable to the V– terminal on the DC power supply.
    3. Tighten the screws on the power supply terminals until snug using the screwdriver. Do not overtighten—apply between 5 in-lb (0.56 Nm) and 6 in-lb (0.68 Nm) of torque to the screws.
    Figure 5: DC Power Supply Faceplate for a ACX5000 RouterDC Power Supply Faceplate for a ACX5000 Router
      1

    Shunt negative input terminals (+RTN)

      5

    ESD grounding point

      2

    Shunt positive input terminals (–48V)

      6

    Fault LED

      3

    Terminal block

      7

    Output LED

      4

    Ejector lever

      8

    Input LED

    CAUTION:

    The V+ terminals are shunted internally together, as are the V– terminals. The same polarity terminal can be wired together from the same source to provide an additional current path in a higher power chassis. Do not connect the terminals to different sources.

    Figure 6: Securing Ring Lugs to the Terminals on the ACX5000 DC Power SupplySecuring Ring Lugs to the Terminals on the ACX5000 DC Power Supply
  8. Replace the terminal block cover.
  9. Close the input circuit breaker.
    Note:

    The switch powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power switch on the device.

  10. Verify that the IN and OUT LEDs on the power supply are lit green and are on steadily.
    CAUTION:

    A system reboot with Routing Engine FPGA version 7.1 might not successfully boot the Junos OS software. In case of a system reboot failure, you need to power cycle the switch. To check the current FPGA version, issue the show chassis firmware command.