Understanding vSRX with VMware

This section presents an overview of vSRX on KVM.

vSRX Overview

vSRX is a virtual security appliance that provides security and networking services at the perimeter or edge in virtualized private or public cloud environments. vSRX runs as a virtual machine (VM) on a standard x86 server. vSRX is built on the Junos operating system (Junos OS) and delivers networking and security features similar to those available on the software releases for the SRX Series Services Gateways.

The vSRX provides you with a complete Next-Generation Firewall (NGFW) solution, including core firewall, VPN, NAT, advanced Layer 4 through Layer 7 security services such as Application Security, intrusion detection and prevention (IPS), and UTM features including Enhanced Web Filtering and Anti-Virus. Combined with Sky ATP, the vSRX offers a cloud-based advanced anti-malware service with dynamic analysis to protect against sophisticated malware, and provides built-in machine learning to improve verdict efficacy and decrease time to remediation.

Figure 1 shows the high-level architecture for vSRX.

Figure 1: vSRX Architecture

vSRX Architecture

vSRX includes the Junos control plane (JCP) and the packet forwarding engine (PFE) components that make up the data plane. vSRX uses one virtual CPU (vCPU) for the JCP and at least one vCPU for the PFE. Starting in Junos OS Release 15.1X49-D70 and Junos OS Release 17.3R1, multi-core vSRX supports scaling vCPUs and GB virtual RAM (vRAM). Additional vCPUs are applied to the data plane to increase performance.

vSRX Benefits and Use Cases

vSRX on standard x86 servers enables you to quickly introduce new services, deliver customized services to customers, and scale security services based on dynamic needs. vSRX is ideal for public, private, and hybrid cloud environments.

Some of the key benefits of vSRX in a virtualized private or public cloud multitenant environment include:

  • Stateful firewall protection at the tenant edge

  • Faster deployment of virtual firewalls into new sites

  • Ability to run on top of various hypervisors and public cloud infrastructures

  • Full routing, VPN, core security, and networking capabilities

  • Application security features (including IPS and App-Secure)

  • Content security features (including Anti Virus, Web Filtering, Anti Spam, and Content Filtering)

  • Centralized management with Junos Space Security Director and local management with J-Web Interface

  • Juniper Networks Sky Advanced Threat Prevention (Sky ATP) integration

vSRX on VMWare

VMware vSphere is a virtualization environment for systems supporting the x86 architecture. VMware ESXi® is the hypervisor used to create and run virtual machines (VMs) and virtual appliances on a host machine. The VMware vCenter Server® is a service that manages the resources of multiple ESXi hosts.

The VMware vSphere Web Client is used to deploy the vSRX VM.

Figure 2 shows an example of how vSRX can be deployed to provide security for applications running on one or more virtual machines. The vSRX virtual switch has a connection to a physical adapter (the uplink) so that all application traffic flows through the vSRX VM to the external network.

Figure 2: Example of vSRX Deployment

Example of vSRX Deployment

vSRX Scale Up Performance

Table 1 shows the vSRX scale up performance based on the number of vCPUs and vRAM applied to a vSRX VM. The table outlines the Junos OS release in which a particular software specification for deploying vSRX on VMware was introduced. You will need to download a specific Junos OS release to take advantage of certain scale up performance features.

Table 1: vSRX Scale Up Performance




Junos OS Release Introduced

2 vCPUs

4 GB

  • SR-IOV (Intel 82599, X520/X540)

  • VMNET3

Junos OS Release 15.1X49-D15 and Junos OS Release 17.3R1

5 vCPUs

8 GB


Junos OS Release 15.1X49-D70 and Junos OS Release 17.3R1

You can scale the performance and capacity of a vSRX instance by increasing the number of vCPUs or the amount of vRAM allocated to the vSRX. The multi-core vSRX automatically selects the appropriate vCPUs and vRAM values at boot time, as well as the number of Receive Side Scaling (RSS) queues in the NIC. If the vCPU or vRAM setting allocated to a vSRX VM does not match what is currently available, the vSRX scales down to the closest supported value for the instance. For example, if a vSRX VM has 3 vCPUs and 8 GB of vRAM, vSRX boots to the smaller vCPU size, which requires a minimum of 2 vCPUs. You can scale up a vSRX instance to a higher number of vCPUs or amount of vRAM, but you cannot scale down an existing vSRX instance to a smaller setting.

Note: The number of RSS queues typically matches with the number of data plane vCPUs of a vSRX instance. For example, a vSRX with 4 data plane vCPUs should have 4 RSS queues.

Release History Table

Starting in Junos OS Release 15.1X49-D70 and Junos OS Release 17.3R1, multi-core vSRX supports scaling vCPUs and GB virtual RAM (vRAM). Additional vCPUs are applied to the data plane to increase performance.

Modified: 2018-04-11