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    Configuring Standard Configuration Options

    After the initial setup, continue configuring typical options, including the following tasks. Follow the setup prompts on the main menu to set or modify these options. Your configuration options (with the exception of any password changes) will not take effect until you apply the changes.

    Run nsm_setup to access these options on the NSM4000 appliance settings menu:

    Changing the Password

    To change your password:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance settings menu, enter 1 at the prompt.
    2. Enter y when prompted to change the password for an admin user.
    3. Type the new password and press Enter.
    4. Retype the new password and press Enter.

    Your password is changed and the setup program returns you to the NSM4000 appliance settings menu.

    Setting Interface Options

    The NSM4000 appliance has four ethernet ports labeled 0, 1, 2, and 3. During initial setup, you specify the eth0 interface options. Use this menu to set interface options for any interface.

    Note: If you are going to use another link, you need to configure an IP address for the corresponding interface using this setting.

    To set or modify interface options:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 2 at the prompt. The menu shows the existing status of each interface.
    2. Set or modify options for one of the interfaces by selecting one of the following options:
      • 1 to modify eth0
      • 2 to set or modify eth1
      • 3 to set or modify eth2
      • 4 to set or modify eth3
    3. Make the following selection for interface options by selecting one of the following options:
      • 1 to change the IP address and return to the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu
      • 2 to go to the next step
    4. Make the following selection for physical parameters (such as interface speed) by selecting one of the following options:
      • 1 to set the auto-negotiate option and return to the main menu
      • 2 to set the physical parameters manually and go to the next step
    5. Select the interface speed by entering one of the following options:
      • 1 for 10 Mbps and go to the next step
      • 2 for 100 Mbps and go to the next step
      • 3 for 1000 Mbps and go to the next step
    6. Enter 1 for full duplex or 2 for half duplex, and then return to the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu.

    Setting Routing Options

    To set or modify routing options:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 3 at the prompt.
    2. Enter one of the following options:
      • 1 to change default gateway options.

        Follow the prompts to change the IP address of the default gateway and return to the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu.

      • 2 to change the static routing options.

    Follow the prompts to add a new static route and return to the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu.

    Changing the NSM4000 Appliance Hostname

    To change the hostname:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 4 at the prompt.
    2. Enter y at the verification prompt to continue.
    3. Enter the new hostname and press Enter to return to the settings menu.

      Note: If a hostname consisting of 4 or more labels is changed to a different hostname, also with 4 or more labels, the previous hostname alias might remain in the /etc/hosts file. This condition can be corrected by manually editing the /etc/hosts file.

    Adding DNS Servers

    You can add up to three DNS servers. Enter each one using dotted decimal notation. Each addition returns you to the main menu. If you want to add more DNS servers, repeat the following procedure.

    To add the DNS servers:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 5 at the prompt.
    2. Enter 1 to add a name server.
    3. When prompted, enter the new name server in dotted decimal notation.

    Setting the System Time

    You can change time zones or the Network Time Protocol (NTP) configuration. The default time zone is set for Pacific Standard Time (PST)/Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Select time zones in the following order:

    • Continent or ocean
    • Country
    • Region

    Note: NTP is disabled by default. We recommend that you enable this option to ensure that the time is always accurate.

    To change time options:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 6 at the prompt.
    2. Enter 1 to change the time zone.

      Follow the prompts to find the time zone you want based on the options listed earlier. The final selection returns you to the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu.

    3. Enter 2 to set NTP servers.

      NTP servers automatically set the system clock based on external time sources.

    4. Enter one of the following values at the prompt:
      • 1 to enable or disable NTP.
      • 2 to add an NTP server.

      The remaining numbered options allow you to remove an NTP server from the list.

    5. Follow the prompts to enable, set, or delete the NTP servers and return to the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu.

    Forwarding Local Status E-Mails

    You can use this option to forward all local root e-mail messages to an e-mail address. You can add an unlimited number of e-mail addresses in addition to mailing lists to help manage large numbers of recipients.

    To set the Forward Local Status:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 7 at the prompt.
    2. Enter 1 to add or change the recipient.
    3. Enter 2 to remove the recipient.

    Updating System Security

    System security updates are NSM4000 appliance operating system-level patches that protect the system against any future reported security vulnerabilities. The NSM4000 appliance checks for new updates daily by connecting to Juniper Networks.

    To manage system security updates:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 8 at the prompt.
    2. Enter one of the following values to select the option:
      • 1 to check for and install security updates now.
      • 2 to enable or disable automatic security updates.
      • 3 to check for and install the latest available NSM4000 appliance version.
      • 4 to set the proxy for security update check.
    3. Follow the prompts to manage security updates and then return to the NSM appliance Settings menu.

    Configuring Extended HA

    The extended high availability configuration is the most extensive and complex configuration but has the greatest protection against component failure. A failure of the primary Device server would cause failover to the standby Device server. This new Device server would attempt connection with the primary GUI server. Failure of a GUI server would also cause failover to the standby GUI server. The current Device server would attempt to connect to the standby GUI server after a timeout period. In this configuration the failure of a single component has minimal impact on the system as a whole. In addition, the distributed system gives each service more system resource.

    To configure extended HA:

    1. On the NSM4000 appliance Settings menu, enter 10 at the prompt.
    2. The serial console displays the following warning:

      WARNING: Configuring for Extended HA will clean the existing build completely Do you want to continue(y/n):

    3. Enter y to continue with the extended HA configuration.

    For additional details about configuring extended HA, see the Network and Security Manager Installation Guide.

    Saving Setup Options

    Before you configure the regional server, the NSM4000 appliance opens the Apply Change submenu. If you quit out of a menu after making changes, he NSM4000 appliance also opens this screen and prompts you to save your changes. Updates are enabled by default.

    You have three options for saving changes:

    • At the prompt, enter one of the following menu options:
      • A to apply all the new changes.
      • M to make more changes before configuring the regional server.
      • C to cancel all new changes and quit the NSM4000 appliance setup program. After you cancel a change, the Change Apply submenu reappears.
    • Enter the number next to a displayed change to cancel only the selected change.
    • Highlight one of the options you modified and delete it.

    Modified: 2015-06-24