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Connecting the QFX5200 to Power

 

Connect the QFX5200 to Earth Ground

You must install the QFX5200 in a restricted-access location and ensure that the chassis is always properly grounded. The QFX5200 has a two-hole protective grounding terminal provided on the chassis. See Figure 1. We recommend that you use this protective grounding terminal as the preferred method for grounding the chassis regardless of the power supply configuration. However, if additional grounding methods are available, you can also use those methods. For example, you can use the grounding wire in the power cord for AC power or use the grounding terminal or lug on a DC power supply. This tested system meets or exceeds all applicable EMC regulatory requirements with the two-hole protective grounding terminal.

Caution

Ensure that a licensed electrician has attached an appropriate grounding lug to the grounding cable that you supply. Using a grounding cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch (for example by causing a short circuit.)

Note

Mount your switch in the rack or cabinet before attaching the grounding lug to the switch. See Mounting a QFX5200 in a Rack or Cabinet.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • Grounding cable for your QFX5200 device—The grounding cable must be 14 AWG (2 mm²), minimum 90° C wire, or as permitted by the local code (not provided).

  • (QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L) Grounding lug for your grounding cable—The grounding lug required is a Panduit LCD10-10A-L or equivalent (not provided).

  • For QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L, two 10-32 x 0.25 screws with #10 split-lock washers—Two screws are used to secure the grounding lug to the grounding lug bracket protective earthing terminal. These screws and washers are not provided.

  • For QFX5200-48Y, two 4.3 ring terminals, 14-18 AWG, and the provided M4 screw with star washer.

  • Number 2 screwdriver.

An AC-powered QFX5200 switch chassis gains additional grounding when you plug the power supply in the switch into a grounded AC power outlet by using an AC power cord appropriate for your geographical location. See QFX5200 Power Cord Specifications.

To connect earth ground to a QFX5200-32C or QFX5200-32C-L:

  1. Connect one end of the grounding cable to a proper earth ground, such as the rack in which the switch is mounted.
  2. Place the grounding lug attached to the grounding cable over the protective earthing terminal.
  3. Secure the grounding lug to the protective earthing terminal with two screws and washers. See Figure 1.
    Figure 1: Connecting a Grounding Cable to a QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L
    Connecting
a Grounding Cable to a QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L
  4. Dress the grounding cable and ensure that it does not touch or block access to other device components and that it does not drape where people could trip over it.

To connect earth ground to a QFX5200-48Y:

  1. Ensure the rack is properly grounded and is in compliance with ETSI ETS 300 253.
  2. Verify that there is a good electrical connection to the grounding point on the rack.
  3. Attach the ring terminals to each end of the #14 AWG grounding wire.
  4. Connect one of the ring terminals to the grounding point on the FRU panel.
  5. Connect the other ring terminal to the rack ground.
Caution

Do not remove the earth connection until all power supply connections are disconnected.

Alternate Method to Ground QFX5200-32C-DC Systems

We recommend that you connect earth ground to a QFX5110 DC chassis using the Connect the QFX5200 to Earth Ground method. However if you can’t access the chassis using the two-holed grounding lug, you can ground the chassis using the DC protective earthing terminal on the DC power supply.

The DC power supplies have a protective earthing terminal on the face that holds an M5 pan-head screw with integrated washer. See Figure 2.

Figure 2: DC Power Supply Faceplate on a QFX5200-32C-DC
DC Power Supply Faceplate
on a QFX5200-32C-DC
  1
Shunt negative input terminals (-48V)
  5
Protective earthing terminal
  2
Shunt positive input terminals (+RTN)
  6
Fault LED
  3
Terminal block
  7
Output LED
  4
Security latch
  8
Input LED

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available to ground the chassis using this method:

  • M5 pan-head screw x .08 mm with integrated washer (not provided)

  • M5 lug (not provided)

  • 12 AWG (2.5 mm²) standard wire, 90° C wire or heavier (not provided)

  • Number 2 screwdriver (not provided)

To connect earth ground to a QFX5200-32C-DC power supply:

  1. Have a licensed electrician attached the M5 grounding lug to the grounding cable that you supply. Caution

    Using a grounding cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch.

  2. Ensure that all grounding surfaces are clean and brought to a bright finish before grounding connections are made.
  3. Connect one end of the grounding cable to a proper earth ground, such as the rack in which the switch is mounted.
  4. Place the grounding lug that is attached to the grounding cable over the protective earthing terminal on the DC power supply.
  5. Use a screwdriver to secure the grounding lug to the protective earthing terminal with a M5 pan-head screw with integrated washer.
  6. Dress the grounding cable and ensure that it does not touch or block access to other device components and that it does not drape where people could trip over it.

Connecting AC Power to a QFX5200

The QFX5200 is shipped from the factory with two power supplies. Each power supply is a hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable unit (FRU) when the second power supply is installed and running. You can install replacement power supplies in the two slots next to the fan modules without powering off the switch or disrupting the switching function.

Ensure that you have a power cord appropriate for your geographical location available to connect AC power to the switch.

Before you begin connecting AC power to the switch:

  • Ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage (see Prevention of Electrostatic Discharge Damage).

  • Ensure that you have connected the switch chassis to earth ground.

    Caution

    Before you connect power to the switch, a licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch (for example, by causing a short circuit).

    To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the chassis to earth ground before you connect it to power. For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, use the protective earthing terminal on the switch chassis to connect to the earth ground. For instructions on connecting earth ground, see Connect the QFX5200 to Earth Ground. The switch gains additional grounding when you plug the power supply in the switch into a grounded AC power outlet by using the AC power cord appropriate for your geographical location (see QFX5200 Power Cord Specifications).

  • Install the power supply in the chassis. For instructions on installing a power supply in a QFX5200, see Installing a Power Supply in a QFX5200.

Note

Each power supply must be connected to a dedicated power source outlet.

To connect AC power to a QFX5200:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis and the latches are secure. If only one power supply is installed, ensure a that blank cover panel is installed over the second power supply slot.
  3. Locate the power cord or cords shipped with the switch; the cords have plugs appropriate for your geographical location.Warning

    Ensure that the power cord does not block access to device components or drape where people can trip on it.

  4. Connect each power supply to the power sources. Insert the coupler end of the power cord into the AC power cord inlet on the AC power supply faceplate.
  5. For QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L models, push the power cord retainer onto the power cord (see Figure 3). Power cord retainers are not available for QFX5200-48Y PSUs.
    Figure 3: Connecting an AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L
    Connecting an
AC Power Cord to an AC Power Supply in a QFX5200-32C and QFX5200-32C-L
      1
    Power cord retainer
     
  6. If the AC power source outlet has a power switch, set it to the OFF (O) position.Note

    The switch powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power switch on the device.

  7. Insert the power cord plug into an AC power source outlet.
  8. If the AC power source outlet has a power switch, set it to the ON (|) position.
  9. Verify that the AC and DC LEDs on each power supply are lit green.

    If the amber fault LED is lit, remove power from the power supply, and replace the power supply (see Removing a Fan Module from a QFX5200). Do not remove the power supply until you have a replacement power supply ready: the power supplies or a blank cover panel must be installed in the switch to ensure proper airflow.

    Caution

    Replace a failed power supply with a blank panel or new power supply within 1 minute of removal to prevent chassis overheating.

    Caution

    A system reboot with Routing Engine FPGA version 7.1 might not successfully boot the Junos OS software. In case of a system reboot failure, you need to power cycle the switch. To check the current FPGA version, issue the show chassis firmware command.

Connecting DC Power to a QFX5200

The QFX5200 is shipped from the factory with two power supplies. Each power supply is a hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable unit (FRU) when the second power supply is installed and running. You can install replacement power supplies in the two slots next to the fan modules without powering off the switch or disrupting the switching function.

Warning

A DC-powered QFX5200 is intended for installation only in a restricted access location.

Note

The battery returns of the DC power supply must be connected as an isolated DC return (DC-I).

Note

The QFX5200-32C-L is only available for AC.

This topic includes:

Before You Begin

Before you begin connecting DC power to the switch:

  • Ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage (see Prevention of Electrostatic Discharge Damage).

  • Ensure that you have connected the switch chassis to earth ground.

    Caution

    Before you connect power to the switch, a licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the switch (for example, by causing a short circuit).

    To meet safety and electromagnetic interference (EMI) requirements and to ensure proper operation, you must connect the chassis to earth ground before you connect it to power. For installations that require a separate grounding conductor to the chassis, use the protective earthing terminal on the switch chassis to connect to the earth ground. For instructions on connecting earth ground, see Connect the QFX5200 to Earth Ground.

    On QFX5200-32C-DC systems, you can also ground the chassis using the DC protective earthing terminal on the DC power supply as an alternate method. This method is useful if you are unable to access the chassis ground point by using the two-holed grounding lug, see Alternate Method to Ground QFX5200-32C-DC Systems.

  • Install the power supply in the chassis. For instructions on installing a power supply in a QFX5200, see Installing a Power Supply in a QFX5200.

Ensure that you have the following parts and tools available:

  • For QFX5200-32C–DC power source cables (14–16 AWG) with ring lug (Molex 190700069 or equivalent) (not provided)

  • For QFX5200-48Y–DC power source cables (12 AWG) with ring lug (provided)

  • Phillips (+) screwdriver, number 2 (not provided)

  • Multimeter (not provided)

Connecting DC Power to a QFX5200-32C-DC

To connect DC power to a QFX5200-32C:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Verify that the DC power cables are correctly labeled before making connections to the power supply. In a typical power distribution scheme where the return is connected to chassis ground at the battery plant, you can use a multimeter to verify the resistance of the –48V and RTN DC cables to chassis ground:
    • The cable with very low resistance (indicating a closed circuit) to chassis ground is positive (+) and will be installed on the V+ (return) DC power input terminal.

    • The cable with very high resistance (indicating an open circuit) to chassis ground is negative (–) and will be installed on the V– (input) DC power input terminal.

    Caution

    You must ensure that power connections maintain the proper polarity. The power source cables might be labeled (+) and (–) to indicate their polarity. There is no standard color coding for DC power cables. The color coding used by the external DC power source at your site determines the color coding for the leads on the power cables that attach to the DC power input terminals on each power supply.

  3. Ensure that the input circuit breaker is open so that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that the cable leads do not become active while you are connecting DC power.Note

    The V+ terminals are referred to as +RTN, and V– terminals are referred to as –48 V in DC Power Wiring Sequence Warning and DC Power Electrical Safety Guidelines.

  4. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis.
  5. Remove the terminal block cover. The terminal block cover is a piece of clear plastic that snaps into place over the terminal block (see Figure 4).
  6. Remove the screws on the terminals using the screwdriver. Save the screws.Warning

    Ensure that the power cables do not block access to device components or drape where people can trip on them.

  7. Connect each power supply to the power sources. Secure power source cables to the power supplies by screwing the ring lugs attached to the cables to the appropriate terminals by using the screw from the terminals (see Figure 4and Figure 5 ).

    The QFX5200-32C is designed to operate with a DC power supply that has a single, non-redundant, feed input. For source redundancy, two DC power supplies must be installed in QFX5200-32C; connect source (A) to one power supply and connect source (B) to the second power supply. This configuration provides the commonly deployed A/B feed redundancy for the system.

    The terminal block of the power supply has four terminals labeled V+, V+, V–, and V– for connecting DC power source cables labeled positive (+) and negative (–). The V+ terminals are shunted internally together, as are the V- terminals.

    Caution

    The connection between each power source and power supply must include a circuit breaker.

    Do not connect two sources to a single power supply because doing so can potentially cause circulating current in feed wires whenever there is any difference in the voltage of the two sources.

    1. Secure the ring lug of the positive (+) DC power source cable to the V+ terminal on the DC power supply.
    2. Secure the ring lug of the negative (–) DC power source cable to the V– terminal on the DC power supply.
    3. Tighten the screws on the power supply terminals until snug using the screwdriver. Do not overtighten—apply between 5 in-lb (0.56 Nm) and 6 in-lb (0.68 Nm) of torque to the screws.
    Figure 4: QFX5200-32C-DC Faceplate
    QFX5200-32C-DC
Faceplate
      1
    Shunt negative input terminals (-48V)
      5
    Protective earthing terminal
      2
    Shunt positive input terminals (+RTN)
      6
    Fault LED
      3
    Terminal block
      7
    Output LED
      4
    Security latch
      8
    Input LED
    Caution

    The V+ terminals are shunted internally together, as are the V- terminals. The same polarity terminal can be wired together from the same source to provide an additional current path in a higher power chassis. Do not connect the terminals to different sources.

    Figure 5: Securing Ring Lugs to the Terminals on the QFX5200-32C DC Power Supply
    Securing Ring Lugs
to the Terminals on the QFX5200-32C DC Power Supply
      1
    Shunt negative input terminals (+RTN)
      5
    Protective earthing terminal
      2
    Shunt positive input terminals (-48V)
      6
    Fault LED
      3
    Terminal block
      7
    Output LED
      4
    Ejector lever
      8
    Input LED
  8. Replace the terminal block cover.
  9. Close the input circuit breaker.Note

    The switch powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power switch on the device.

  10. Verify that the IN and OUT LEDs on the power supply are lit green and are on steadily.

Connecting DC Power to a QFX5200-48Y

To connect DC power to a QFX5200-48Y:

  1. Attach the grounding strap to your bare wrist and to a site ESD point.
  2. Ensure that the input circuit breaker is open so that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that the cable leads do not become active while you are connecting DC power.
  3. Ensure that the power supplies are fully inserted in the chassis.
  4. .Connect each power supply to the power source by inserting the DC connector of the provided power cable into the power supply. See Figure 6.
    Figure 6: Connecting DC Power Cable to QFX5200-48Y
    Connecting DC Power Cable to
QFX5200-48Y
  5. Connect each power cable to the power sources. Secure power source cables to the power supplies by screwing the ring lugs attached to the cables to the appropriate terminals
    • Connect the ring lug of the green-yellow cable to earth ground.

    • Connect the ring lug of the black cable to the negative (–) DC power source.

    • Connect the ring lug of the red cable to the positive (+) DC power source.

    The QFX5200-48Y is designed to operate with a DC power supply that has a single, non-redundant, feed input. For source redundancy, two DC power supplies must be installed in QFX5200-48Y; connect source (A) to one power supply and connect source (B) to the second power supply. This configuration provides the commonly deployed A/B feed redundancy for the system.

    Caution

    The connection between each power source and power supply must include a circuit breaker.

    Do not connect two sources to a single power supply because doing so can potentially cause circulating current in feed wires whenever there is any difference in the voltage of the two sources.

  6. Close the input circuit breaker.Note

    The switch powers on as soon as power is provided to the power supply. There is no power switch on the device.

  7. Verify that the LED on each power supply is lit green and on steadily.