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Maintaining MX480 Power System Components

 

Maintaining the MX480 Power Supplies

Purpose

For optimum router performance, verify the condition of the power supplies.

Action

On a regular basis:

  • Make sure that the power and grounding cables are arranged so that they do not obstruct access to other router components.

  • Routinely check the status LEDs on the power supply faceplates and the craft interface to determine if the power supplies are functioning normally.

  • Check the red and yellow alarm LEDs on the craft interface. Power supply failure or removal triggers an alarm that causes one or both of the LEDs to light. You can display the associated error messages by issuing the following command:

    user@host> show chassis alarms
  • Periodically inspect the site to ensure that the grounding and power cables connected to the router are securely in place and that there is no moisture accumulating near the router.

Replacing an MX480 AC Power Supply

  1. Removing an MX480 AC Power Supply

  2. Installing an MX480 AC Power Supply

Removing an MX480 AC Power Supply

Before you remove a power supply, be aware of the following:

Note

The minimum number of power supplies must be present in the router at all times.

Caution

To maintain proper cooling and prevent thermal shutdown of the operating power supply unit, each power supply slot must contain either a power supply or a blank panel. If you remove a power supply, you must install a replacement power supply or a blank panel shortly after the removal.

Note

After powering off a power supply, wait at least 60 seconds before turning it back on.

To remove an AC power supply (see Figure 1):

  1. Switch off the dedicated customer site circuit breaker for the power supply, and remove the power cord from the AC power source. Follow the instructions for your site.
  2. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist and connect the strap to one of the ESD points on the chassis.
  3. Move the AC input switch next to the appliance inlet on the power supply to the off  (O) position.
  4. Remove the power cord from the power supply.
  5. Unscrew the captive screws on the bottom edge of the power supply.
  6. Pull the power supply straight out of the chassis.
Figure 1: Removing an AC Power Supply
Removing an
AC Power Supply

Installing an MX480 AC Power Supply

To install an AC power supply (see Figure 2):

  1. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist and connect the strap to one of the ESD points on the chassis.
  2. Move the AC input switch next to the appliance inlet on the power supply to the off  (O) position.
  3. Using both hands, slide the power supply straight into the chassis until the power supply is fully seated in the chassis slot. The power supply faceplate should be flush with any adjacent power supply faceplate or blank installed in the power supply slot.
  4. Tighten both captive screws at the bottom of the power supply.
  5. Attach the power cord to the power supply.
  6. Route the power cord along the cable restraint toward the left or right corner of the chassis. If needed to hold the power cord in place, thread plastic cable ties, which you must provide, through the openings on the cable restraint.
  7. Attach the power cord to the AC power source, and switch on the dedicated customer site circuit breaker for the power supply. Follow the ESD and connection instructions for your site.
  8. Move the AC input switch next to the appliance inlet on the power supply to the on ( | ) position and observe the status LEDs on the power supply faceplate. If the power supply is correctly installed and functioning normally, the AC OK and DC OK LEDs light steadily, and the PS FAIL LED is not lit.
Figure 2: Installing an AC Power Supply in an MX480 Router
Installing
an AC Power Supply in an MX480 Router

Replacing an MX480 AC Power Supply Cord

  1. Disconnecting an MX480 AC Power Supply Cord

  2. Connecting an MX480 AC Power Supply Cord

Disconnecting an MX480 AC Power Supply Cord

To disconnect the AC power cord:

  1. Switch off the dedicated customer site circuit breaker for the power supply, and remove the power cord from the AC power source. Follow the instructions for your site.
  2. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist and connect the strap to one of the ESD points on the chassis.
  3. Move the AC input switch next to the appliance inlet on the power supply to the off (O) position.
  4. Remove the power cord from the power supply.

Connecting an MX480 AC Power Supply Cord

To connect the AC power cord:

  1. Locate a replacement power cord with the type of plug appropriate for your geographical location (see AC Power Cord Specifications for the MX480 Router).
  2. Connect the power cord to the power supply.
  3. Route the power cord along the cable restraint toward the left or right corner of the chassis. If needed to hold the power cord in place, thread plastic cable ties, which you must provide, through the openings on the cable restraint.
  4. Verify that the power cord does not block the air exhaust and access to router components, or drape where people could trip on it.
  5. Attach the power cord to the AC power source, and switch on the dedicated customer site circuit breaker for the power supply. Follow the ESD and connection instructions for your site.
  6. Switch the AC input switch on the each power supply to the on () position and observe the status LEDs on the power supply faceplate. If the power supply is correctly installed and functioning normally, the AC OK and DC OK LEDs light steadily, and the PS FAIL LED is not lit.

Replacing an MX480 DC Power Supply

  1. Removing an MX480 DC Power Supply

  2. Installing an MX480 DC Power Supply

Removing an MX480 DC Power Supply

Before you remove a power supply, be aware of the following:

Note

The minimum number of power supplies must be present in the router at all times.

Warning

Before performing DC power procedures, ensure that power is removed from the DC circuit. To ensure that all power is off, locate the circuit breaker on the panel board that services the DC circuit, switch the circuit breaker to the off position, and tape the switch handle of the circuit breaker in the off position.

Caution

To maintain proper cooling and prevent thermal shutdown of the operating power supply unit, each power supply slot must contain either a power supply or a blank panel. If you remove a power supply, you must install a replacement power supply or a blank panel shortly after the removal.

Note

After powering off a power supply, wait at least 60 seconds before turning it back on.

To remove a DC power supply (see Figure 3):

  1. Switch off the dedicated customer site circuit breaker for the power supply being removed. Follow your site's procedures for ESD.
  2. Make sure that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that there is no chance that the cables might become active during the removal process.
  3. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist and connect the strap to one of the ESD points on the chassis.
  4. Move the DC circuit breaker on the DC power supply faceplate to the off (O) position.
  5. Remove the clear plastic cover protecting the terminal studs on the faceplate.
  6. Remove the nut and washer from each of the terminal studs. (Use a 7/16-in. [11 mm] nut driver or socket wrench.)
  7. Remove the cable lugs from the terminal studs.
  8. Loosen the captive screws on the bottom edge of the power supply faceplate.
  9. Carefully move the power cables out of the way.
  10. Pull the power supply straight out of the chassis.
Figure 3: Removing a DC Power Supply from the Router
Removing
a DC Power Supply from the Router

Installing an MX480 DC Power Supply

Warning

Before performing DC power procedures, ensure that power is removed from the DC circuit. To ensure that all power is off, locate the circuit breaker on the panel board that services the DC circuit, switch the circuit breaker to the off position, and tape the switch handle of the circuit breaker in the off position.

To install a DC power supply (see Figure 4):

  1. Ensure that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that there is no chance that the cable leads might become active during installation.
  2. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist and connect the strap to one of the ESD points on the chassis.
  3. Move the DC circuit breaker on the power supply faceplate to the off (O) position.
  4. Using both hands, slide the power supply straight into the chassis until the power supply is fully seated in the chassis slot. The power supply faceplate should be flush with any adjacent power supply faceplate or blank installed in the power supply slot.
  5. Tighten the captive screws on the lower edge of the power supply faceplate.
  6. Remove the clear plastic cover protecting the terminal studs on the faceplate.
  7. Remove the nut and washer from each of the terminal studs.
  8. Secure each power cable lug to the terminal studs, first with the flat washer, then with the split washer, and then with the nut (see Figure 5). Apply between 23 lb-in. (2.6 Nm) and 25 lb-in. (2.8 Nm) of torque to each nut. Do not overtighten the nut. (Use a 7/16-in. [11 mm] torque-controlled driver or socket wrench.)
    1. Secure the positive (+) DC source power cable lug to the RTN (return) terminal.

    2. Secure the negative (–) DC source power cable lug to the –48V (input) terminal.

    Caution

    Ensure that each power cable lug seats flush against the surface of the terminal block as you are tightening the nuts. Ensure that each nut is properly threaded onto the terminal stud. The nut should be able to spin freely with your fingers when it is first placed onto the terminal stud. Applying installation torque to the nut when improperly threaded may result in damage to the terminal stud.

    Caution

    The maximum torque rating of the terminal studs on the DC power supply is 36 lb-in. (4.0 Nm). The terminal studs may be damaged if excessive torque is applied. Use only a torque-controlled driver or socket wrench to tighten nuts on the DC power supply terminal studs.

    Caution

    You must ensure that power connections maintain the proper polarity. The power source cables might be labeled (+) and (–) to indicate their polarity. There is no standard color coding for DC power cables. The color coding used by the external DC power source at your site determines the color coding for the leads on the power cables that attach to the terminal studs on each power supply.

    Note

    The DC power supplies in PEM0 and PEM1 must be powered by dedicated power feeds derived from feed A, and the DC power supplies in PEM2 and PEM3 must be powered by dedicated power feeds derived from feed B. This configuration provides the commonly deployed A/B feed redundancy for the system.

    Note

    For information about connecting to DC power sources, see DC Power Supply Electrical Specifications for the MX480 Router.

  9. Replace the clear plastic cover over the terminal studs on the faceplate.
  10. Route the power cables along the cable restraint toward the left or right corner of the chassis. If needed to hold the power cables in place, thread plastic cable ties, which you must provide, through the openings on the cable restraint.
  11. Verify that the power cabling is correct, that the cables are not touching or blocking access to router components, and that they do not drape where people could trip on them.
  12. Switch on the dedicated customer site circuit breakers. Follow your site's procedures for safety and ESD.

    Verify that the INPUT OK LED on the power supply is lit green.

  13. On each of the DC power supplies, switch the DC circuit breaker to the center position before moving it to the on () position. Note

    The circuit breaker may bounce back to the off (O) position if you move the breaker too quickly.

    Observe the status LEDs on the power supply faceplate. If the power supply is correctly installed and functioning normally, the PWR OK, BRKR ON, and INPUT OK LEDs light green steadily.

    Note

    If more than one power supply is being installed, turn on all power supplies at the same time.

Note

An SCB must be present for the PWR OK LED to go on.

Figure 4: Installing a DC Power Supply in the Router
Installing
a DC Power Supply in the Router
Figure 5: Connecting DC Power to the Router
Connecting DC
Power to the Router

Replacing an MX480 DC Power Supply Cable

  1. Disconnecting an MX480 DC Power Supply Cable

  2. Connecting an MX480 DC Power Supply Cable

Disconnecting an MX480 DC Power Supply Cable

Warning

Before performing DC power procedures, ensure that power is removed from the DC circuit. To ensure that all power is off, locate the circuit breaker on the panel board that services the DC circuit, switch the circuit breaker to the off position, and tape the switch handle of the circuit breaker in the off position.

To disconnect a power cable for a DC power supply:

  1. Switch off the dedicated customer site circuit breaker for the power supply being removed. Follow your site's procedures for ESD.
  2. Make sure that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 V and that there is no chance that the cables might become active during the removal process.
  3. Verify that the INPUT OK LED on the power supply is not lit.
  4. Remove the power cable from the external DC power source.
  5. Attach an ESD grounding strap to your bare wrist and connect the strap to one of the ESD points on the chassis.
  6. Move the DC circuit breaker on the power supply faceplate to the off (O)position.
  7. Remove the clear plastic cover protecting the terminal studs on the faceplate.
  8. Remove the nut and washer from each of the terminal studs. (Use a 7/16-in. [11 mm] nut driver or socket wrench.)
  9. Remove the cable lug from the terminal studs.
  10. Remove the power cable from the cable restraint, and then carefully move the cable out of the way.

Connecting an MX480 DC Power Supply Cable

Warning

Before performing DC power procedures, ensure that power is removed from the DC circuit. To ensure that all power is off, locate the circuit breaker on the panel board that services the DC circuit, switch the circuit breaker to the off position, and tape the switch handle of the circuit breaker in the off position.

To connect a power cable for a DC power supply:

  1. Locate a replacement power cable that meets the specifications defined in DC Power Cable Specifications for the MX480 Router.
  2. Verify that a licensed electrician has attached a cable lug to the replacement power cable.
  3. Verify that the INPUT OK LED is off.
  4. Secure the power cable lug to the terminal studs, first with the flat washer, then with the nut. Apply between 23 lb-in. (2.6 Nm) and 25 lb-in. (2.8 Nm) of torque to each nut (see Figure 6). Do not overtighten the nut. (Use a 7/16-in. [11 mm] torque-controlled driver or socket wrench.)Caution

    Ensure that each power cable lug seats flush against the surface of the terminal block as you are tightening the nuts. Ensure that each nut is properly threaded onto the terminal stud. The nut should be able to spin freely with your fingers when it is first placed onto the terminal stud. Applying installation torque to the nut when improperly threaded may result in damage to the terminal stud.

    Caution

    The maximum torque rating of the terminal studs on the DC power supply is 36 lb-in. (4.0 Nm). The terminal studs may be damaged if excessive torque is applied. Use only a torque-controlled driver or socket wrench to tighten nuts on the DC power supply terminal studs.

    Figure 6: Connecting Power Cables to the DC Power Supply
    Connecting
Power Cables to the DC Power Supply
  5. Route the power cable along the cable restraint toward the left or right corner of the chassis. If needed, thread plastic cable ties, which you must provide, through the openings on the cable restraint to hold the power cable in place.
  6. Verify that the DC power cable is connected correctly, that it does not touch or block access to router components, and that it does not drape where people could trip on it.
  7. Replace the clear plastic cover over the terminal studs on the faceplate.
  8. Attach the power cable to the DC power source.
  9. Turn on the dedicated customer site circuit breaker to the power supply.
  10. On each of the DC power supplies, switch the DC circuit breaker to the center position before moving it to the on () position. Note

    The circuit breaker may bounce back to the off (O) position if you move the breaker too quickly.

    Observe the status LEDs on the power supply faceplate. If the power supply is correctly installed and functioning normally, the PWR OK, BRKR ON, and INPUT OK LEDs light green steadily.