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MX10016 System Overview

 

The MX10000 line of 5G Universal Routing Platforms—including the MX10008 and MX10016 give cloud and service providers the performance and scalability needed to outpace increased traffic demands. MX10016 router provides 10-Gigabit Ethernet, 40-Gigabit Ethernet, and 100-Gigabit Ethernet modular solutions that support up to 2.4 Tbps per slot. The MX10016 router provides redundancy and resiliency. All major hardware components including the power system, the cooling system, the control board and the switch fabrics are fully redundant.

MX10016 Hardware Overview

Juniper Networks MX10016 Universal Routing Platform enables cloud and data center operators to transition from 10-Gigabit Ethernet and 40-Gigabit Ethernet networks to 100-Gigabit Ethernet high-performance networks. The 21 rack unit (21 U) modular chassis can provide 38.4 Tbps of throughput. The MX10016 router has 16 slots for the line cards that can support a maximum of 1536 10-Gigabit Ethernet ports, 384 40-Gigabit Ethernet ports, or 384 100-Gigabit Ethernet ports.

The MX10016 universal router provides 2.4 Tbps per slot fabric capacity for the service providers and cloud operators. You can deploy the MX10016 router in an IP edge network using an MX10K-LC2101 line card (ordering model number is JNP10K-LC2101).

You can deploy MX10016 in the edge of the network for the following functions:

  • Layer 3 peering

  • Data center gateway

  • VPLS aggregation

  • Layer 3 aggregation

  • Video distribution

The MX10016 router is available in both base and redundant configurations for both AC and DC operation. MX10016 features front-to-back airflow (also known as airflow out or AFO).

Benefits of the MX10016 Router

  • System capacity— MX10016 scales to 38.4 Tbps (76.8 Tbps half- duplex) in a single chassis, with support for up to 1536 10-Gigabit Ethernet, 384 40-Gigabit Ethernet, and 384 100-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

  • Full-scale IP and MPLS routing—The MX10016 delivers a distributed peering scale of 8.6 million entries in the forwarding information bases (FIBs, also known as forwarding tables) and 80 million entries in the routing information bases (RIBs also known as routing tables).

  • Source Packet Routing in Networking (SPRING)—SPRING on the MX10016 provides additional flexibility per packet source. SPRING provides features such as network path and node protection to support MPLS fast reroute (FRR) mechanisms, enhanced network programmability, OAM functionality, simplified network signaling, load balancing, and traffic engineering functions.

  • Always-on infrastructure base—The MX10016 is engineered with full hardware redundancy for cooling, switch fabric, and host subsystems—Routing and Control Boards (RCBs)—allowing service providers to meet stringent service-level agreements across the core.

  • Nondisruptive software upgrades—The Junos operating system on MX10016 supports high availability (HA) features such as graceful Routing Engine switchover (GRES), nonstop active routing (NSR), and unified in-service software upgrade (unified ISSU), providing software upgrades and changes without disrupting network traffic.

Chassis Description

The MX10016 is 21 U tall. Two MX10016 chassis can fit in a standard 42 U rack when there is adequate cooling and power. All key MX10016 components are field-replaceable units (FRUs).

Figure 1 illustrates the components visible from the front of the chassis.

Figure 1: MX10016 Chassis Front
MX10016 Chassis Front
  1
Routing and Control Boards
  4
Installation holes for the front panel
  2
Status LED panel
  5
Line card slots 0-15 (numbered top to bottom)
  3
Handle
 

Some chassis ship with an enhanced power bus to support the power needs of higher wattage line cards. Chassis with the enhanced power bus have a modified Status Panel (see MX10016 Status Panel LEDs).

Figure 2 illustrates the components that are visible from the rear of the chassis.



Figure 2: MX10016 Chassis Rear
MX10016 Chassis Rear
  1
AC or DC power supplies
  3
ESD point
  2
Fan trays with redundant fans
  4
Protective earthing terminal


Figure 3 illustrates the components that are internal to the chassis.

Figure 3: MX10016 Chassis Internal Components
MX10016 Chassis Internal
Components
  1
Fan tray controllers
  2
Switch Fabric Boards (SFBs)

See MX10016 Chassis Physical Specifications.

Routing and Control Board

The Routing and Control Board (RCB) (see Figure 4) contains a Routing Engine and is responsible for the system management and control in the MX10016. See MX10016 Routing and Control Board . RCBs are FRUs that are installed in the front of the chassis in the slots labeled CB0 and CB1. The base configuration has a single RCB while the fully redundant configuration has two RCBs. The RCB also contains Precision Time Protocol ports and two Media Access Control Security (MACsec) capable ports (see MX10016 Components and Configurations).

Figure 4: MX10016 Routing and Control Board
MX10016 Routing and
Control Board


Line Card (MX10K-LC2101)

The MX10016 has 16 horizontal line card slots and supports line rates for each line card. The line cards include a Packet Forwarding Engine and Ethernet interfaces enclosed in a single assembly. The MX10016 line card architecture is based on a number of identical, independent Packet Forwarding Engine slices, each with 400 Gbps full-duplex throughput. Line cards are FRUs that can be installed in the line card slots labeled 0 through 15 (top to bottom) on the front of the chassis. All line cards are hot-removable and hot-insertable. After the hot insertion, the line card comes online automatically.

The MX10K-LC2101 line card is available for the MX10016. The MX10K-LC2101 line card can support 24 100-Gigabit Ethernet ports with a 28-Gbps quad smallform-factor pluggable (QSFP28) transceiver, or 24 40-Gigabit Ethernet ports with a QSFP transceiver. The MX10K-LC2101 line cards also support 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. For 10-Gigabit Ethernet, you must configure the port using the channelization command. Because there is no port-groups option for the 100-Gigabit Ethernet line card, you must use individual port channelization commands.

Figure 5 shows the MX10K-LC2101 line card.

Figure 5: MX10K-LC2101 Line Card
MX10K-LC2101 Line Card
  1
OFFLINE button
  3
Lane LEDs
  2
OK/FAIL LED
  4
Port LEDs


Switch Fabric Boards

Five Switch Fabric Boards (SFBs) provide the necessary switching functionality to an MX10016 router. A sixth SFB is available in the redundant configuration to provide n+1 redundancy. SFBs are installed between the line cards and the fan trays inside the chassis (see Figure 6). Each MX10016 SFB has sixteen connectors that match to a line card slot, eliminating the need for a backplane. When all the SFBs are installed, the MX10016 router has a net switching capacity of 2.4 terabytes per second (bidirectional). See MX10016 Switch Fabric Board.

Figure 6: MX10016 SFB
MX10016 SFB

Cooling System

The cooling system in the MX10016 consists of two hot-removable and hot-insertable FRU fan trays (see Figure 7) and two fan tray controllers (see Figure 8).

Two fan tray models and their associated fan tray controllers are available. Both models of fan tray contain 11 fans. The fan trays install vertically on the rear of the chassis and provide front to back chassis cooling. For model differences, see MX10016 Cooling System and Airflow.

Figure 7: Fan Tray JNP10008-FAN
Fan Tray JNP10008-FAN
Figure 8: Fan Tray Controller JNP10008-FAN-CTRL
Fan Tray Controller
JNP10008-FAN-CTRL

Power Supplies

Power supplies for the MX10016 router are fully redundant, load-sharing, and hot-removable and hot-insertable FRUs. Each MX10016 router with a base configuration has five power supplies; redundant configurations hold a maximum of ten AC or DC power supplies. Each power supply has an internal fan for cooling. See Figure 9 through Figure 12.

Caution

Do not mix AC and DC power supplies in the same chassis.

Figure 9: JNP10K-PWR-AC Power Supply
JNP10K-PWR-AC Power Supply
Figure 10: JNP10K-PWR-AC2 Power Supply
JNP10K-PWR-AC2 Power Supply
Figure 11: JNP10K-PWR-DC Power Supply
JNP10K-PWR-DC Power Supply
Figure 12: JNP10K-PWR-DC2 Power Supply
JNP10K-PWR-DC2 Power Supply

Table 1 provides an overview of the differences among the power supplies.

Table 1: Power Supply Overview

Power Supply Model

Input Type

Wattage

Power Bus

JNP10K-PWR AC

AC only

2700 W

Standard or enhanced

JNP10K-PWR-AC2

AC, HVAC, or HVDC

5000 W, single feed; 5500 W, dual feed

Enhanced

JNP10K-PWR DC

DC only

2500 W

Standard or enhanced

JNP10K-PWR-DC2

DC only

2750 W, single feed; 5500 W, dual feed

Enhanced

Software on MX10016

The MX10016 router runs Junos OS, which provides Layer 3 routing services. The same Junos OS code base that runs on the MX10016 router also runs on all Juniper Networks M Series, MX Series, and T Series routers and SRX Series Services Gateways.

MX10016 Components and Configurations

Table 2 lists the four hardware configurations for an MX10016 modular chassis—base (AC version), and redundant (AC and DC versions)—and the components included in each configuration.

Table 2: MX10016 Hardware Configurations

Router Configuration

Configuration Components

Base AC configuration

MX10016-BASE

  • Chassis

  • One RCB (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FAN-CTRL)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN)

  • Five AC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-AC)

  • Five power supply slot covers

  • Five switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • One switch fabric slot cover (JNP10016-SF-BLNK)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Base AC configuration with JNP10K-PWR-AC2 components

MX10016-BASE

  • Chassis

  • One RCB (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FTC2)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN2)

  • Five AC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-AC2)

  • Five power supply slot covers

  • Five switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • One switch fabric slot cover (JNP10016-SF-BLNK)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Base DC configuration

MX10016-BASE

  • Chassis

  • One RCB (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FAN-CTRL)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN)

  • Five DC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-DC)

  • Five power supply slot covers

  • Five switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • One switch fabric slot cover (JNP10016-SF-BLNK)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Base DC configuration with JNP10K-PWR-DC2 components

MX10016-BASE

  • Chassis

  • One RCB (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FTC2)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN2)

  • Five DC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-DC2)

  • Five power supply slot covers

  • Five switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • One switch fabric slot cover (JNP10016-SF-BLNK)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Redundant AC configuration

MX10016-PREMIUM

  • Chassis

  • Two RCBs (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FAN-CTRL)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN)

  • Ten AC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-AC)

  • Six switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Redundant AC configuration with JNP10K-PWR-AC2 components

MX10016-PREMIUM

  • Chassis

  • Two RCBs (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FTC2)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN2)

  • Ten AC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-AC2)

  • Six switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Redundant DC configuration

MX10016-PREMIUM

  • Chassis

  • Two RCBs (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FAN-CTRL)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN)

  • Ten DC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-DC)

  • Six switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Redundant DC configuration with JNP10K-PWR-DC2 components

MX10016-PREMIUM

  • Chassis

  • Two RCBs (JNP10K-RE1, JNP10K-RE1-LT, or JNP10K-RE1-128)

  • Two fan tray controllers (JNP10016-FTC2)

  • Two fan trays (JNP10016-FAN2)

  • Ten DC power supplies (JNP10K-PWR-DC2)

  • Six switch fabric cards (JNP10016-SF)

  • Sixteen line-card covers

Note

You can install up to sixteen line cards in the router.

Note

Line cards and the cable management system are not part of the base or redundant configurations. You must order them separately.

Note

If you want to purchase additional power supplies (AC or DC), SFBs, or RCBs for your router configuration, you must order them separately.

MX10016 Component Redundancy

The MX10016 router is designed so that no single point of failure can cause the entire system to fail. The following major hardware components in the redundant configuration provide redundancy:

  • Routing and Control Board (RCB)—The RCB consolidates the Routing Engine function with the control plane function in a single unit. The MX10016 router can have one RCB in a base configuration or two RCBs in a redundant configuration. When two RCBs are installed, one functions as the primary and the other functions as the backup. If the primary RCB (or either of its components) fails, the backup can take over as the primary RCB. See MX10016 Routing and Control Board .

  • Switch Fabric Boards (SFBs)—The MX10016 router has six SFB slots. Five SFBs are required for base operation and the sixth SFB provides n+1 redundancy. All six SFBs are active and can sustain full throughput rate. The fabric plane can tolerate one SFB failure without any loss of performance. See MX10016 Switch Fabric Board.

  • Power supplies—The MX10016 router requires three power supplies for minimum operation. Additional power supplies, provide n+1 redundancy for the system. AC, DC, HVAC, and HVDC systems tolerate a single power supply to fail without system interruption. If one power supply fails in a fully redundant system, the other power supplies can provide full power to the MX10016 router indefinitely.

    The MX10016 router also supports source redundancy. Two sets of lugs are provided for the JNP10K-PWR-AC cables, four sets of lugs are provided for the JNP10K-PWR-DC2 cables, and two AC power cords are provided for each JNP10K-PWR-AC2 power supply.

  • Cooling system—The fan trays have redundant fans, which are controlled by the fan tray controller. If one of the fans fails, the host subsystem increases the speed of the remaining fans to provide sufficient cooling for the router indefinitely. See MX10016 Cooling System .

MX10016 Hardware and CLI Terminology Mapping

This topic describes the hardware terms used in MX10016 router documentation and the corresponding terms used in the Junos OS CLI. See Table 3.

Table 3: CLI Equivalents of Terms Used in Documentation for MX10016 Routers

Hardware Item (CLI)

Description (CLI)

Value (CLI)

Item in Documentation

Additional Information

Chassis

JNP10016 [MX10016]

Router chassis

MX10016 Chassis Physical Specifications

Routing and Control Board

CB (n)

n is a value in the range of 0–1.

Multiple line items appear in the CLI if more than one RCB is installed in the chassis.

 

MX10016 Routing and Control Board

FPC (n)

Abbreviated name of the Flexible PIC Concentrator (FPC)

On MX10016, an FPC equates to a line card.

n is a value in the range of 0–15. The value corresponds to the line card slot number in which the line card is installed.

Line card (The router does not have actual FPCs—the line cards are the FPC equivalents on the router.)

Understanding Interface Naming Conventions

Xcvr (n)

Abbreviated name of the transceiver

n is a value equivalent to the number of the port in which the transceiver is installed.

Optical transceivers

MX10016 Transceiver and Cable Specifications

PSU (n)

One of the following:

  • JNP10K-PWR-AC

  • JNP10K-PWR-AC2

  • JNP10K-PWR-DC

  • JNP10K-PWR-DC2

n is a value in the range of 0–9. The value corresponds to the power supply slot number.

AC or DC power supply

One of the following:

Fan tray

JNP10016-FAN or JNP10016-FAN2

Fan tray

MX10016 Cooling System

SFB (n)

This field indicates:

  • State of the fabric plane:

    • Active

    • Spare

    • Check State

  • Status of the Packet Forwarding Engine in each fabric plane:

    • Links OK

    • Error

n is a value in the range of 0–5.

Fabric plane

show chassis sfb