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EX4650 Site Guidelines and Requirements

 

Environmental Requirements and Specifications for EX4650 Switches

The switch must be installed in a rack or cabinet. It must be housed in a dry, clean, well-ventilated, and temperature-controlled environment.

Follow these environmental guidelines:

  • The site must be as dust-free as possible, because dust can clog air intake vents and filters, reducing the efficiency of the switch cooling system.

  • Maintain ambient airflow for normal switch operation. If the airflow is blocked or restricted, or if the intake air is too warm, the switch might overheat, leading to the switch temperature monitor shutting down the device to protect the hardware components.

Table 1 provides the required environmental conditions for normal switch operation for all EX4650 models.

Table 1: EX4650 Environmental Tolerances

Description

Tolerance

Altitude

No performance degradation to 6562 feet (2000 meters)

Relative humidity

Normal operation ensured in relative humidity range of 5% through 90%, noncondensing

  • Short-term operation ensured in relative humidity range of 5% through 93%, noncondensing

    Note: As defined in NEBS GR-63-CORE, Issue 3, short-term events can be up to 96 hours in duration but not more than 15 days per year.

Temperature

  • Normal operation ensured in temperature range of 32° F through 104° F (0° C through 45° C)

  • Nonoperating storage temperature in shipping container: –40° F through 158° F (–40° C through 70° C)

Seismic

Designed to comply with Zone 4 earthquake requirements per NEBS GR-63-CORE, Issue 3.

Note

Install EX4650 devices only in restricted areas, such as dedicated equipment rooms and equipment closets, in accordance with Articles 110-16, 110-17, and 110-18 of the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.

General Site Guidelines

Efficient device operation requires proper site planning and maintenance and proper layout of the equipment, rack or cabinet, and wiring closet.

To plan and create an acceptable operating environment for your device and prevent environmentally caused equipment failures:

  • Keep the area around the chassis free from dust and conductive material, such as metal flakes.

  • Follow prescribed airflow guidelines to ensure that the cooling system functions properly and that exhaust from other equipment does not blow into the intake vents of the device.

  • Follow the prescribed electrostatic discharge (ESD) prevention procedures to prevent damaging the equipment. Static discharge can cause components to fail completely or intermittently over time.

  • Install the device in a secure area, so that only authorized personnel can access the device.

Site Electrical Wiring Guidelines

Table 2 describes the factors you must consider while planning the electrical wiring at your site.

Warning

You must provide a properly grounded and shielded environment and use electrical surge-suppression devices.

Avertissement Vous devez établir un environnement protégé et convenablement mis à la terre et utiliser des dispositifs de parasurtension.

Table 2: Site Electrical Wiring Guidelines

Site Wiring Factor

Guidelines

Signaling limitations

If your site experiences any of the following problems, consult experts in electrical surge suppression and shielding:

  • Improperly installed wires cause radio frequency interference (RFI).

  • Damage from lightning strikes occurs when wires exceed recommended distances or pass between buildings.

  • Electromagnetic pulses (EMPs) caused by lightning damage unshielded conductors and electronic devices.

Radio frequency interference

To reduce or eliminate RFI from your site wiring, do the following:

  • Use a twisted-pair cable with a good distribution of grounding conductors.

  • If you must exceed the recommended distances, use a high-quality twisted-pair cable with one ground conductor for each data signal when applicable.

Electromagnetic compatibility

If your site is susceptible to problems with electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), particularly from lightning or radio transmitters, seek expert advice.

Some of the problems caused by strong sources of electromagnetic interference (EMI) are:

  • Destruction of the signal drivers and receivers in the device

  • Electrical hazards as a result of power surges conducted over the lines into the equipment

Rack Requirements for EX4650 Switches

EX4650 switches are designed to be installed on four-post racks.

Rack requirements consist of:

  • Rack type

  • Mounting bracket hole spacing

  • Rack size and strength

Table 3 provides the rack requirements and specifications for the EX4650.

Table 3: Rack Requirements for the EX4650

Rack Requirement

Guidelines

Rack type

Use a four-post rack that provides bracket holes or hole patterns spaced at 1 U (1.75 in. or 4.45 cm) increments and that meets the size and strength requirements to support the weight.

A U is the standard rack unit defined in Cabinets, Racks, Panels, and Associated Equipment (document number EIA-310–D) published by the Electronics Industry Association.

Mounting bracket hole spacing

The holes in the mounting brackets are spaced at 1 U (1.75 in. or 4.45 cm), so that the switch can be mounted in any rack that provides holes spaced at that distance.

Rack size and strength

  • Ensure that the rack is a 19-in. rack as defined in Cabinets, Racks, Panels, and Associated Equipment (document number EIA-310–D) published by the Electronics Components Industry Association (http://www.ecianow.org/).

  • Ensure that the rack is one of the following standard lengths:

    • 23.6 in. (600 mm)

    • 30.0 in. (762 mm

    • 31.5 in. (800 mm)

  • Ensure that the rack rails are spaced widely enough to accommodate the switch chassis’ external dimensions. The outer edges of the front-mounting brackets extend the width to 19 in. (48.26 cm).

  • Either side of the switch needs to be mounted flush with the rack and still adjustable for racks with different depths. The front and rear rack rails must be spaced between 23.62 in. (600 mm) and 31.5 in. (800 mm) front to back.

  • Ensure that for four-post installations, the front and rear rack rails are spaced between 23 in. (58.5 cm) to 30.25 in. (76.8 cm) front-to-back.

  • The rack must be strong enough to support the weight of the switch.

  • Ensure that the spacing of rails and adjacent racks allows for proper clearance around the switch and rack.

Rack connection to building structure

  • Secure the rack to the building structure.

  • If earthquakes are a possibility in your geographical area, secure the rack to the floor.

  • Secure the rack to the ceiling brackets as well as wall or floor brackets for maximum stability.

Cabinet Requirements for EX4650 Switches

You can mount the EX4650 in a cabinet that contains a four-post 19-in. rack as defined in Cabinets, Racks, Panels, and Associated Equipment (document number EIA-310-D) published by the Electronics Industry Association.

Cabinet requirements consist of:

  • Cabinet size and clearance

  • Cabinet airflow requirements

Table 4 provides the cabinet requirements and specifications for the EX4650 switch.

Table 4: Cabinet Requirements for the EX4650 Switch

Cabinet Requirement

Guidelines

Cabinet size and clearance

The minimum cabinet size for accommodating a EX4650 switch is 36 in. (91.4 cm) deep. Large cabinets improve airflow and reduce the chance of overheating.

Cabinet clearance

  • The outer edges of the front-mounting brackets extend the width of the chassis to 19 in. (48.2 cm)

  • The minimum total clearance inside the cabinet is 30.7 in. (780 mm) between the inside of the front door and the inside of the rear door.

Cabinet airflow requirements

When you mount the switch in a cabinet, ensure that ventilation through the cabinet is sufficient to prevent overheating.

  • Ensure that the cool air supply you provide through the cabinet adequately dissipates the thermal output of the switch (or switches).

  • Ensure that the cabinet allows the chassis hot exhaust air to exit the cabinet without recirculating into the switch. An open cabinet (without a top or doors) that employs hot air exhaust extraction from the top allows the best airflow through the chassis. If the cabinet contains a top or doors, perforations in these elements assist with removing the hot air exhaust.

  • The EX4650 fans exhaust hot air either through the vents on the port panel or through the fans and power supplies. Install the switch in the cabinet in a way that maximizes the open space on the FRU side of the chassis. This maximizes the clearance for critical airflow.

  • Route and dress all cables to minimize the blockage of airflow to and from the chassis.

  • Ensure that the spacing of rails and adjacent cabinets allows for the proper clearance around the switch and cabinet.

Clearance Requirements for Airflow and Hardware Maintenance for EX4650 Switches

When planning the site for installing an EX4650 switch, you must ensure sufficient clearance around the switch.

Follow these clearance requirements:

  • For the cooling system to function properly, the airflow around the chassis must be unrestricted. See Figure 1, Figure 2, andFigure 3 for reference.

    Figure 1: Front-to-Back Airflow
    Front-to-Back Airflow
    Figure 2: Back-to-Front Airflow
    Back-to-Front Airflow
  • If you are mounting the switch on a rack or cabinet along with other equipment, ensure that the exhaust from other equipment does not blow into the intake vents of the chassis.

  • Leave at least 6 in. (15.2 cm) clearance in front of and behind the chassis for airflow.

  • Leave at least 6 in. (15.2 cm) clearance on the left of the chassis for installing the grounding lug.

  • Leave at least 24 in. (61 cm) clearance in front of and behind the switch for service personnel to remove and install hardware components.

    Figure 3: Clearance Requirements for Airflow and Hardware Maintenance for an EX4650 Switch
     Clearance
Requirements for Airflow and Hardware Maintenance for an EX4650 Switch