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Initially Configuring the MX2020 Router

 

The MX2020 router is shipped with the Junos OS preinstalled and ready to be configured when the MX2020 router is powered on. There are three copies of the software: one on a CompactFlash card in the CB-RE, one on a solid state drive (SSD) in the CB-RE, and one on a USB flash drive that can be inserted into the slot in the CB-RE faceplate (see Figure 1).

Note

The SSD is internal in the CB-RE and cannot be removed.

When the router boots, it first attempts to start the image on the USB flash drive. If a USB flash drive is not inserted into the CB-RE or the attempt otherwise fails, the router next tries the CompactFlash card, and then the SSD.

You configure the router by issuing Junos OS command-line interface (CLI) commands, either on a console device attached to the CONSOLE port on the Routing Engine, or over a telnet connection to a network connected to the MGMT port on the Routing Engine.

Figure 1: USB Flash Drive Port on CB-RE
USB Flash Drive
Port on CB-RE

Gather the following information before configuring the router:

  • Name the router will use on the network

  • Domain name the router will use

  • IP address and prefix length information for the Ethernet interface

  • IP address of a default router

  • IP address of a DNS server

  • Password for the root user

This procedure connects the router to the network but does not enable it to forward traffic. For complete information about enabling the router to forward traffic, including examples, see the Junos OS configuration guides.

To configure the software:

  1. Verify that the router is powered on.
  2. Log in as the “root” user. There is no password.
  3. Start the CLI.
  4. Enter configuration mode.
  5. Configure the name of the router. If the name includes spaces, enclose the name in quotation marks (“ ”).
  6. Create a management console user account.
  7. Set the user account class to super-user.
  8. Configure the router’s domain name.
  9. Configure the IP address and prefix length for the router’s Ethernet interface.
  10. Configure the IP address of a backup router, which is used only while the routing protocol is not running.
  11. Configure the IP address of a DNS server.
  12. Set the root authentication password by entering either a clear-text password, an encrypted password, or an SSH public key string (DSA or RSA).

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  13. (Optional) Configure the static routes to remote subnets with access to the management port. Access to the management port is limited to the local subnet. To access the management port from a remote subnet, you need to add a static route to that subnet within the routing table. For more information about static routes, see the Junos OS System Basics Configuration Guide  .
  14. Configure the telnet service at the [edit system services] hierarchy level.
  15. (Optional) Display the configuration to verify that it is correct.
  16. Commit the configuration to activate it on the router.
  17. (Optional) Configure additional properties by adding the necessary configuration statements. Then commit the changes to activate them on the router.
  18. When you have finished configuring the router, exit configuration mode.
Note

To reinstall the Junos OS, you boot the router from the removable media. Do not insert the removable media during normal operations. The router does not operate normally when it is booted from the removable media.

When the router boots from the storage media (removable media, or CompactFlash card) it expands its search in the /config directory of the routing platform for the following files in the following order: juniper.conf (the main configuration file), rescue.conf (the rescue configuration file), and juniper.conf.1 (the first rollback configuration file). When the search finds the first configuration file that can be loaded properly, the file loads and the search ends. If none of the files can be loaded properly, the router platform does not function properly. If the router boots from an alternate boot device, the Junos OS displays a message indicating this when you log in to the router.