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Installing and Configuring the NFX150 Expansion Modules

 

Installing the Expansion Module

Note

You can install only one expansion module on the NFX150-S1 devices. The expansion module must be installed in the first slot, which is present beside the chassis LEDs.

To install the expansion module such as NFX-EM-6T2SFP in an NFX150 device:

  1. Attach an electrostatic discharge (ESD) grounding strap to your bare wrist, and connect the strap to the grounding point on the back of the device.
  2. Power off the device using the following command:
    request system power-off
  3. Remove both the blank modules installed on the device:
    • Loosen the screws on the faceplate of the blank module.

    • Grasp the screws on each side and remove the blank module.

  4. Remove the expansion module from the electrostatic bag.
  5. Grasp the screws on each side of the module faceplate and align the notches in the connector at the rear of the module with the notches in the module slot in the device.
  6. Slide the module in until it lodges firmly in the services gateway.
  7. Using a 1/8-in. (3-mm) flat-blade (–) screwdriver, tighten the screws on each side of the module faceplate.
  8. Power on the device.

Installing the LTE Expansion Module

Note

You can install only one expansion module on the NFX150-S1 devices. The expansion module must be installed in the first slot, which is present beside the chassis LEDs.

To install the LTE expansion modules such as NFX-LTE-AE and NFX-LTE-AA in an NFX150 device:

  1. Attach an electrostatic discharge (ESD) grounding strap to your bare wrist, and connect the strap to the grounding point on the back of the device.
  2. Power off the device using the following command:
    request system power-off
  3. Remove both the blank modules installed on the device:
    • Loosen the screws on the faceplate of the blank module.

    • Grasp the screws on each side and remove the blank module.

  4. Remove the LTE expansion module from the electrostatic bag.
  5. Grasp the screws on each side of the module faceplate and align the notches in the connector at the rear of the module with the notches in the module slot in the device.
  6. Slide the module in until it lodges firmly in the services gateway.
  7. Using a 1/8-in. (3-mm) flat-blade (–) screwdriver, tighten the screws on each side of the module faceplate.
  8. Remove the cover from the SIM slot, SIM 1. Insert the SIM card into the SIM slot. You can use the other slot, SIM 2, for installing a secondary SIM.
  9. Replace the cover over the SIM slots.
  10. Attach the antennas to the chassis. See Figure 1.
    Figure 1: Attaching Antennas to the LTE Expansion Module
    Attaching Antennas to the
LTE Expansion Module
  11. Power on the device.

Configuring the LTE Expansion Module

The LTE expansion module can be configured in three modes:

  • Always-on—The LTE expansion module connects to the 3G/4G network after booting. The connection is always maintained, as long as there are no network or connectivity problems.

    Note

    The default mode for LTE expansion module is always-on. For the LTE expansion module to be operational, you only need to install one SIM card on the LTE expansion module before powering on the device. There is no additional configuration required.

  • Dial-on-demand—The LTE expansion module initiates a connection when it receives interesting traffic. You define interesting traffic using the dialer filter. To configure dial-on-demand using a dialer filter, you first configure the dialer filter and then apply the filter to the dialer interface.

  • Backup—The LTE expansion module connects to the 3G/4G network when the primary connection fails.

You can configure the LTE expansion module either as a primary interface or as a backup interface. When configured as the primary interface, the LTE expansion module supports both the always-on and dial-on-demand modes. When configured as the backup interface, the LTE expansion module connects to the network only when the primary interface fails.

Profile configuration is not needed in most scenarios, as LTE has a built-in database of many service providers and can automatically select the profile to use. Occasionally, you might need to specify profiles explicitly in the configuration, in which case, the automatic profile selection is disabled.

Before you begin the configuration, insert the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) in the LTE expansion module. The SIM uses a profile to establish a connection with the network. You can configure up to 16 profiles for each SIM card. The LTE expansion module supports two SIM cards and so you can configure a total of 32 profiles, although only one profile can be active at a time. To configure the SIM profile, you will require the following information from the service provider:

  • Username and password

  • Access Point Name (APN)

  • Authentication (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) or Password Authentication Protocol (PAP))

Configuring the LTE Expansion Module for Primary Mode

Before you begin the procedure, ensure that the logical interface (dl0.0) is not configured as a backup. If dl0.0 is configured as a backup option for any interface on the device, then this configuration overrides the configuration outlined in this procedure, and the LTE expansion module will function as a backup interface.

Use the show interfaces | display set | match backup-option | match dl0.0 command to check whether any interface uses dl0.0 as a backup interface. If dl0.0 is configured as a backup interface, then delete the configuration by issuing the following command:

delete interfaces interface-name unit 0 backup-options interface dl0.0

To configure the LTE expansion module as a primary interface:

  1. Configure the dialer interface:
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet negotiate-address
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet6 negotiate-address
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options pool dialer-pool-number
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options dial-string dial-number
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options always-on
  2. Configure the dialer pool for the LTE physical interface:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 dialer-options pool dialer-pool-number
    Note

    The dialer-pool-number is always 1 as there is only one LTE interface on the NFX150.

  3. Configure the profile.
    user@host# run request modem wireless create-profile profile-id profile-id cl-1/1/0 slot sim-slot-number access-point-name apn-name authentication-method none
    Note

    sim-slot-number is the slot on the module in which the SIM card is inserted.

  4. Verify that the profile is configured successfully:
    user@host# run show modem wireless profiles cl-1/1/0 slot 1
  5. Activate the SIM card:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 act-sim sim-slot-number
  6. Select the profile and configure the radio access type for the SIM card:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 cellular-options sim sim-slot-number select-profile profile-id profile-id
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 cellular-options sim sim-slot-number radio-access automatic
    Note

    If a SIM card is installed in the second slot, then select the profile and configure the radio access type for the SIM card in the second slot as well.

  7. Verify the status of the wireless network and dialer interface:
    user@host# run show modem wireless network
    user@host# run show interfaces dl0.0

Configuring the LTE Expansion Module for Dial-on-Demand Mode

When the LTE expansion module is configured as a primary interface, it can function either in always-on mode or in dial-on-demand mode. In always-on mode, the interface remains connected to the network whereas In dial-on-demand mode, the connection is established only when needed.

In dial-on-demand mode, the dialer interface is enabled only when network traffic configured as an “interesting traffic” arrives on the network. Interesting traffic triggers or activates the wireless WAN connection. You define an interesting packet by using the dialer filter. To configure dial-on-demand by using a dialer filter, you first configure the dialer filter and then apply the filter to the dialer interface.

Once the traffic is sent over the network, an inactivity timer is triggered and the connection is closed after the timer expires.

Note

The dial-on-demand mode is supported only if the LTE expansion module is configured as a primary interface.

To configure the LTE expansion module as a dial-on-demand interface:

  1. Configure the dialer interface:
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet negotiate-address
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet6 negotiate-address
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet filter dialer dialer-filter-name
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options pool dialer-pool-number
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options dial-string dial-number
  2. (Optional) Configure the idle-timeout value, which determines the duration for which the connection will remain enabled in the absence of interesting traffic.
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options idle-timeout idle-timeout-value
  3. Configure the dialer pool for the LTE physical interface:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 dialer-options pool dialer-pool-number
    Note

    The dialer-pool-number is always 1 as there is only one LTE interface on the NFX150.

  4. Create the dialer filter rule:
    user@host# set firewall family inet dialer-filter dialer-filter-name term term1 from destination-address ip-address then note
  5. Set the default route:
    set routing-options static route ip-address next-hop dl0.0
  6. Configure the profile.
    user@host# run request modem wireless create-profile profile-id profile-id cl-1/1/0 slot sim-slot-number access-point-name apn-name authentication-method none
    Note

    sim-slot-number is the slot on the module in which the SIM card is inserted.

  7. Verify that the profile is configured successfully:
    user@host# run show modem wireless profiles cl-1/1/0 slot 1
  8. Activate the SIM card:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 act-sim sim-slot-number
  9. Select the profile and configure the radio access type for the SIM card:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 cellular-options sim sim-slot-number select-profile profile-id profile-id
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 cellular-options sim sim-slot-number radio-access automatic
    Note

    If a SIM card is installed in the second slot, then select the profile and configure the radio access type for the SIM card in the second slot as well.

  10. Verify the configuration by sending traffic to the destination address. The traffic is routed to the dl0 interface and if it matches the dialer filter rule, then the dl0 is triggered to dial.
  11. Verify the status of the wireless network and dialer interface:
    user@host# run show modem wireless network
    user@host# run show interfaces dl0.0

Configuring the LTE Expansion Module for Backup Mode

You can configure the LTE expansion module as a backup interface. If the primary interface fails, the LTE expansion module connects to the network and remains online only until the primary interface becomes functional. The dialer interface is enabled only when the primary interface fails.

To configure the LTE expansion module as a backup interface:

  1. Configure the dialer interface:
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet negotiate-address
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 family inet6 negotiate-address
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options pool dialer-pool-number
    user@host# set interfaces dl0 unit 0 dialer-options dial-string dial-number
  2. Configure the dialer pool for the LTE physical interface:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 dialer-options pool dialer-pool-number
    Note

    The dialer-pool-number is always 1 as there is only one LTE interface on the NFX150.

  3. Configure the profile.
    user@host# run request modem wireless create-profile profile-id profile-id cl-1/1/0 slot sim-slot-number access-point-name l3vpn.corp authentication-method none
    Note

    sim-slot-number is the slot on the LTE expansion module in which the SIM card is inserted.

  4. Verify that the profile is configured successfully:
    user@host# run show modem wireless profiles cl-1/1/0 slot 1
  5. Activate the SIM card:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 act-sim sim-slot-number
  6. Select the profile and configure the radio access type for the SIM card:
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 cellular-options sim sim-slot-number select-profile profile-id profile-id
    user@host# set interfaces cl-1/1/0 cellular-options sim sim-slot-number radio-access automatic
    Note

    If a SIM card is installed in the second slot, then select the profile and configure the radio access type for the SIM card in the second slot as well.

  7. Configure the Ethernet interface as the primary interface, which connects to the wireless network. Configure the dl0 interface as the backup interface.
    user@host# set interfaces ge-1/0/2 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.2.1/24
    user@host# set interfaces ge-1/0/2 unit 0 backup-options interface dl0.0
  8. Verify the status of the wireless network and dialer interface:
    user@host# run show modem wireless network
    user@host# run show interfaces dl0.0

Upgrading the Modem Firmware on NFX Devices Through Over-the-Air (OTA)

Over-the-Air (OTA) firmware upgrade enables automatic and timely upgrade of modem firmware when new firmware versions are available. The OTA upgrade can be enabled or disabled on the LTE module. OTA is disabled by default.

Note

When upgrading the software on the NFX devices, the LTE firmware is also upgraded if the software contains a newer firmware version.

  1. Enable OTA upgrade on the LTE module:

    user@host > request modem wireless fota cl-1/1/0 enable

  2. Initiate the firmware upgrade:

    user@host > request modem wireless upgrade cl-1/1/0

  3. Verify the firmware upgrade status:

    user@host > show modem wireless firmware cl-1/1/0

  4. Check the LTE module connection status:

    user@host > show modem wireless network cl-1/1/0