# Calculating the Power Margin for Fiber-Optic Cable for the SRX1400 Services Gateway

After calculating a link's power budget, you can calculate the
power margin (`P _{M}`), which
represents the amount of power available after subtracting attenuation
or link loss (

`LL`) from the power budget (

`P`). A worst-case estimate of

_{B}`P`assumes maximum

_{M}`LL`:

`P _{M} = P_{B} – LL`

A `P _{M}` greater than
zero indicates that the power budget is sufficient to operate the
receiver.

Factors that can cause link loss include higher-order mode losses, modal and chromatic dispersion, connectors, splices, and fiber attenuation. Table 1 lists an estimated amount of loss for the factors used in the following sample calculations. For information about the actual amount of signal loss caused by equipment and other factors, see your vendor documentation.

Table 1: Estimated Values for Factors That Cause Link Loss

Link-Loss Factor | Estimated Link-Loss Value |
---|---|

Higher-order mode losses | Single-mode—None Multimode—0.5 dB |

Modal and chromatic dispersion | Single-mode—None Multimode—None, if product of bandwidth and distance is less than 500 MHz–km |

Connector | 0.5 dB |

Splice | 0.5 dB |

Fiber attenuation | Single-mode—0.5 dB/km Multimode—1 dB/km |

The following example uses the estimated values in Table 1 to calculate link loss (`LL`) for a 2 km-long multimode link with a power budget
(`P _{B}`) of 13 dB:

Fiber attenuation for 2 km @ 1.0 dB/km= 2 dB

Loss for five connectors @ 0.5 dB per connector = 5(0.5 dB) = 2.5 dB

Loss for two splices @ 0.5 dB per splice =2(0.5 dB) = 1 dB

Higher-order loss = 0.5 dB

Clock recovery module = 1 dB

The power margin (`P _{M}`) is calculated as follows:

`P _{M} = P_{B} – LL`

`P _{M}` = 13
dB – 2 km (1.0 dB/km) – 5 (0.5 dB) – 2 (0.5 dB)
– 0.5 dB [HOL] – 1 dB [CRM]

`P _{M}` = 13
dB – 2 dB – 2.5 dB – 1 dB – 0.5 dB –
1 dB

`P _{M}` = 6
dB

The following sample calculation for an 8 km-long single-mode
link with a power budget (`P _{B}`) of 13 dB uses the estimated values from Table 1 to calculate link loss (

`LL`) as the sum of fiber attenuation (8 km @ 0.5 dB/km, or 4 dB) and loss for seven connectors (0.5 dB per connector, or 3.5 dB). The power margin (

`P`) is calculated as follows:

_{M}`P`

_{M} = P_{B} – LL

`P _{M}` = 13
dB – 8 km (0.5 dB/km) – 7 (0.5 dB)

`P _{M}` = 13
dB – 4 dB – 3.5 dB

`P _{M}` = 5.5
dB

In both examples, the calculated power margin is greater than zero, indicating that the link has sufficient power for transmission and does not exceed the maximum receiver input power.