Cooling System and Airflow for a QFX3500 Device

 

The cooling system in a QFX3500 device consists of two field-replaceable unit (FRU) fan trays with two fan modules each (see Figure 1) and two fan modules on the management board FRU (see Figure 2). In addition, the power supplies have internal fans to cool themselves.

Figure 1: Fan Tray for a QFX3500 Device
Fan Tray for a QFX3500 Device
Figure 2: Management Board for a QFX3500 Device
Management Board
for a QFX3500 Device

The QFX3500 device provides FRU-to-port or port-to-FRU airflow depending on the device model you purchase. Table 1 lists the different QFX3500 device models and their direction of airflow.

Note

In QFX Series device model names, AFI, or airflow in, describes FRU-to-port airflow. AFO, or airflow out, describes port-to-FRU airflow.

Note

The front panel of the device where the power supplies, fan trays, and management boards are located is the FRU side of the device.

Table 1: Airflow Direction in QFX3500 Device Models

Model

Direction of Airflow

QFX3500-48S4Q-ACR

FRU-to-port

QFX3500-48S4Q-AFI

FRU-to-port

QFX3500-48S4Q-AFO

Port-to-FRU

In the QFX3500 device models that have FRU-to-port airflow, the air intake to cool the chassis is located on the front panel of the chassis, where the FRUs are installed. Air is pulled into the chassis and pushed away from the fan trays and management board. Hot air exhausts from the rear of the chassis, where the ports are located. See Figure 3.

Figure 3: FRU-to-Port Airflow Through the QFX3500 Chassis
FRU-to-Port Airflow Through
the QFX3500 Chassis

In the QFX3500 device models that have port-to-FRU airflow, the air intake to cool the chassis is located on the rear panel of the chassis, the side with access and uplink ports. Air is pulled into the chassis and pulled through the fan trays and management boards. Hot air exhausts from the front of the chassis, where the FRUs are installed. See Figure 4.

Figure 4: Port-to-FRU Airflow Through the QFX3500 Chassis
Port-to-FRU Airflow Through
the QFX3500 Chassis

Each airflow type requires specific fan trays, management boards, and power supplies, that have fan modules oriented in the proper direction. The fan trays and management boards are designed so that they can only be inserted into the QFX3500 device model that supports the same airflow type. The power supplies have labels and arrows on the handles that depict the direction of airflow (see Figure 5). The label AFI denotes FRU-to-port airflow, AFO denotes port-to-FRU airflow.

Caution

Verify that the direction of the arrow on the power supply handle matches the direction of airflow in the chassis. See Table 1 to determine your model’s airflow direction.

Figure 5: Label Identifying Airflow Direction on Power Supply Handle
Label Identifying Airflow
Direction on Power Supply Handle

Table 2 lists the QFX3500 device FRUs and their direction of airflow.

Table 2: Airflow Direction in QFX3500 Device FRUs

FRU

Model

Direction of Airflow

RJ-45 management board

QFX3500-MB

FRU-to-port

QFX3500-MB-RJ45-AFO

Port-to-FRU

SFP management board

QFX3500-MB-SFP-AFI

FRU-to-port

QFX3500-MB-SFP-AFO

Port-to-FRU

Fan tray

QFX3500-FANAI

FRU-to-port

QFX3500-FAN-AFO

Port-to-FRU

AC power supply

  • JPSU-650W-AC-AFI

  • QFXC01-PWRACI-650A

FRU-to-port

JPSU-650W-AC-AFO

Port-to-FRU

DC power supply

JPSU-650W-DC-AFI

FRU-to-port

JPSU-650W-DC-AFO

Port-to-FRU

The chassis includes a fan speed-control system. Under normal operating conditions, fans operate at reduced speed to reduce noise and power consumption.

Temperature sensors in the chassis monitor the temperature within the chassis. The system raises an alarm if a fan fails or if the temperature inside the chassis rises above permitted levels. If the temperature inside the chassis rises above the threshold, the device shuts down automatically. You can see the status of fans and the temperature remotely through the CLI by issuing the operational mode command show chassis environment.

You cannot replace a single fan module. If one or more fan modules fail, you must replace the entire fan tray or management board.