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Cooling System and Airflow in an EX4400 Switch

 

The cooling system in an EX4400 switch consists of two fan modules for the chassis and a single built-in fan in each power supply. The airflow direction depends on the fan modules and power supplies installed in the switch. You can order an EX4400 switch that supports front-to-back (air enters through the front panel of the switch) or back-to-front airflow (air enters through the rear panel of the switch).

Fan Modules

The fan modules are hot-removable and hot-insertable field-replaceable units (FRUs) installed in the rear panel of the switch: You can remove and replace them without powering off the switch or disrupting switch functions.

We ship EX4400 switches with two fan modules (1+1 redundancy) preinstalled in the rear panel of the switch. The fan module slots are numbered 0 and 1 and each slot has a fan icon next to it.

The fan modules are available in two models that have different airflow directions:

  • Front-to-back (cold air enters through the vents on the front panel of the switch and hot air exhausts through the vents on the rear panel), indicated by the AIR OUT label and the Juniper Gold handle.

  • Back-to-front (cold air enters through the vents on the rear panel of the switch and hot air exhausts through the vents on the front panel), indicated by the AIR IN label and the Juniper Azure Blue handle.

Figure 1 shows the fan module used in an EX4400 switch.

Figure 1: Fan Module Used in an EX4400 Switch
Fan Module Used in an EX4400 Switch
Note

You must install all the fan modules for optimal functioning of the switch.

If the switch is operational while you are replacing fan modules, you must remove only one fan module at a time. The switch continues to operate for 60 seconds without thermal shutdown while you are replacing a fan module.

Caution

Do not mix:

  • Fan modules with different airflow directions in the same chassis.

  • Power supplies with different airflow directions in the same chassis.

  • Power supplies and fan modules with different airflow directions in the same chassis.

If you install power supplies or fan modules with different airflow directions, Junos OS raises an alarm.

Under normal operating conditions, the fan modules operate at a moderate speed. Temperature sensors in the chassis monitor the temperature within the chassis.

If a fan module fails or if the ambient temperature inside the chassis rises above the acceptable range, Junos OS raises an alarm. If the temperature inside the chassis rises above the threshold temperature, the system shuts down automatically.

EX4400 Switches with Front-to-Back Airflow

In the EX4400 switch models that have front-to-back airflow, cold air enters the chassis through the vents on the front panel and hot air exhausts the chassis through the vents on the rear panel.

  • Figure 2 shows the front-to-back airflow in an EX4400-24T switch.

  • Figure 3 shows the front-to-back airflow in an EX4400-24P switch.

  • Figure 4 shows the front-to-back airflow in an EX4400-48T switch.

  • Figure 5 shows the front-to-back airflow in an EX4400-48P switch.

  • Figure 6 shows the front-to-back airflow in an EX4400-48F switch.

Figure 2: Front-to-Back Airflow Through an EX4400-24T Switch Chassis
Front-to-Back Airflow Through an
EX4400-24T Switch Chassis
Figure 3: Front-to-Back Airflow Through an EX4400-24P Switch Chassis
Front-to-Back Airflow Through an
EX4400-24P Switch Chassis
Figure 4: Front-to-Back Airflow Through an EX4400-48T Switch Chassis
Front-to-Back Airflow Through an
EX4400-48T Switch Chassis
Figure 5: Front-to-Back Airflow Through an EX4400-48P Switch Chassis
Front-to-Back Airflow Through an
EX4400-48P Switch Chassis
Figure 6: Front-to-Back Airflow Through an EX4400-48F Switch Chassis
Front-to-Back Airflow Through an
EX4400-48F Switch Chassis

Mixing components with different airflow directions in the same chassis hampers the performance of the cooling system of the switch and leads to overheating of the chassis.

EX4400 Switches with Back-to-Front Airflow

In the EX4400 switch models that have back-to-front airflow, cold air enters the chassis through the vents on the rear panel of the switch and hot air exhausts the chassis through the vents on the front panel.

  • Figure 7 shows the back-to-front airflow in an EX4400-24T switch.

  • Figure 8 shows the back-to-front airflow in an EX4400-48T switch.

  • Figure 9 shows the back-to-front airflow in an EX4400-48F switch.

Figure 7: Back-to-Front Airflow Through an EX4400-24T Switch Chassis
Back-to-Front Airflow Through an
EX4400-24T Switch Chassis
Figure 8: Back-to-Front Airflow Through an EX4400-48T Switch Chassis
Back-to-Front Airflow Through an
EX4400-48T Switch Chassis
Figure 9: Back-to-Front Airflow Through an EX4400-48F Switch Chassis
Back-to-Front Airflow Through an
EX4400-48F Switch Chassis

Mixing components with different airflow directions in the same chassis hampers the performance of the cooling system of the switch and leads to overheating of the chassis.

How to Position the Switch

Position the switch with front-to-back airflow in such a manner that the AIR OUT labels on the fan modules and power supplies are next to the hot aisle (see Figure 10).

Figure 10: Deployment of Switches with Front-to-Back Airflow Through the Switch Chassis
Deployment of Switches with
Front-to-Back Airflow Through the Switch Chassis

Position the switch with back-to-front airflow in such a manner that the AIR IN labels on the fan modules and power supplies are next to the cold aisle (see Figure 11).

Figure 11: Deployment of Switches with Back-to-Front Airflow Through the Switch Chassis
Deployment of Switches with
Back-to-Front Airflow Through the Switch Chassis

Fan Module Status

Each fan module has a status LED on it that indicates the status of the fan module (see Figure 12).

Figure 12: Fan Module LED
Fan Module LED

Table 1 describes the LED.

Table 1: Fan Module Status LED

State

Description

Lit green

The fan module is functioning normally.

Unlit

Indicates one of the following:

  • The fan module is not installed properly.

  • The fan module is not functioning normally.

  • The airflow direction of the fan module does not match with the airflow direction of the other components installed in the switch.