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    VRRP Terms

    Table 1 provides definitions for the basic VRRP terms used in this chapter.

    Table 1: VRRP Definitions



    VRRP router

    A router that is running VRRP. It might participate in one or more virtual router IDs (VRIDs). An IP redundancy instance can:

    • Act as a master with associated addresses it owns at an IP interface
    • Act simultaneously as a backup for other routers with additional VRID mappings and priorities for those routers

    Master router

    The VRRP router that takes the responsibility of forwarding packets sent to the IP addresses associated with the virtual router, and that answers ARP requests for these IP addresses. If the IP address owner is available, it always becomes the master.

    Backup router

    The VRRP router available to take forwarding responsibility if the current master router fails.

    IP address owner

    The IP interface–VRID pair instance that has the associated IP addresses as real interface addresses. This router, when up, responds to packets addressed to one of these IP addresses for Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) pings or Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connections. The IP address owner is the primary router.

    Primary IP address

    An IP address configured as primary from the set of real interface addresses. VRRP advertisements are always sent (by the master router) using the primary IP address as the source of the IP packet.


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    Published: 2014-08-12