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    Hardware Multicast Packet Replication Considerations

    When configuring hardware multicast packet replication, the following considerations apply.

    • Do not configure or transmit routing protocols over port 8. The FC drops traffic routed to an IP interface stacked over port 8.
    • We recommend that you configure the IP address of the IP interface over port 8 to be unnumbered.
    • You must configure the same VLAN settings over the port (logical port 8, in this case) on which you configure the multicast replication feature for I/O modules or IOA and the physical ports.

      You cannot create the following configurations:

      • When two IP interfaces configured over a port reference the same IP interface over port 8. The system does not accept this configuration attempt because you typically configure the hardware multicast packet replication feature to redirect multicast traffic over one VLAN, then redirect it to the same VLAN on port 8.
      • When the IP interface configured with the hardware multicast packet replication attribute is not installed on a line module that supports hardware multicast packet replication.
      • When the IP interface designated by the hardware multicast packet replication attribute is not installed on a line module that supports hardware multicast packet replication.
      • When the IP interface designated by the hardware multicast packet replication attribute is not on the same line module as the IP interface configured with this attribute.
    • When you configure a unique source MAC address for VLANs on port 8, the hardware multicast packet replication hardware stamps the source MAC address on the VLAN, overwriting any MAC address that you configured. For more information, see Configuring Ethernet Interfaces in the JunosE Physical Layer Configuration Guide.
    • The regular multicast implementation utilizes interface stacking that provides a unique IP attachment point for each elaboration of the egress multicast packet.

      For the hardware multicast packet replication feature, you must attach policies to an interface stack over port 8 that defines the encapsulation of the egress multicast traffic. The system supports policies over port 8 just as it is above any of the other ports on this line module.

      Policies applied to the interface stack over port 8 affect the packets traversing this stack whether or not the packet is destined for one port or all of the physical ports. Therefore, you cannot apply different egress policies to multicast traffic for the interfaces stacked above different ports, or rate limit on an individual interface over a port. You also cannot monitor policy statistics on individual interfaces over a port.

      Instead, you can apply egress policy to an interface stacked over port 8. The system applies the policy before the packet has been elaborated for each of the ports.

    • The JunosE QoS component provides hierarchical egress scheduling and shaping on Gigabit Ethernet ports 0–7. The regular multicast implementation replicates packets on the FC, with each replicated packet placed on a line module queue destined for a single physical port. The line module queue can also receive QoS behavior specific to that queue.

      For the hardware multicast packet replication feature, the FC does not replicate the packet for each of the individual ports. Instead, it places the packet on a special queue destined for port 8.

      You can configure QoS on the packets flowing through port 8, but this has limited value because each packet passed through this port can be transmitted through one of more of the physical ports. Therefore, the packets placed on this special queue might not receive the same QoS behavior as ports 0–7.

      We recommend that you configure the network so the I/O or IOA queues are not oversubscribed. The traffic transmitted by the physical port is a combination of packets from the two I/O or IOA queues. When the sum of the packets in these queues is greater than line rate, the system can drop traffic that is not using hardware multicast packet replication.

      When you configure a traffic shaper on a physical port and configure hardware multicast packet replication, the packets created using the feature avoid the traffic shaper for that port. To control this, you can use traffic shaper on the physical port and port 8. The sum of the traffic shapers must be less than or equal to the line rate of the port.

      A traffic shaper on port 8 can result in the overall utilization of egress bandwidth for any one port being less the line rate because the packets being replicated might not be transmitted to every port. Packets destined to some of the ports contribute to the traffic shaping for all of the ports on the I/O module or IOA.

    Published: 2014-08-20