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    Policy Management Overview

    This chapter introduces policy-based routing management on E Series routers. Policy management enables you to configure, manage, and monitor policies that selectively cause packets to take different paths without requiring a routing table lookup. The JunosE Software’s packet-mirroring feature uses secure policies.

    Policy management enables network service providers to configure services that customize the treatment of individual packet flows received on a subscriber’s interface. The main tool for implementing policy management is a policy list. A policy list is a set of rules, each of which specifies a policy action. A rule is a policy action optionally combined with a classification.

    Packets are sorted at ingress or egress into packet flows based on attributes defined in classifier control lists (CLACLs). You can apply policy lists to packets arriving and leaving an interface. You can use policy management on ATM, Frame Relay, generic routing encapsulation (GRE), IP, IPv6, Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP), Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), and virtual local area network (VLAN) traffic.

    Policy management provides:

    • Policy routing—Predefines a classified packet flow to a destination port or IP address. The router does not perform a routing table lookup on the packet. This provides superior performance for real-time applications.
    • Bandwidth management—Rate-limits a classified packet flow at ingress to enforce ingress data rates below the physical line rate of a port, A rate-limit profile with a policy rate-limit profile rule provides this capability. You can construct policies to provide rate limiting for individual packet flows or for the aggregate of multiple packet flows. Juniper Networks E Series Broadband Services Router rate limits are calculated based on the layer 2 packet size. To configure rate limiting, you first create a rate-limit profile, which is a set of bandwidth attributes and associated actions. You next create a policy list with a rule that has rate limit as the action and associate a rate-limit profile with this rule. You can configure rate-limit profiles to provide a variety of services, including tiered bandwidth service where traffic conforming to configured bandwidth levels is treated differently than traffic that exceeds the configured values, and a hard-limit service where a fixed bandwidth limit is applied to a traffic flow. Finally, you can configure rate-limit profiles to provide a TCP-friendly rate-limiting service that works in conjunction with TCP’s native flow-control functionality.
    • Security—Provides a level of network security by using policy rules that selectively forward or filter packet flows. You can use a filter rule to stop a denial-of-service attack. You can use secure policies to mirror packets and send them to an analyzer.
    • RADIUS policy support—Enables you to create and attach a policy to an interface through RADIUS.
    • Packet tagging—Enables the traffic-class rule in policies to tag a packet flow so that the Quality of Service (QoS) application can provide traffic-class queuing. Policies can perform both in-band and out-of-band packet tagging.
    • Packet forwarding—Allows forwarding of packets in a packet flow.
    • Packet filtering—Drops packets in a packet flow.
    • Packet mirroring—Uses secure policies to mirror packets and send them to an analyzer.
    • Packet logging—Logs packets in a packet flow.

    Policy management gives you the CLI tools to build databases, which can then be drawn from to implement a policy. Each database contains global traffic specifications. When building a policy, you specify input from one or more of these databases and then attach the policy to an interface. By combining the information from the various databases into policies, you can deploy a wide variety of services.

    Note: When applying policies to interfaces that are managed by the SRC, avoid using any other policy management tools, such as CLI, RADIUS, COA, or Service Manager. SRC is not compatible with other types of policy management tools. When policies are applied to the interface before SRC management begins, such as at access-accept time, these policies are properly replaced. However, if other policy managers change existing policies while SRC management is active, problems can occur. The precedence of each source when modifying configurations is:

    • If you have a pre-configured policy through CLI as part of subscriber PVC/VLAN provisioning, SRC overwrites the policy when the SRC manages the interface
    • If you have a policy in the Access-Accept, SRC overwrites the policy when the SRC manages the interface

    Published: 2014-08-21