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    Implementing L2TP

    The implementation of L2TP for the E Series router uses four levels:

    • System—The router
    • Destination—The remote L2TP system
    • Tunnel—A direct path between the LAC and the LNS
    • Session—A PPP connection in a tunnel

    When the router has established destinations, tunnels, and sessions, you can control the L2TP traffic. Making a change to a destination affects all tunnels and sessions to that destination; making a change to a tunnel affects all sessions in that tunnel. For example, closing a destination closes all tunnels and sessions to that destination.

    Sequence of Events on the LAC

    The E Series router creates destinations, tunnels, and sessions dynamically, as follows:

    1. The client initiates a PPP connection with the router.
    2. The router and the client exchange Link Control Protocol (LCP) packets. For details about negotiating PPP connections, see the Configuring Point-to-Point Protocol chapter in the JunosE Link Layer Configuration Guide.
    3. By using either a local database related to the domain name or RADIUS authentication, the router determines either to terminate or to tunnel the PPP connection.
    4. If the router discovers that it should tunnel the session, it does the following:
      1. Sets up a new destination or selects an existing destination.
      2. Sets up a new tunnel or selects an existing tunnel.
      3. Opens a new session.
    5. The router forwards the results of the LCP negotiations and authentication to the LNS.

    A PPP connection now exists between the client and the LNS.

    Note: The router discards received packets if the size of the variable-length, optional offset pad field in the L2TP header is too large. The router always supports packets that have an offset pad field of up to 16 bytes, and may support larger offset pad fields, depending on other information in the header. This restriction is a possible, although unlikely, cause of excessive discarding of L2TP packets.

    Sequence of Events on the LNS

    The E Series router sets up an LNS as follows:

    1. An LAC initiates a tunnel with the router.
    2. The router verifies that a tunnel with this LAC is valid—destination configured, hostname and tunnel password correct.
    3. The router completes the tunnel setup with the LAC.
    4. The LAC sets up a session with the router.
    5. The router creates a dynamic PPP interface on top of the session.
    6. If they are enabled and present, the router takes the proxy LCP and the proxy authentication data and passes them to PPP.
    7. The E Series PPP processes the proxy LCP, if it is present, and, if acceptable, places LCP on the router in opened state without renegotiation of LCP.

      Note: If proxy LCP is not present or not acceptable, the router negotiates LCP with the remote system.

    8. The E Series PPP processes the proxy authentication data, if it is present, and passes the data to AAA for verification. (If the data is not present, E Series PPP requests the data from the remote system.)
    9. The router passes the authentication results to the remote system.

    Published: 2014-08-20