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    IS-IS and IS-ISv6 Effects on Graceful Restart and Network Stability During Unified ISSU

    IS-IS has the following issues to consider before you begin a unified in-service software upgrade:

    • Graceful restart—Required
    • Routing around the upgrading router—Optional

    Configuring Graceful Restart Before Unified ISSU Begins

    You must configure IS-IS graceful restart on the router and on all IS-IS and IS-ISv6 neighbors before you begin the unified in-service software upgrade. When the unified ISSU process verifies the upgrade requirements during the initialization phase, it detects whether graceful restart is configured. If it is not configured, the CLI displays a warning message and prompts you to proceed or halt. You can stop at this point to configure graceful restart.

    If instead you proceed, the unified in-service software upgrade can complete successfully, but the IS-IS and IS-ISv6 neighbors are likely to break the adjacencies with the upgrading router and consider that routes formerly reached through this router are now unreachable. When the unified in-service software upgrade completes and the routing protocols restart, the IS-IS and IS-ISv6 neighbors can relearn the routes through the router.

    When you issue the issu start command, IS-IS lengthens its hello timer values and sends LSPs with the new values. The upgrade proceeds when the IS-IS and IS-ISv6 neighbors have acknowledged the new values.

    Configuring Graceful Restart When BGP and LDP Are Configured

    When BGP, IS-IS, IS-ISv6, and LDP are all configured on a router on which you want to perform a unified in-service software upgrade, ensure that the IS-IS graceful restart timeout is longer than the LDP graceful restart timeout. The IS-IS graceful restart does not complete when the LDP graceful restart timeout is longer than the IS-IS graceful restart timeout. Configure IS-IS graceful timeout with the nsf t3 command. Configure LDP graceful restart timeout with the mpls ldp graceful-restart timers max-recovery command.

    Routing Around the Restarting Router to Minimize Network Instability

    Note: The situation described in this section is very uncommon. This rare circumstance arises when you have redundant uplinks to the core and network topology changes cause routes to go through the upgrading router. In a typical network design, this is not an issue and you do not need to route peers around the upgrading router.

    During the unified ISSU upgrade phase, network instability can result if the restarting router goes into an unstable state after the unified ISSU process fails. Some IS-IS traffic loss occurs during the resulting line module resets. For those reasons, you might want IS-IS peers to route around the router that is being upgraded.

    You can use the overload advertise-high-metric issu command to cause the router to advertise a high metric to its neighbors so that they route around the upgrading router. When you issue the issu start command, the router raises the metric to the maximum link cost on all interfaces running IS-IS. The maximum value depends on the metric type. IS-IS neighbors then choose a path with lower metrics to reach any destination that was previously reached through the upgrading router. When unified ISSU is completed, IS-IS reverts the metrics back to the values that were configured before the unified in-service software upgrade.

    When traffic engineering has been configured, the traffic engineering metrics are also increased. New tunnels are not established through the upgrading router and any tunnels undergoing re-optimization in other routers go around the upgrading router.

    IS-IS support for unified ISSU does not depend on this configuration. If you do not issue the overload advertise-high-metric issu command, the unified in-service software upgrade can still proceed to successful completion without disrupting IS-IS functionality.

     
     

    Published: 2014-08-12