Multicast OIF Mapping Case

Multicast OIF mapping enables the router to decrease the inefficiencies associated with replicating streams of multicast traffic. Using OIF maps, IGMP joins that the router receives on a subscriber interface can be mapped to a special interface for forwarding. This special interface can be on a different physical port or line module from that of the join interface.

Using this mapping function, the router can send a single copy of each multicast stream over the special interface and the access nodes are configured to perform any final replication to the subscribers and merge unicast and multicast data flows onto the subscriber interfaces as necessary. See Figure 2.

Figure 2: Multicast OIF Mapping

Multicast OIF Mapping

One disadvantage to using multicast OIF mapping is that the multicast traffic bypasses any QoS treatment that is applied to subscriber interfaces. Configuring QoS adjustment resolves this problem. With QoS adjustment configured, when a subscriber requests to receive a multicast stream (or, more appropriately, when an OIF is added to the mroute), the router reduces the unicast QoS bandwidth applied to the subscriber interface (that is, the join interface) by the amount of bandwidth for that multicast stream.

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