MPLS Terms and Acronyms

Table 50 defines terms and acronyms that are used in this discussion of MPLS.

Table 50: MPLS Terms and Acronyms

Term

Definition

Admission control

Accounting mechanism that tracks resource information. Prevents requests from being accepted if sufficient resources are not available.

BGP

Border Gateway Protocol, which provides loop-free interdomain routing between autonomous systems (ASs) and can act as a label distribution protocol for MPLS.

Branch node

An LSR in a point-to-multipoint LSP that is not an ingress node or an egress node. A branch node can be connected to other branch nodes, an ingress node, or an egress node.

Constraint-based routing

A mechanism to establish paths based on certain criteria (explicit route, QoS parameters). The standard routing protocols can be enhanced to carry additional information to be used when running the route calculation.

E-LSP

EXP-inferred-PSC LSP. The EXP field of the MPLS Shim Header is used to determine the per-hop behavior applied to the packet.

Explicit routing

A subset of constraint-based routing where the constraint is an explicit route

FEC

Forwarding equivalence class—Group of IP packets forwarded over the same path with the same path attributes applied

Label Distribution Protocol

  • A particular label distribution protocol used for label distribution among the routers in an MPLS domain; represented by the acronym LDP
  • In lowercase—label distribution protocol—a generic term for any of several protocols that distribute labels among the routers in an MPLS domain, including BGP, LDP, and RSVP-TE. This usage is not represented in this text by the acronym, LDP.

Leaf

Egress LSRs in a point-to-multipoint LSP. It is also referred as a leaf node.

LDP

Label Distribution Protocol—A particular protocol used for label distribution among the routers in an MPLS domain

This text does not use LDP to refer to the generic class of label distribution protocols.

LER

Label edge router—A label-switching router serving as an ingress or egress nodes

LSP

Label-switched path—The path traversed by a packet that is routed by MPLS. Some LSPs act as tunnels.

LSP priority level

A priority that indicates the importance of one LSP relative to another LSP. LSPs having higher priorities can preempt LSPs having lower priorities. Priorities range from 0 through 7 in order of decreasing priority.

L-LSP

Label-only-inferred-PSC LSP. The label value, and possibly the EXP-bits, are used to determine the per-hop behavior applied to the packet.

LSR

Label-switching router—An MPLS node that can forward layer 3 packets based on their labels

MPLS

Multiprotocol Label Switching—Set of techniques enabling forwarding of traffic using layer 2 and layer 3 information

MPLS edge node

MPLS node that connects an MPLS domain with a node outside the domain that either does not run MPLS or is in a different domain

MPLS egress node

MPLS edge node in the role of handling traffic as it leaves an MPLS domain

MPLS ingress node

MPLS edge node in the role of handling traffic as it enters an MPLS domain

MPLS label

Label carried in a packet header that represents a packet’s forwarding equivalence class

MPLS node

A router running MPLS. An MPLS node is aware of MPLS control protocols, operates one or more L3 routing protocols, and is capable of forwarding packets based on labels. Optionally, an MPLS node can be capable of forwarding native L3 packets.

Point-to-multipoint tunnel

The series of LSRs and links that form the path from an ingress LSR to all of its egress LSRs. Each tunnel is uniquely identified by a session object.

Point-to-multipoint LSP

An RSVP-TE LSP with a single ingress LSR and one or more egress LSRs. Incoming data is replicated at the branch nodes.

Provider edge router

PE—An LER at the edge of a service provider core that provides ingress to or egress from a VPN

Provider core router

P—An LSR within a service provider core that carries traffic for a VPN

RSVP

Resource Reservation Protocol; E Series routers do not support RSVP

RSVP-TE

Resource Reservation Protocol enhanced to support MPLS traffic engineering; E Series routers support RSVP-TE

Sub-LSP

The portion of the LSP from one LSR to another LSR in a point-to-multipoint tunnel.

Traffic engineering

The ability to control the path taken through a network or portion of a network based on a set of traffic parameters (bandwidth, QoS parameters, and so on). Traffic engineering (TE) enables performance optimization of operational networks and their resources.

Tunnel

LSP that is used by an IGP to reach a destination, or an LSP that uses traffic engineering

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