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Enabling an SNMP Script

 

SNMP scripts are stored on a device’s hard drive in the /var/db/scripts/snmp directory or on the flash drive in the /config/scripts/snmp directory. Only users in the Junos OS super-user login class can access and edit files in these directories. For information about setting the storage location for scripts, see Storing and Enabling Scripts and Storing Scripts in Flash Memory.

To prevent the execution of unauthorized Python code on devices running Junos OS, unsigned Python scripts must meet certain requirements before you can execute the scripts on a device. Starting in Junos OS Release 16.1R3, unsigned Python scripts must be owned by either root or a user in the Junos OS super-user login class, and only the file owner can have write permission for the file. Prior to Junos OS Release 16.1R3, unsigned Python scripts must only be owned by the root user. For detailed information about the requirements for executing Python automation scripts on devices running Junos OS, see Requirements for Executing Python Automation Scripts on Devices Running Junos OS.

Note

If the device has dual Routing Engines and you want to enable an SNMP script to execute on both Routing Engines, you must copy the script to the /var/db/scripts/snmp or /config/scripts/snmp directory on both Routing Engines. The commit synchronize command does not automatically copy scripts between Routing Engines.

You must enable an SNMP script before it can be executed. To enable an SNMP script, include the file filename statement at the [edit system scripts snmp] hierarchy level, specifying the name of a file containing an SNMP script. Only users who belong to the Junos OS super-user login class can enable SNMP scripts.

SLAX and Python scripts must include the .slax or .py filename extension, respectively, in both the actual script name and the filename in the configuration. XSLT scripts do not require a filename extension, but we strongly recommend that you append the .xsl extension. Whether or not you choose to include the .xsl extension on the file, the filename that you add at the [edit system scripts op file] hierarchy level must exactly match the filename of the script in the directory. For example, if the XSLT script filename is script1.xsl, then you must include script1.xsl in the configuration hierarchy to enable the script; likewise, if the XSLT script filename is script1, then you must include script1 in the configuration hierarchy.

To determine which SNMP scripts are currently enabled on the device, use the show command to display the files configured at the [edit system scripts snmp] hierarchy level. To ensure that the enabled files are on the device, list the contents of the /var/run/scripts/snmp/ directory using the file list /var/run/scripts/snmp operational mode command.

By default, you cannot execute unsigned Python scripts on devices running Junos OS. To enable the execution of unsigned Python automation scripts that meet the requirements outlined in Requirements for Executing Python Automation Scripts on Devices Running Junos OS, you must configure the language python statement at the [edit system scripts] hierarchy level.

By default, Junos OS executes Python SNMP scripts with the access privileges of the generic, unprivileged user and group nobody. Starting in Junos OS Release 16.1R3, you can specify the user under whose access privileges the Python script will execute. To execute a Python SNMP script under the access privileges of a specific user, configure the python-script-user username statement at the [edit system scripts snmp file filename] hierarchy level.

Note

To enable a user who does not belong to the file’s user or group class to execute an unsigned Python automation script, the script’s file permissions must include read permission for others.

In order for SNMP scripts to return values for OIDs, SNMP must be configured on the device running Junos OS. For more information about configuring SNMP, see the Network Management and Monitoring Guide.

Release History Table
Release
Description
Starting in Junos OS Release 16.1R3, unsigned Python scripts must be owned by either root or a user in the Junos OS super-user login class, and only the file owner can have write permission for the file.