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SSL Proxy

 

SSL proxy acts as an intermediary, performing SSL encryption and decryption between the client and the server. Better visibility into application usage can be made available when SSL forward proxy is enabled.

SSL Proxy Overview

SSL proxy is supported on SRX Series devices only.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is an application-level protocol that provides encryption technology for the Internet. SSL, also called Transport Layer Security (TLS), ensures the secure transmission of data between a client and a server through a combination of privacy, authentication, confidentiality, and data integrity. SSL relies on certificates and private-public key exchange pairs for this level of security.

SSL proxy is transparent proxy that performs SSL encryption and decryption between the client and the server.

How Does SSL Proxy Work?

SSL proxy provides secure transmission of data between a client and a server through a combination of following:

  • Authentication-Server authentication guards against fraudulent transmissions by enabling a Web browser to validate the identity of a webserver.

  • Confidentiality - SSL enforces confidentiality by encrypting data to prevent unauthorized users from eavesdropping on electronic communications; thus ensures privacy of communications.

  • Integrity- Message integrity ensures that the contents of a communication are not tampered.

SRX Series device acting as SSL proxy manages SSL connections between the client at one end and the server at the other end and performs following actions:

  • SSL session between client and SRX Series- Terminates an SSL connection from a client, when the SSL sessions are initiated from the client to the server. The SRX Series device decrypts the traffic, inspect it for attacks (both directions), and initiates the connection on the clients’ behalf out to the server.

  • SSL session between server and SRX Series - Terminates an SSL connection from a server, when the SSL sessions are initiated from the external server to local server. The SRX Series device receives clear text from the client, and encrypts and transmits the data as ciphertext to the SSL server. On the other side, the SRX Series decrypts the traffic from the SSL server, inspects it for attacks, and sends the data to the client as clear text.

  • Allows inspection of encrypted traffic.

SSL proxy server ensures secure transmission of data with encryption technology. SSL relies on certificates and private-public key exchange pairs to provide the secure communication. For more information, see Managing Certificates and Keys for SSL Proxy.

To establish and maintain an SSL session between the SRX Series device and its client/server, the SRX series device applies security policy to the traffic that it receives. When the traffic match the security policy criteria, SSL proxy is enabled as an application service within a security policy.

SSL Proxy with Application Security Services

Figure 1 shows how SSL proxy works on an encrypted payload.

Figure 1: SSL Proxy on an Encrypted Payload
SSL Proxy on an Encrypted Payload

When Advanced Security services such as application firewall (AppFW), Intrusion Detection and Prevention (IDP),application tracking (AppTrack), UTM, and SkyATP is configured, the SSL proxy acts as an SSL server by terminating the SSL session from the client and establishing a new SSL session to the server. The SRX Series device decrypts and then reencrypts all SSL proxy traffic.

IDP, AppFW, AppTracking, advanced policy-based routing (APBR), UTM, SkyATP, and ICAP service redirect can use the decrypted content from SSL proxy. If none of these services are configured, then SSL proxy services are bypassed even if an SSL proxy profile is attached to a firewall policy.

Types of SSL Proxy

SSL proxy is a transparent proxy that performs SSL encryption and decryption between the client and the server. SRX acts as the server from the client’s perspective and it acts as the client from the server’s perspective. On SRX Series devices, client protection (forward proxy) and server protection (reverse proxy) are supported using same echo system SSL-T-SSL [terminator on the client side] and SSL-I-SSL [initiator on the server side]).

SRX Series device support following types of SSL proxy:

  • Client-protection SSL proxy also known as forward proxy—The SRX Series device resides between the internal client and outside server. Proxying outbound session, that is, locally initiated SSL session to the Internet. It decrypts and inspects traffic from internal users to the web.

  • Server-protection SSL proxy also known as reverse proxy—The SRX Series device resides between the internal server and outside client. Proxying inbound session, that is, externally initiated SSL sessions from the Internet to the local server.

For more information on SSL forward proxy and reverse proxy, see Configuring SSL Proxy.

Supported SSL Protocols

The following SSL protocols are supported on SRX Series devices for SSL initiation and termination service:

  • TLS version 1.0—Provides authentication and secure communications between communicating applications.

  • TLS version 1.1—This enhanced version of TLS provides protection against cipher block chaining (CBC) attacks.

  • TLS version 1.2 — This enhanced version of TLS provides improved flexibility for negotiation of cryptographic algorithms.

Starting with Junos OS Release 15.1X49-D30 and Junos OS Release 17.3R1, TLS version 1.1 and TLS version 1.2 protocols are supported on SRX Series devices along with TLS version 1.0. Starting with Junos OS Release 15.1X49-D20 and Junos OS Release 17.3R1, the SSL protocol 3.0 (SSLv3) support is deprecated.

Benefits of SSL Proxy

  • Decrypts SSL traffic to obtain granular application information and enable you to apply advanced security services protection and detect threats.

  • Enforces the use of strong protocols and ciphers by the client and the server.

  • Provides visibility and protection against threats embedded in SSL encrypted traffic.

  • Controls what needs to be decrypted by using Selective SSL Proxy.

Logical Systems Support

It is possible to enable SSL proxy on firewall policies that are configured using logical systems; however, note the following limitations:

  • The “services” category is currently not supported in logical systems configuration. Because SSL proxy is under “services,” you cannot configure SSL proxy profiles on a per-logical-system basis.

  • Because proxy profiles configured at a global level (within “services ssl proxy”) are visible across logical system configurations, it is possible to configure proxy profiles at a global level and then attach them to the firewall policies of one or more logical systems.

Limitations

On all SRX Series devices, the current SSL proxy implementation has the following connectivity limitations:

  • The SSLv3.0 protocol support is deprecated.

  • The SSLv2 protocol is not supported. SSL sessions using SSLv2 are dropped.

  • Only X.509v3 certificate is supported.

  • Client authentication of SSL handshake is not supported.

  • SSL sessions where client certificate authentication is mandatory are dropped.

  • SSL sessions where renegotiation is requested are dropped.

On SRX Series devices, for a particular session, the SSL proxy is only enabled if a relevant feature related to SSL traffic is also enabled. Features that are related to SSL traffic are IDP, application identification, application firewall, application tracking, advanced policy-based routing, UTM, SkyATP, and ICAP redirect service. If none of these features are active on a session, the SSL proxy bypasses the session and logs are not generated in this scenario.