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Monitoring Interfaces

 

This topic discusses about tracing operations of individual router interface, interface process, and pppd process.

Tracing Interface Operations Overview

You can trace the operations of individual router interfaces and those of the interface process (dcd). For a general discussion of tracing and of the precedence of multiple tracing operations, see the Junos OS Administration Library.

For information about the operations of Virtual Router Resolution Protocol (VRRP)-enabled interfaces, see the High Availability User Guide.

Tracing Operations of an Individual Router Interface

To trace the operations of individual router interfaces, perform the following steps:

  1. In configuration mode, go to the [edit interfaces interface-name] hierarchy level:
  2. Configure the traceoptions option.
  3. Configure the tracing flag.

You can specify the following interface tracing flags:

  • all—Trace all interface operations.

  • event—Trace all interface events.

  • ipc—Trace all interface interprocess communication (IPC) messages.

  • media—Trace all interface media changes.

The interfaces traceoptions statement does not support a trace file. The logging is done by the kernel, so the tracing information is placed in the system syslog files.

For more information about trace operations, see Tracing Operations of the Interface Process.

See also

Tracing Operations of the Interface Process

To trace the operations of the router or switch interface process, dcd, perform the following steps:

  1. In configuration mode, go to the [edit interfaces] hierarchy level:
  2. Configure the traceoptions statement.
  3. Configure the no-remote-trace option to disable remote tracing.
  4. Configure the file filename option.
  5. Configure the files number option, match regular-expression option, size size option, and world-readable | no-world-readable option.
  6. Configure the tracing flag.
  7. Configure the disable option in flag flag-option statement to disable the tracing operation. You can use this option to disable a single operation when you have defined a broad group of tracing operations, such as all.

You can specify the following flags in the interfaces traceoptions statement:

  • all—Enable all configuration logging.

  • change-events—Log changes that produce configuration events.

  • gres-events—Log the events related to GRES.

  • resource-usage—Log the resource usage for different states.

  • config-states—Log the configuration state machine changes.

  • kernel—Log configuration IPC messages to kernel.

  • kernel-detail—Log details of configuration messages to kernel.

  • select-events—Log the events on select state machine.

By default, interface process operations are placed in the file named dcd and three 1-MB files of tracing information are maintained.

For general information about tracing, see the tracing and logging information in the Junos OS Administration Library.