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    VPN Terminology

    C  P  

    C

    Customer edge (CE) devices

    Routers or switches located at the customer site that connect to the provider’s network. CE devices are typically IP routers, but could also be an Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), Frame Relay, or Ethernet switch.

    P

    Provider (P) routers

    Routers within the core of the provider’s network that are not connected to any routers at a customer site but are part of the tunnel between pairs of PE routers. P routers support MPLS LSP or LDP functionality, but do not need to support VPN functionality.

    Provider edge (PE) routers

    Routers in the provider’s network that connect to customer edge devices located at customer sites. PE routers support VPN and label functionality. (The label functionality can be provided either by the Resource Reservation Protocol [RSVP] or Label Distribution Protocol [LDP].) Within a single VPN, pairs of PE routers are connected through a tunnel, which can be either an MPLS label-switched path (LSP) or an LDP tunnel.

    Modified: 2014-04-11