Example: Configuring an EX3300 Virtual Chassis with a Primary and Backup
A Virtual Chassis configuration is a scalable switch. You can provide secure, redundant network accessibility with a basic two-member EX3300 Virtual Chassis and later expand the Virtual Chassis configuration to provide additional access ports as your office grows.
This example describes how to configure an EX3300 Virtual Chassis with a primary and backup in a single wiring closet. You could use the same software configuration, however, if the EX3300 switches were connected across wiring closets.
This example uses the following hardware and software components:
Junos OS Release 11.3 or later for EX Series switches
Two EX3300 switches
Before you begin, be sure you have:
- Rack-mounted the switches. See Mounting an EX3300 Switch.
- Cabled the switches. See Virtual Chassis Cabling Configuration Examples for EX3300 Switches.
Overview and Topology
A Virtual Chassis configuration allows you to accommodate the networking needs of a growing office. The default configuration of a two-member Virtual Chassis includes a primary and a backup switch. In addition to providing more access ports than a single switch can provide, a Virtual Chassis configuration provides high availability through redundancy.
This example shows a Virtual Chassis configuration composed of two EX3300 switches. By default, EX3300 switches have two uplink ports configured as Virtual Chassis ports (VCPs). The EX3300 Virtual Chassis is connected using these VCPs.
After you interconnect the switches with the VCPs and power on the switches, the VCPs are operational. The primary role priorities and member IDs are assigned by the software. The software elects a primary based on several criteria, including how long a member switch has belonged to the Virtual Chassis configuration. For additional details, see Understanding How the Primary in a Virtual Chassis Is Elected. Therefore, we recommend that you start by powering on only one member switch, the one that you want to function as the primary.
We recommend that you use the commit synchronize command to save any configuration changes that you make to a multimember Virtual Chassis.
The topology for this example consists of two EX3300 switches.
Table 1 shows the default configuration settings for the two-member Virtual Chassis.
Table 1: Components of the Basic Virtual Chassis Access Switch Topology
|Member Switch||Hardware||Member ID||Role and Priority|
Primary: primary-role priority 128
Backup: primary-role priority 128
Configure a Virtual Chassis with a default primary and backup in a single wiring closet:
To configure a Virtual Chassis with primary and backup:
- Make sure the VCPs on the rear panel of the member switches are properly cabled. See Virtual Chassis Cabling Configuration Examples for EX3300 Switches.
- Power on SWA-0 (the member switch that you want to function as the primary).
- Check the front-panel LCD to confirm that the switch has powered on correctly.
- Run the EZSetup program on SWA-0, specifying the identification parameters. See Connecting and Configuring an EX Series Switch (CLI Procedure) or Connecting and Configuring an EX Series Switch (J-Web Procedure) for details.
- Configure SWA-0 with the virtual management Ethernet (VME)
interface for out-of-band management of the Virtual Chassis configuration,
user@SWA-0# set interfaces vme unit 0 family inet address /ip-address/mask/
- (Optional, but recommended) Disable the split and merge
user@SWA-0# set no-split-detection
- Power on SWA-1.
To confirm that the Virtual Chassis configuration is operational, perform these tasks:
Verifying That the Primary-role Priority Is Assigned Appropriately
Verify that the primary, which has been selected by default, is the member switch that you want to function in that role.
- Check the front-panel LCD to confirm that the switch has powered on correctly and that a member ID has been assigned.
- List the member switches of the Virtual Chassis configuration.
user@SWA-0> show virtual-chassis
Virtual Chassis ID: 0019.e250.47a0 Mastership Neighbor List Member ID Status Serial No Model priority Role ID Interface 0 (FPC 0) Prsnt AK0207360276 ex3300-24t 128 Master* 1 vcp-255/1/2 1 vcp-255/1/3 1 (FPC 1) Prsnt AK0207360281 ex3300-24t 128 Backup 0 vcp-255/1/2 0 vcp-255/1/3 Member ID for next new member: 2 (FPC 2)
The show virtual-chassis command lists the member switches interconnected in a Virtual Chassis configuration with the member IDs that have been assigned by the primary, the primary-role priority values, and the roles. It also displays the neighbor members with which each member is interconnected. The output shows that SWA-0, member 0, has been assigned default primary-role priority 128. Because SWA-0 is the first member to be powered on, it has the most seniority and is therefore assigned the role of primary. SWA-1 is powered on after member 0, so it is assigned the role of backup. The member IDs are displayed on the front panel of the switches. Check and confirm whether the default assignment is satisfactory.
Verifying That the VCPs Are Operational
Verify that the VCPs interconnecting the switches are operational.
Display the VCPs of all the members:
user@SWA-0> show virtual-chassis vc-port all-members
fpc0: -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Interface Type Status Speed Neighbor or (mbps) ID Interface PIC / Port 1/2 Configured Up 10000 1 vcp-255/1/2 1/3 Configured Up 10000 1 vcp-255/1/3 fpc1: -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Interface Type Status Speed Neighbor or (mbps) ID Interface PIC / Port 1/2 Configured Up 10000 0 vcp-255/1/2 1/3 Configured Up 10000 0 vcp-255/1/3
The show virtual-chassis vc-port command lists the interfaces that are enabled for the member switches of the Virtual Chassis configuration and shows the status of the interfaces. The output in this example shows that two of the VCPs are operational and two VCPs are not. A single cable has been used to interconnect vcp-0 of member ID 0 and vcp-0 of member ID 1. That interconnection is sufficient for the switch to be operational. However, we recommend that you connect the second set of VCPs for redundancy.
Troubleshooting the Virtual Chassis
To troubleshoot the configuration of a Virtual Chassis, perform these tasks:
Troubleshooting the Assignment of Roles
The primary and backup roles are not assigned to the member switches that you want to function in these roles.
Modify the primary-role priority values.
To quickly modify the primary-role priority of SWA-1 (member ID 1), copy the following command and paste it into the switch terminal window:
user@SWA-1# set member 1 mastership-priority 255
Troubleshooting the VCPs
The VCPs are down.
- Check to make sure that you have cabled the appropriate ports.
- Check to make sure that the cables are seated properly.
You should generally cable and interconnect both of the VCPs on the member switches, for redundancy and high availability.