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    Example: Setting Up VoIP with 802.1X and LLDP-MED on an EX Series Switch

    You can configure voice over IP (VoIP) on an EX Series switch to support IP telephones. The Link Layer Discovery Protocol–Media Endpoint Discovery (LLDP-MED) protocol forwards VoIP parameters from the switch to the phone. You also configure 802.1X authentication to allow the telephone access to the LAN. Authentication is done through a backend RADIUS server.

    This example describes how to configure VoIP on an EX Series switch to support an Avaya IP phone, as well as the LLDP-MED protocol and 802.1X authentication:

    Note: If your switch runs Junos OS for EX Series switches with support for the Enhanced Layer 2 Software (ELS) configuration style, see Example: Setting Up VoIP with 802.1X and LLDP-MED on an EX Series Switch. For ELS details, see Getting Started with Enhanced Layer 2 Software.

    Requirements

    This example uses the following hardware and software components:

    • Junos OS Release 9.1 or later for EX Series switches
    • One EX Series switch acting as an authenticator port access entity (PAE). The interfaces on the authenticator PAE form a control gate that blocks all traffic to and from supplicants until they are authenticated.
    • An Avaya 9620 IP telephone that supports LLDP-MED and 802.1X

    Before you configure VoIP, be sure you have:

    Note: If the IP address isn't configured on the Avaya IP phone, the phone exchanges LLDP-MED information to get the VLAN ID for the voice VLAN. You must configure the voip statement on the interface to designate the interface as a VoIP interface and allow the switch to forward the VLAN name and VLAN ID for the voice VLAN to the IP telephone. The IP telephone then uses the voice VLAN (that is, it references the voice VLAN’s ID) to send a DHCP discover request and exchange information with the DHCP server (voice gateway).

    Overview and Topology

    Instead of using a regular telephone, you connect an IP telephone directly to the switch. An IP phone has all the hardware and software needed to handle VoIP. You also can power an IP telephone by connecting it to one of the Power over Ethernet (PoE) interfaces on the switch.

    In this example, the access interface ge-0/0/2 on the EX4200 switch is connected to an Avaya 9620 IP telephone. Avaya phones have a built-in bridge that allows you to connect a desktop PC to the phone, so the desktop and phone in a single office require only one interface on the switch. The EX Series switch is connected to a RADIUS server on interface ge-0/0/10 (see Figure 1).

    Figure 1: VoIP Topology

    VoIP Topology

    In this example, you configure VoIP parameters and specify the forwarding class assured-forward for voice traffic to provide the highest quality of service.

    Table 1 describes the components used in this VoIP configuration example.

    Table 1: Components of the VoIP Configuration Topology

    PropertySettings

    Switch hardware

    EX4200 switch

    VLAN names

    data-vlan
    voice-vlan

    Connection to Avaya phone—with integrated hub, to connect phone and desktop PC to a single interface (requires PoE)

    ge-0/0/2

    One RADIUS server

    Provides backend database connected to the switch through interface ge-0/0/10.

    As well as configuring a VoIP for interface ge-0/0/2, you configure:

    • 802.1X authentication. Authentication is set to multiple supplicant to support more than one supplicant's access to the LAN through interface ge-0/0/2.
    • LLDP-MED protocol information. The switch uses LLDP-MED to forward VoIP parameters to the phone. Using LLDP-MED ensures that voice traffic gets tagged and prioritized with the correct values at the source itself. For example, 802.1p class of service and 802.1Q tag information can be sent to the IP telephone.

      Note: A PoE configuration is not necessary if an IP telephone is using a power adapter.

    Configuration

    To configure VoIP, LLDP-MED, and 802.1X authentication:

    CLI Quick Configuration

    To quickly configure VoIP, LLDP-MED, and 802.1X, copy the following commands and paste them into the switch terminal window:

    [edit]

    set vlans data-vlan vlan-id 77

    set vlans voice-vlan vlan-id 99

    set vlans data-vlan interface ge-0/0/2.0

    set interfaces ge-0/0/2 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members data-vlan

    set interfaces ge-0/0/2 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode access

    set ethernet-switching-options voip interface ge-0/0/2.0 vlan voice-vlan

    set ethernet-switching-options voip interface ge-0/0/2.0 forwarding-class assured-forwarding

    set protocols lldp-med interface ge-0/0/2.0

    set protocols dot1x authenticator interface ge-0/0/2.0 supplicant multiple

    Step-by-Step Procedure

    To configure VoIP with LLDP-MED and 802.1X:

    1. Configure the VLANs for voice and data:
      [edit vlans]
      user@switch# set data-vlan vlan-id 77
      user@switch# set voice-vlan vlan-id 99
    2. Associate the VLAN data-vlan with the interface:
      [edit vlans]
      user@switch# set data-vlan interface ge-0/0/2.0
    3. Configure the interface as an access interface, configure support for Ethernet switching, and add the data-vlan VLAN:
      [edit interfaces]
      user@switch# set ge-0/0/2 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members data-vlan
      user@switch# set ge-0/0/2 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode access
    4. Configure VoIP on the interface and specify the assured-forwarding forwarding class to provide the most dependable class of service:
      [edit ethernet—switching—options]
      user@switch# set voip interface ge-0/0/2.0 vlan voice-vlan
      user@switch# set voip interface ge-0/0/2.0 forwarding-class assured-forwarding
    5. Configure LLDP-MED protocol support:
      [edit protocols]
      user@switch# set lldp-med interface ge-0/0/2.0
    6. To authenticate an IP phone and a PC connected to the IP phone on the interface, configure 802.1X authentication support and specify multiple supplicant mode:

      Note: If you do not want to authenticate any device, skip the 802.1X configuration on this interface.

      [edit protocols]
      user@switch# set dot1x authenticator interface ge-0/0/2.0 supplicant multiple

    Results

    Display the results of the configuration:

    [edit]user@switch# show configuration
    interfaces {ge-0/0/2 {unit 0 {family ethernet-switching {port-mode access;vlan {members data-vlan;}}}}}
    protocols {lldp-med {interface ge-0/0/2.0;}dot1x {authenticator {interface {ge-0/0/2.0 {supplicant multiple;}}}}}
    vlans {data-vlan {vlan-id 77;interface {ge-0/0/2.0;}}voice-vlan {vlan-id 99;}}
    ethernet-switching options {voip {interface ge-0/0/2.0 {vlan voice-vlan;forwarding-class assured-forwarding;}}}

    Verification

    To confirm that the configuration is working properly, perform these tasks:

    Verifying LLDP-MED Configuration

    Purpose

    Verify that LLDP-MED is enabled on the interface.

    Action

    user@switch> show lldp detail
    LLDP                   : Enabled
    Advertisement interval : 30 Second(s)
    Transmit delay         : 2 Second(s)
    Hold timer             : 2 Second(s)
    Config Trap Interval   : 300 Second(s)
    Connection Hold timer  : 60 Second(s)
    
    LLDP MED               : Enabled
    MED fast start count   : 3 Packet(s)
    
    
    Interface      LLDP       LLDP-MED    Neighbor count
    all            Enabled    -           0         
    ge-0/0/2.0     -          Enabled     0         
    
    Interface     VLAN-id     VLAN-name
    ge-0/0/0.0    0           default  
    ge-0/0/1.0    0           employee-vlan
    ge-0/0/2.0    0           data-vlan
    ge-0/0/2.0    99          voice-vlan
    ge-0/0/3.0    0           employee-vlan
    ge-0/0/8.0    0           employee-vlan
    ge-0/0/10.0   0           default  
    ge-0/0/11.0   20          employee-vlan
    ge-0/0/23.0   0           default  
    
    LLDP basic TLVs supported: 
    Chassis identifier, Port identifier, Port description, System name, System
    description, System capabilities, Management address.
    
    LLDP 802 TLVs supported: 
    Power via MDI, Link aggregation, Maximum frame size, Port VLAN tag, Port
    VLAN name.
    
    LLDP MED TLVs supported: 
    LLDP MED capabilities, Network policy, Endpoint location, Extended power
    Via MDI.
    
    

    Meaning

    The show lldp detail output shows that both LLDP and LLDP-MED are configured on the ge-0/0/2.0 interface. The end of the output shows the list of supported LLDP basic TLVs, 802.3 TLVs, and LLDP-MED TLVs that are supported.

    Verifying 802.1X Authentication for IP Phone and Desktop PC

    Purpose

    Display the 802.1X configuration to confirm that the VoIP interface has access to the LAN.

    Action

    user@switch> show dot1x interface ge/0/0/2.0 detail
    ge-0/0/2.0
      Role: Authenticator
      Administrative state: Auto
      Supplicant mode: Multiple
      Number of retries: 3
      Quiet period: 60 seconds
      Transmit period: 30 seconds
      Mac Radius: Disabled
      Mac Radius Restrict: Disabled
      Reauthentication: Enabled
      Configured Reauthentication interval: 3600 seconds
      Supplicant timeout: 30 seconds
      Server timeout: 30 seconds
      Maximum EAPOL requests: 2
      Guest VLAN member: <not configured>
      Number of connected supplicants: 1
        Supplicant: user101, 00:04:0f:fd:ac:fe
          Operational state: Authenticated
          Authentication method: Radius
          Authenticated VLAN: vo11
          Dynamic Filter: match source-dot1q-tag 10 action deny
          Session Reauth interval: 60 seconds
          Reauthentication due in 50 seconds
    

    Meaning

    The field Role shows that the ge-0/0/2.0 interface is in the authenticator state. The Supplicant field shows that the interface is configured in multiple supplicant mode, permitting multiple supplicants to be authenticated on this interface. The MAC addresses of the supplicants currently connected are displayed at the bottom of the output.

    Verifying the VLAN Association with the Interface

    Purpose

    Display the interface state and VLAN membership.

    Action

     Ethernet-switching table: 0 entries, 0 learned
    
    user@switch> show ethernet-switching interfaces 
    Interface   State    VLAN members           Blocking 
    ge-0/0/0.0  down     default                unblocked
    ge-0/0/1.0  down     employee-vlan          unblocked
    ge-0/0/5.0  down     employee-vlan          unblocked
    ge-0/0/3.0  down     employee-vlan          unblocked
    ge-0/0/8.0  down     employee-vlan          unblocked
    ge-0/0/10.0 down     default                unblocked
    ge-0/0/11.0 down     employee-vlan          unblocked
    ge-0/0/23.0 down     default                unblocked
    ge-0/0/2.0  up       voice-vlan             unblocked
                         data-vlan              unblocked

    Meaning

    The field VLAN members shows that the ge-0/0/2.0 interface supports both the data-vlan VLAN and voice-vlan VLAN. The State field shows that the interface is up.

    Modified: 2017-07-17