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    Synchronous Ethernet Overview on the ACX Series Universal Access Routers

    Synchronous Ethernet is supported on the ACX Series routers with Gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP and SFP+ transceivers and is compliant with ITU-T Recommendation G.8261: Timing and synchronization aspects in packet networks and ITU-T Recommendation G8264: Distribution of timing through packet networks.Synchronous Ethernet is a physical layer frequency transfer technology modeled after synchronization in SONET/SDH. Traditional Ethernet nodes, which do not support Synchronous Ethernet, do not carry synchronization from one node link to another. Synchronous Ethernet–capable nodes however can synchronize their chassis clock to a clock recovered from an interface connected to an upstream clock master. After this, the clock is used to time data sent to downstream clock slaves, forming a synchronization trail from a Primary Reference Clock (PRC) to Ethernet equipment clocks (EECs) and transferring frequency synchronization along the trail.

    The ITU-T G.8264 specification defines the Synchronization Status Message (SSM) protocol and its format for Synchronous Ethernet to ensure interoperability between Synchronous Ethernet equipment used for frequency transfer—for example, SONET/SDH. Synchronous Ethernet provides stable frequency synchronization to a PRC and is not affected by load on the network. However, it requires that all the nodes from the PRC to the last downstream node are Synchronous Ethernet capable. Synchronous Ethernet is a recommended technology for mobile networks that require frequency-only synchronization—for example, 2G or 3G base stations.

    Modified: 2016-05-31