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Understanding Layer 2 Security Zones

 

A Layer 2 security zone is a zone that hosts Layer 2 interfaces. A security zone can be either a Layer 2 or Layer 3 zone; it can host either all Layer 2 interfaces or all Layer 3 interfaces, but it cannot contain a mix of Layer 2 and Layer 3 interfaces.

The security zone type—Layer 2 or Layer 3—is implicitly set from the first interface configured for the security zone. Subsequent interfaces configured for the same security zone must be the same type as the first interface.

Note

You cannot configure a device with both Layer 2 and Layer 3 security zones.

You can configure the following properties for Layer 2 security zones:

  • Interfaces—List of interfaces in the zone.

  • Policies—Active security policies that enforce rules for the transit traffic, in terms of what traffic can pass through the firewall, and the actions that need to take place on the traffic as it passes through the firewall.

  • Screens—A Juniper Networks stateful firewall secures a network by inspecting, and then allowing or denying, all connection attempts that require passage from one security zone to another. For every security zone, and the MGT zone, you can enable a set of predefined screen options that detect and block various kinds of traffic that the device determines as potentially harmful.

    Note

    You can configure the same screen options for a Layer 2 security zone as for a Layer 3 security zone.

  • Address books—IP addresses and address sets that make up an address book to identify its members so that you can apply policies to them.

  • TCP-RST—When this feature is enabled, the system sends a TCP segment with the reset flag set when traffic arrives that does not match an existing session and does not have the synchronize flag set.

In addition, you can configure a Layer 2 zone for host-inbound traffic. This allows you to specify the kinds of traffic that can reach the device from systems that are directly connected to the interfaces in the zone. You must specify all expected host-inbound traffic because inbound traffic from devices directly connected to the device's interfaces is dropped by default.