Understanding Firewall User Authentication in Transparent Mode
A firewall user is a network user who must provide a username and password for authentication when initiating a connection across the firewall. Firewall user authentication enables administrators to restrict and permit users accessing protected resources behind a firewall based on their source IP address and other credentials. Junos OS supports the following types of firewall user authentication for transparent mode on the SRX Series device:
Pass-through authentication—A host or a user from one zone tries to access resources on another zone. You must use an FTP, Telnet, or HTTP client to access the IP address of the protected resource and be authenticated by the firewall. The device uses FTP, Telnet, or HTTP to collect username and password information, and subsequent traffic from the user or host is allowed or denied based on the result of this authentication.
Web authentication—Users try to connect, by using HTTP, to an IP address on the IRB interface that is enabled for Web authentication. You are prompted for the username and password that are verified by the device. Subsequent traffic from the user or host to the protected resource is allowed or denied based on the result of this authentication.