Understanding MAC Limiting and MAC Move Limiting for Port Security
MAC limiting protects against flooding of the Ethernet switching table (also known as the MAC forwarding table or Layer 2 forwarding table). You enable this feature on Layer 2 interfaces (ports). MAC move limiting detects MAC movement and MAC spoofing on access interfaces. You enable this feature on VLANs.
MAC limiting sets a limit on the number of MAC addresses that can be learned on a single Layer 2 access interface or on all the Layer 2 access interfaces on the switch. Junos OS provides two MAC limiting methods:
Maximum number of MAC addresses—You configure the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses allowed per interface. When the limit is exceeded, incoming packets with new MAC addresses can be ignored, dropped, or logged. You can also specify that the interface be shut down or temporarily disabled.
Allowed MAC addresses—You configure specific “allowed” MAC addresses for the access interface. Any MAC address that is not in the list of configured addresses is not learned, and the switch logs an appropriate message. Allowed MAC binds MAC addresses to a VLAN so that the address does not get registered outside the VLAN. If an allowed MAC setting conflicts with a dynamic MAC setting, the allowed MAC setting takes precedence.
If you do not want the system to log messages about invalid MAC addresses received by an interface that has been configured for allowed MAC addresses, disable the logging by configuring the no-allowed-mac-log statement.
You configure MAC limiting per interface, not per VLAN. You can specify the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses that can be learned on a single Layer 2 access interface (including tagged-access interfaces) or on all Layer 2 access interfaces.
MAC Move Limiting
MAC move limiting causes the switch to track the number of times a MAC address can move to a new interface (port). It can help to prevent MAC spoofing, and it can also detect and prevent loops.
If a MAC address moves more than the configured number of times within 1 second, the switch performs the configured action. You can configure MAC move limiting to apply to all VLANs or to a specific VLAN.
Mac move limiting does not work properly on a QFX5100 switch used as a Node device in a QFabric system. Do not use this feature on a QFX5100 switch in a QFabric system.
Actions for MAC Limiting
You can choose to have one of the following actions performed when the limit of MAC addresses or the limit of MAC moves is exceeded:
drop—Drop the packet and generate a system log entry. This is the default.
log—Do not drop the packet but generate a system log entry.
none—Take no action.
shutdown—Disable the interface and generate an alarm. If you configure the switch with the port-error-disable statement, the disabled interface recovers automatically upon expiration of the specified timeout. If this is not configured, you can bring up the disabled interfaces by running the clear ethernet-switching port-error command.
See descriptions of results of these various action settings in Verifying That MAC Limiting Is Working Correctly.
If you set a MAC limit to apply to all interfaces on the switch, you can override that setting for a particular interface by specifying action none. See mac-limit for more information.
MAC Addresses That Exceed the MAC Limit or MAC Move Limit
If you have configured the port-error-disable statement, you can view which interfaces are temporarily disabled because the MAC limit or MAC move limit was exceeded. Use the show ethernet-switching interfaces command.
The log messages that indicate the MAC limit or MAC move limit has been exceeded include the offending MAC addresses.