Understanding DVMRP

 

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) was deprecated in Junos OS Release 16.1. Although DVMRP commands continue to be available and configurable in the CLI, they are no longer visible and are scheduled for removal in a subsequent release.

The Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) is a distance-vector routing protocol that provides connectionless datagram delivery to a group of hosts across an internetwork. DVMRP is a distributed protocol that dynamically generates IP multicast delivery trees by using a technique called reverse-path multicasting (RPM) to forward multicast traffic to downstream interfaces. These mechanisms allow the formation of shortest-path trees, which are used to reach all group members from each network source of multicast traffic.

DVMRP is designed to be used as an interior gateway protocol (IGP) within a multicast domain.

Because not all IP routers support native multicast routing, DVMRP includes direct support for tunneling IP multicast datagrams through routers. The IP multicast datagrams are encapsulated in unicast IP packets and addressed to the routers that do support native multicast routing. DVMRP treats tunnel interfaces and physical network interfaces the same way.

DVMRP routers dynamically discover their neighbors by sending neighbor probe messages periodically to an IP multicast group address that is reserved for all DVMRP routers.

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Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) was deprecated in Junos OS Release 16.1. Although DVMRP commands continue to be available and configurable in the CLI, they are no longer visible and are scheduled for removal in a subsequent release.