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    Loop Protection for a Spanning-Tree Instance Interface

    By default, a spanning-tree protocol interface that stops receiving Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BPDU) data frames will transition to the designated port (forwarding) state, creating a potential loop. To prevent a spanning-tree instance interface from interpreting a lack of received BPDUs as a “false positive” condition for assuming the designated port role, you can configure one of the following loop protection options:

    • Configure the router to raise an alarm condition if the spanning-tree instance interface has not received BPDUs during the timeout interval.
    • Configure the router to block the spanning-tree instance interface if the interface has not received BPDUs during the timeout interval.

    Note: Spanning-tree instance interface loop protection is enabled for all spanning-tree instances on the interface, but blocks or alarms only those instances that stop receiving BPDUs.

    We recommend you configure loop protection only on non-designated interfaces such as the root or alternate interfaces. Otherwise, if you configure loop protection on both sides of a designated link, then certain STP configuration events (such as setting the root bridge priority to an inferior value in a topology with many loops) can cause both interfaces to transition to blocking mode.

    Modified: 2017-08-31