Understanding Bit Error Rate Testing
In telecommunication transmission, the bit error rate (BER) is the percentage of bits that have errors compared to the total number of bits received in a transmission, usually expressed as 10 to a negative power. For example, a transmission with a BER of 10–6 received 1 errored bit in 1,000,000 bits transmitted. The BER indicates how often a packet or other data unit must be retransmitted because of an error. If the BER is too high, a slower data rate might improve the overall transmission time for a given amount of data if it reduces the BER and thereby lowers the number of resent packets.
A bit error rate test (BERT) is a procedure or device that measures the BER for a given transmission. You can configure a device to act as a BERT device by configuring the interface with a bit error rate and a testing period. When the interface receives a BERT request from a BER tester, it generates a response in a well-known BERT pattern. The initiating device checks the BERT-patterned response to determine the number of bit errors.