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Understanding Power over Ethernet in a Junos Fusion
This topic describes Power over Ethernet (PoE) in a Junos Fusion.
This topic covers:
Power over Ethernet in a Junos Fusion Overview
Power over Ethernet (PoE) enables electric power, along with data, to be passed over a copper Ethernet LAN cable. Powered devices—such as VoIP telephones, wireless access points, video cameras, and point-of-sale devices—that support PoE can receive power safely from the same access ports that are used to connect personal computers to the network. This reduces the amount of wiring in a network, and it also eliminates the need to position a powered device near an AC power outlet, making network design more flexible and efficient.
In a Junos Fusion, PoE is used to carry electric power from an extended port on a satellite device to a connected device. An extended port is any network-facing port on a satellite device in a Junos Fusion.
Many PoE concepts for standalone switches also apply to PoE on Junos Fusion. See Understanding PoE on EX Series Switches for a detailed overview of PoE on standalone EX Series switches.
Understanding the Role of the Aggregation Devices for PoE Support in a Junos Fusion
An aggregation device is responsible for configuring, monitoring, and maintaining all configurations for all extended ports in a Junos Fusion, including PoE. Therefore, all commands used to configure, monitor, and maintain PoE in a Junos Fusion are entered from the aggregation device.
An extended port on the satellite device must support PoE to enable PoE in a Junos Fusion. No hardware limitations for PoE support are introduced by the aggregation device in a Junos Fusion.
PoE is supported in a Junos Fusion Provide Edge and a Junos Fusion Enterprise despite not being supported in MX series routers or standalone EX9200 switches. All MX series routers and EX9200 switch models, when configured into the aggregation device role in a Junos Fusion , can enable PoE Junos Fusion because the PoE hardware support is supported on the satellite devices.
Understanding the Role of the Satellite Devices for PoE Support in a Junos Fusion
A satellite device in a Junos Fusion provides PoE hardware support in a Junos Fusion. Each satellite device in a Junos Fusion that supports PoE has its own PoE controller. The PoE controller keeps track of the PoE power consumption on the satellite device and allocates power to PoE extended ports. The maximum PoE power consumption for a satellite device—the total amount of power available for the satellite device’s PoE controller to allocate to all of the satellite device’s PoE interfaces—is determined individually by the switch model of the satellite devices and by the power supply or supplies installed in that satellite device.
In allocating power, the satellite device’s PoE controller cannot exceed the satellite device’s maximum PoE power availability.
The maximum PoE power consumption varies by satellite device in a Junos Fusion , because the hardware specifications of the satellite devices determine the maximum PoE power availability.
See Understanding PoE on EX Series Switches for a listing of the PoE power consumption limit for each EX Series switch model and power supply configuration.
Understanding PoE Configuration in a Junos Fusion
Like all features in a Junos Fusion, PoE is configured from the aggregation devices.
In dual aggregation device topologies, the PoE configurations should match identically on both aggregation devices.
PoE in a Junos Fusion works by periodically checking the PoE configuration on each aggregation device, and updating the configuration when a PoE change is identified. If the aggregation devices have different PoE configurations, the PoE configurations for the Junos Fusion will continually change because the Junos Fusion always uses the PoE configuration of the last aggregation device that was checked.
Understanding PoE Support Standards for Extended Ports in a Junos Fusion
The extended port hardware—specifically, the extended port hardware interface on the satellite device in the Junos Fusion —must support PoE to enable PoE in a Junos Fusion.
All extended ports that support PoE on satellite devices in a Junos Fusion support the IEEE 802.3at PoE+ standard. The IEEE 802.3at PoE+ standard allows an extended port that supports PoE to provide up to 30 W of power to a connected device.
Understanding Maximum PoE Power Budgets in a Junos Fusion
The maximum PoE power budgets are determined for each individual satellite device in a Junos Fusion.
Maximum PoE power budgets for a satellite device vary by the switch model and power supply configuration of the satellite device.
To learn the maximum PoE power supply budget for a satellite device:
See Understanding PoE on EX Series Switches for a table of maximum power supply budgets by switch device model.
Enter the show poe controller command from your aggregation device and view the Maximum Power output.
Understanding PoE Controller Software in a Junos Fusion
All switches that support PoE have a PoE controller that runs PoE controller software, including switches acting as satellite devices in a Junos Fusion.
PoE controller software is bundled with Junos OS. PoE controller software should be updated before installing a switch as a satellite device in a Junos Fusion.
For information on PoE controller software requirements in a Junos Fusion Enterprise, see Understanding Junos Fusion Enterprise Software and Hardware Requirements.
For information on PoE controller software requirements in a Junos Fusion Provider Edge, see Understanding Junos Fusion Provider Edge Software and Hardware Requirements
For information on checking or upgrading the PoE controller software version, see Upgrading the PoE Controller Software.
Understanding PoE Power Allocation Configuration Options in a Junos Fusion
Junos Fusion supports several optional features that help manage PoE power allocation on the satellite devices.
The PoE power allocation options are discussed in greater detail in Understanding PoE on EX Series Switches.