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DNSSEC Overview

 

Junos OS devices support the domain name service security extensions (DNSSEC) standard. DNSSEC is an extension of DNS that provides authentication and integrity verification of data by using public-key based signatures.

In DNSSEC, all the resource records in a DNS are signed with the private key of the zone owner. The DNS resolver uses the public key of the owner to validate the signature. The zone owner generates a private key to encrypt the hash of a set of resource records. The private key is stored in RRSIG record. The corresponding public key is stored in the DNSKEY record. The resolver uses the public key to decrypt the RRSIG and compares the result with the hash of the resource record to verify that it has not been altered.

Similarly, the hash of the public DNSKEY is stored in a DS record in a parent zone. The zone owner generates a private key to encrypt the hash of the public key. The private key is stored in the RRSIG record. The resolver retrieves the DS record and its corresponding RRSIG record and public key. Using the public key, the resolver decrypts the RRSIG record and compares the result with the hash of the public DNSKEY to verify that it has not been altered. This establishes a chain of trust between the resolver and the name servers.