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Enabling FIPS Mode

 

When Junos OS is installed on NFX150 device and the device is powered on, it is ready to be configured. Initially, you log in as the user root with no password. When you log in as root, your SSH connection is enabled by default.

As Crypto Officer, you must establish a root password conforming to the FIPS password requirements in Understanding Password Specifications and Guidelines for Junos OS in FIPS Mode. When you enable FIPS mode in Junos OS on the device, you cannot configure passwords unless they meet this standard.

Local passwords are encrypted with the secure hash algorithm SHA256 or SHA512. Password recovery is not possible in Junos OS in FIPS mode. Junos OS in FIPS mode cannot boot into single-user mode without the correct root password.

To enable FIPS mode in Junos OS on the device:

  1. Zeroize the device to delete all CSPs before entering FIPS mode. Refer to Understanding Zeroization to Clear System Data for FIPS Mode section for details.
  2. After the device comes up in ’Amnesiac mode’, login using username root and password "" (blank).
  3. Configure root authentication.
  4. Load configuration onto device and commit new configuration.
  5. Install fips-mode package needed for Routing Engine KATS.
  6. Install jpfe-fips package.
    • Configure chassis boundary fips by setting set system fips chassis level 1 and commit.

    • Configure fips by setting set systems fips level 1 and commit

    Device might display the Encrypted-password must be re-configured to use FIPS compliant hash warning to delete older CSP in loaded configuration.
  7. After deleting and reconfiguring CSPs, commit will go through and device needs reboot to enter FIPS mode.
  8. After rebooting the device, FIPS self-tests will run and device enters FIPS mode.
  9. After the reboot has completed, log in and use the show version command to verify.