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Operating Companies Overview

Contrail Service Orchestration (CSO) supports operating companies in a service provider environment. An operating company (OpCo) is a region-specific service provider that can create and manage its own tenants and provide services to them—thus an OpCo is a subset of the global service provider and functions as a service provider for its own tenants.

A global service provider can create one or more operating companies and share resources (cloud hub devices, device templates, and so on) with the operating companies. The global service provider manages its own tenants as well as the operating companies.

For example, the Global SP administrator can create operating companies such as OpCo_Spain, OpCo_Italy, and OpCo_France under the global service provider V1_Global and share the resources with these operating companies.

Tenants managed by one OpCo are isolated from tenants of another OpCo—that is, resources from one OpCo cannot be shared with other operating companies.

Note When an SP administrator creates one or more operating companies under the service provider, the service provider is called a global service provider and the SP administrator is called the Global SP administrator.

This topic contains the following sections:

OpCo Hierarchy Management

The CSO multitenant hierarchy has the following levels:

Figure 10 shows the relationship between the global service provider, operating companies, and tenants. A global service provider can have one or more operating companies and tenants, and each OpCo can be assigned one or more tenants.

Figure 10: OpCo Hierarchy Management

OpCo Hierarchy
Management

OpCo Authentication and Authorization

A newly created OpCo can use either the same authentication method used by the global service provider or its own SSO server to authenticate its users. If the OpCo uses its own SSO server, the SSO server details need to be added in the Authentication (Administration > Authentication) page. For more information about configuring a SSO server, see Configuring a Single Sign-On Server.

The following authentication methods are available for OpCo users:

For more information about authentication methods, see Authentication Methods Overview.

Access Privileges for Global SP, OpCo, and Tenant Users

Global SP, OpCo, and tenant users can perform tasks based on the access privileges assigned to these roles.

For more information about roles, see Role-Based Access Control Overview.

Table 129 shows the access privileges of Global SP, OpCo, and Tenant Users.

Table 129: Access Privileges for Global SP, OpCo, and Tenant Users.

Main Menu

Submenu

Access Privileges

Dashboard—Display widgets for both global SP and an OpCo users when they log in to CSO. However, for OpCo users, the following information is filtered based on OpCo tenants.

 

Tenant Sites – Total Alerts

Global SP users can view alerts across all tenants. OpCo users can view alerts across their tenants.

 

POPs – Capacity Used

Global SP users can create and manage all POPs and share the POPs with operating companies. Global SP and OpCo users can view POPs usage (CPU, Memory, and Storage).

 

Cloud Services: POP Resources Used

Global SP and OpCo users can view POPs usage (CPU, Memory, and Storage).

 

Top 5 POPs with Alerts

Global SP and OpCo users can view POPs alerts. However, OpCo users can only view POP alerts across their tenants.

 

Top 5 Tenants with Alerts

Global SP users can view alerts across all tenants. OpCo users can only view alerts across their tenants.

 

Top 5 Sites with Alerts

Global SP users can view alerts across their tenant sites. OpCo users can only view alerts across their tenant sites.

Monitor—Displays a geographical map of all POPs and alerts associated with each POP. Global SP users can create and manage all POPs and share the POPs with operating companies. Both Global SP and OpCo users can view POPs and their associated alerts. However, tenants can view only the alerts of their sites.

 

Alerts

Alerts are generated for a tenant's site or device and the alerts are shared with its tenant’s OpCo and global service provider. The tenant user can only view tenant-specific alerts and the OpCo users can view alerts of the OpCo's tenants. Global SP users can view all alerts across all tenants.

Alert Definition – SD-WAN Alert

Global SP users can create SD-WAN alert definitions. OpCo users and tenants can view SD-WAN alert definitions.

Alert Definition – Security Alert

Tenants can create security alert definitions. OpCo and Global SP users can view security alert definitions.

Alarms

Alarms are generated for a specific tenant and shared with an OpCo’s tenant and Global SP users. Global SP users can view alarms across all tenants and the OpCo users can view alarms specific to their tenants.

Global SP users can view alarms specific to global devices (for example, cloud hub devices).

Device Events

Device events are generated for a specific tenant. Global SP users can view device events across all tenants. OpCo users can view device events specific to their tenants.

Tenants SLA Performance

SLA performance is measured for each tenant. Global SP users can view the SLA performance of all tenants. OpCo users can view the SLA performance of their tenants.

Jobs – All

Global SP users can view and edit the scheduled jobs across all tenants. OpCo users can view and edit scheduled jobs of the OpCo’s tenants. Tenants can view and edit their scheduled jobs.

Jobs – Scheduled

Global SP users can view scheduled jobs across all tenants. OpCo users can view scheduled jobs specific to their tenants.

Resources—Global SP and OpCo users can create and manage POPs, tenant devices, cloud hub devices, device profiles, and device images. POPs and cloud hub devices are shared globally. Both Global SP and OpCo users can view all POPs and cloud hub devices.

 

POP

Global SP users can create POPs and share the POPs with all operating companies and their tenants. Operating companies and tenants of global service provider have read-only access to POPs.

Tenant Devices

Tenants own tenant devices and share the devices with the tenant’s OpCo and global service provider.

Cloud Hub Devices

Global SP users can create and manage all cloud hub devices and share the devices with operating companies and tenants. Operating companies and tenants have read-only access to cloud hub devices.

Virtual Route Reflector (VRR)

The VRR is created during CSO deployment and is available to all operating companies and tenants.

A virtual route reflector (VRR) resides on a virtual machine (VM) on each regional microservices server. During the CSO installation, a VRR is installed on the regional servers. The VRR has a fixed configuration that you cannot modify. Use of a VRR enhances scaling of the BGP network with low cost and removes the need for hardware-based route reflectors that require space in a data center and ongoing maintenance.

Note: VRR is not a UI element.

Device Profiles

Device profiles can be managed by:

  • Global SP—Global SP users can create, modify, and share device profiles with operating companies and tenants. Operating companies and tenants have read-only access to the global service provider's device profiles.

  • Operating companies—OpCo users can create, modify, and share device profiles with the OpCo's tenants. The global SP users have read-only access to the OpCo’s device profiles.

Images

Global SP users can upload all device images, and the images are available to all operating companies and tenants associated with global service provider and operating companies.

Configuration—Global SP and OpCo users can create and manage application traffic types, application SLA profiles, shared objects, and network services and share them with other operating companies.

 

Application Traffic Type Profiles

Global SP users can create and manage application traffic type profiles. Operating companies and tenants have read-only access to application traffic type profiles.

Application SLA Profiles

Application SLA profiles can be managed by:

  • Global SP—Global SP users can create application SLA profiles. Operating companies and tenants have read-only access to application SLA profiles.

  • Operating companies—OpCo users can create SLA application profiles. Global SP users and OpCo tenants have read-only access to SLA application profiles.

  • Tenants—Both global service provider and OpCo tenants can create SLA application profiles. Global SP and operating companies have read-only access to their tenants SLA application profiles.

Shared Objects

Global SP users can create and manage shared objects. Operating companies and tenants have read-only access to the shared objects of the global service provider.

Network Services (VNF and NSD)

Global SP users can create and manage network services and share them with operating companies and tenants.

Tenants—Global SP and OpCo users can create and manage tenants for the global service provider and operating companies.

 

Global Tenants

Global SP users can create and manage their tenants. However, if the global service provider user has privilege to access an OpCo, then the user can switch to OpCo scope and manage OpCo tenants.

Operating companies

Operating companies can be managed only by the Global SP users. OpCo users are not allowed to create operating companies.

OpCo Tenants

OpCo users can create and manage their tenants. The Global SP user has read-only access to the OpCo’s tenants.

Administration—Global SP and OpCo users can create and manage users, and manage application databases, licenses, and preferences. Both Global SP and OpCo users can configure authentication methods and SMTP settings, and customize e-mail templates for their tenants.

 

Users

Users can be managed by:

  • Global SP—Global SP users can create and manage users for their scope (service provider, tenant, and OpCo).

  • OpCo—OpCo users are created with appropriate access privileges by switching the scope to an OpCo.

Authentication

Authentication methods can be configured at:

  • Global SP—Global SP users can configure an authentication method for service provider and tenant users.

  • Operating companies—OpCo users can use the same authentication method used by the global service provider or use their SSO server for their tenant users.

Licenses

Global SP users can upload and manage licenses. OpCo and tenant users can upload their licenses.

Signature Database

Global SP users can manage and share application signature database with all operating companies and tenants.

SMTP

SMTP settings can be configured for:

  • Global SP—Global SP users can configure SMTP settings to send e-mails to their users (service provider, tenant, and OpCo) and tenants.

  • Operating companies—OpCo users can configure their SMTP settings to send e-mails to their users (both service provider and tenant) and tenants.

Preferences (Portal Customization)

Global SP users can create and manage themes for all operating companies and tenants. Operating companies can use the same theme used by the global service provider. Only the Global SP users can view and modify the theme settings.

E-mail Templates

Global SP users can customize e-mail messages. OpCo users can create their e-mail templates for their tenants.

Benefits of Operating Companies

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